We extract the following paragmphs rom a private letter dated Washington, April 23. It will give the roader a lookftron's idea of how the voto mossage of President Grant was received in the Sonate, and also of the impending doom hanging over tho department clerks, - the addition of another hour's work to their terribly burdensorae day of six hours (with an hour for lunch tocóme out of the six) : "As you will have seen before this, innat ion got a black eye yesterday, which was better than we dared expect. I carne into the Senato Boon after the roading of the message, and it ra's easy to be seen that something of a little more than ordinary interest had occurred. Immediately after the clerk had finished the reading, the colleague of the great War Senator' arose, as did also Senator Conklin ; but the N. Y. Senator being considerably more colussal, in more respects than one, was recognized by the chair, and he struck the Conklin attitude at once, andsaid 'oi course Senators desired to see it in print.' Among other things he said, in his rasping way, ' he supposed tho Senator f rom Indiana in tended to support the message but better await the return of Senator Shennan, and then he could aid him. Morton, in the meantime, looked black in the face, and Logan and Ferry sadly demoralized. Schurz, Thurman and Bayard - ' the theorists' as such statesmen as Logan and Ferry cali them - looked more jubilant. " The House is engaged this week on the Appropriation bil], which makes considerable reduction of the overworked government clerks, and should such a reduction take place, the ' unpleasantness' between the two factions in Arkansas woulc be nothing to this. The bilí provides among other things, that the clerks shal work neven instead of six hours a day, as is now the custom. Whether this wil causea 'strike' among the clerks remain to be seen." In the House proceediugs of a week or ten daya ago the following paragraphs appeared : Mr. Garfield (Rep., O.) proposed to amend one of the standing rules of the House so that less than a quorum may proceed with the consideration of any regular appropriation bill. Referred. He also asked unammous consent that that shall be the rule for to-day, but objection was made. Now the siniple-minded reader of a country newspaper, especially if he yet hugs to his breast the once popular delusion that a Congressman is of necessity a wise and great man, may be surprised to learn what Mr. Garfield evidently did not know, that in that antiquated and much abused document, the constitution, there is a section reading as follows : " Each House shall be the judge of the election, returns, and qualifications of ita own members ; and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business ; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and be authorized to compel the attendance of members," etc. Can Mr. Garfield or any othur liberal constructionist teil what authority "less than a quorum" of the House can have to act as a body, or what binding force the acts of " less than a quorum" would have : except acts designed to " compel the attendance of absent members r1 It has long been understood by those conversant with the Congressional mode of doing business that the House - and we may also say the Senate - has paid little or no atteution to a quorum; and it has been said that important bilis have been passed without a quorum present. The yeas and nays not being required by the constitution - a serious mistake - bilis are run off until some member objects and brings the House to the sudden knowledge that there is " no quorum present." His objections removed (to the bill on passage and uot to the manner of legislation) the machine grind on again until another similar snag is struck. But it is frankness itself to provide by rule for doing business wiih less than a quorum. And if to consider a " general appropiiation bill" - the bill which squanders and scatters the people's money right and left - why not any(and all other bilis f Congress ought to adjourn. When l met, the coun-try was suifering froin the immediate depression of the panic. It ia now suffering froin Congresa. The membera went there infused with the impatience and desperation of business men in the agony and pinch of the crisis. The country wa8 feeling as the New York merchants feit, when they vainly askec Grant to issue the Porty-four Million dollars to relieve their erabarrassinents. The atmosphere of Washington, heated by discassions like the furnace of Nebuchadnezzar, is seven times hottei than the atmosphere of any other place. It has kept the thermometer of feeling to the top-notch of the panic during the whole winter The temperature has fallen everywhere except in that hot-house called the Capitol. There it is as torrid as eter. Üne reason why the members from the Eastern States are opposed to inflation more than the West, aside from some degree oi admitted difference in the popular feeling of the two aeotions, is that they have come into more intímate contact with their constituents. It is because Congress has not been able to get a whiff of the common sensc air which has blown away the ïnists and delusions from a large majority of the people that it is so unhealthy in its financial sentiments. This misunderstanding of the peoplc, this absolute ignorance of what is going on in the country has ready cost us dear. Had Congress adjourned three months ago business would have been thriving and active to-day ; but commeroe bas awaited in anxious yet deadened expectation for the disturblng blows that legislation was constantly threatening, but never dealing Let Congress adjourn therefore if only for a month. Let it infotm itself of the real public opinión and go back and legislate in acoordance with new knowledge. The speeches that are made in Congress show that Congressmen are ignorant of the feeling of the people. Many of them eeinto think that tbe veto would créate a terrible uproar ; and that it will be popular to assail the message. They were never more mistaken. Even the inflationists are not clamorous ; and the number of inflationists is diminisUing. Every day is proving that the desiro for expansión was teraporary ; was not founded in any real or permanent wants of the country. Let Congress adjourn therefore away from the unhealthful air of Washington. It will bo a great help to the members of that body and a great relief to the people. A reees8 of a few weeks properly improved will furnish the new and fresh ideas that the members are muoh in need of. - Detroit Post. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has ruled that a demand for payment of a note must be made a a reasonable time of day if at a private residence, not at an hour when it may be presumed that the family is in bed ; and if at a place of business within business hours. Dispatches from the seat of war state that Gen. Concha is moving with about 20,000 men on Valmaseda with a view of attacking the Carlists at Balboa in the rear. Serrano will attack simultaneously m front. The Carlicts are reported strongly entrenched.