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Draining And Clearing

Draining And Clearing image
Parent Issue
Public Domain
OCR Text

Draining wet land and clearing off rookB and stones which are in the way of cultivation are operations which are always in order on farms which need it. Now is just the time to begin somo job in the way of permanent improvements of that kind. Look the matter over carefully before oommencing. Try to start right. " Well begun is half done." Most beginners at draining fail by making the drains too shallow, and, if stones are used, by filling the ditches too full with them. A four-foot drain is generally worth more than a doublé one which is but two feet deep, while an open course at the bottom, equal to twoor three iuches in diameter, is equally as efficiënt as if ir were ten times as large. Almost every one familiar with the working of underdrains supposea the water gets in at the top of the stones or tiles, and the nearer either are to the surf ace tb e more valuablo they will be, than which a greater error could hardly be entertained. An underdrain takes water from the soil and oarries it off just as long as there is more water in it than it can hold in state of dampness. We want our land damp all the time, but saturated as little as possible. Now, a soil drained four feet deep will be damp four feet deep, and will hold twice as much water, without being wet, as a soil drained only two feet deep. Deep drains appear to act a little more slowly, but their action is more constant, and, on the whole, they are much more economical. People often err by making more drains than are required to carry off the water. They do not realize how muoh business a good, well constructed drain is capable of doing. There are thousands of narrow swales scattered over our New England farms, where the water now oozes through the whole width of theiu in its way, to fínd a lower level. One good, well made underdrain would often be 8uffioient for taking off all the surplus water, and would leave the surface dry enough for producing tho best of English grasses. After a heavy shower the water comes down through them now in torrents, and one would think that several drains, or at least one very large one, would be required for carrying off such streams. But it must be reñiembered that now the soil is full of water all the time, and can hold no more. So a shower makes a great flood, but if the land was drained thoroughly, it might hold within itself, for a short time, all the water which would fall during the ehower, and pass it out gradually through the drains. No one should lay out a greut amount of capital in draining before reading some of the best books on the subject, or Consulting those who are familiar with the subject. It costa too much to make mistakes through ignorance. Draining and clearing land of stones are operations which may often be carried . on together successfully. It saves one handling of the stones if they can be put into the drains as f ast as dug


Old News
Michigan Argus