Tho President has signed the bill roviding for the admission of Colorado, s a State, into the Union, and that 'orritory has now becomo, as far as the Toderal Government can mako it, a free and independent State. The new State of Colorado, which is the twenty-flfth n order of adinission to union with the original thirtoen, has an area of 104,500 square miles. It is inferior in size, therofore, only to the States of Texas and California. In 1870, when the Federal census was taken, its population was 39,864. The advocates of the bill admitting Colorado to the Union estimated its present population at 150,000. This is undoubtedly an over estimate. The total vote in the Territory in 1870 waa 11,508, and in 1874 it was 16,522, an increase of leBS than 50 per cent. At the same ratio the population must be about sixty thousand. Denver is the capital and chief oity, with a population of about six thousand. The Territory was organized in 1861, from parts of Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico and Utah. Politically it was controlled by the Republican party until last yoar when the Demoorats succeoded in electing ther candidato for Delégate to Congress by 2,163 majority. By the provisions of the bill which has just been signed by the President, the people wil] meet next autumn to elect delegates to a convention to form a State Constitution. The election to ratify or reject the Constitution will not take place until July, 1876. State oflïcers and members of the State Legidature will then be choseu. The new Legislature, when it meets, will elect two United States Senators to be in readineeB to take their seats probably at the beginning of the seoond session of the Porty-fourth Congress, in December, 1876.