to be relied upon thoro is light ahead : "The Comiuittee on Appropriations take important action this morning (Jan'y '2-i), by agreeing to take up the Legislativo Appropriation bill, deciding upon extending tho working houra and leducing all salaries ten per cent." That promises legiilation in the right direction. Not only are there too niauy men in the omploy of the Governmont at Washington and elsewhere, but they do not work hours enough and are paid too large salaries for the work they do. Clerks in the departments now work from 9 o'clock A. M. to 4 o'clock P. M., - with an hour out at noon, - or six hours a day. They should work from 8 o'olock to five o'clock, - or eight hours. ■ Kmployos in Navy Yards, and on all Government works, labor but eight hours at full wages ; thoy should work ton hours tho same ai mechanica and laboréis in private service, or have their pay reduced one-fifth. The eighthour law is a fraud upon the people, and the sooner the Government takes the back track, aud runs its departments on business principies, the better. As to salaries all should not bo reduced on a uniform scale. The largor salaries wil I bear the most liberal shearing. Begin with Congress itself and thon cut down in all branches of the servioe. - - ■ -t -- p-m - - Perhaps thoso Republicans who porsist on lying awake o' nigtats, in foar of the terrible dragon of " State sovereignity " and another rebellion, with the reestablishment of slavory, eto., and just because there is a Democratie majority in tho House of Representativos, will consent to take a few winks of sleep, brief and infrequent though they be, after reading the following confession and deolaration of Mr. Holman, supposed to be one of the Democratie leaders of the House. In the course of the debate on the Centennial bill, on Monday last, Mr. Holman, in response to a doclaration by a Mr. Tucker, of Virginia, that this " is not a nation," said : " If there had boen auything settled beyond recall in the progress of the century it was that tho sovereignty of the people, not the sovereiguty of the States, was the solid foundation on which the political powers of the government restod. That fact had not only been solemnly established in the Constitution, but had been reaftinned on every battle fietc from the time of tho formation of the government to the present hour. It was a nation. I' spoko though its accrediied representatives with the voico of a nation, and no argumeni or reaeoning could impair the iaith of the peoplo in that fact." And yot as a nation it has just those rights and powers - and no more - which the Constitution gives it. In the exercise of those powers and rights, it is supremo. The States are therefore no soveroign, and yet their rights are jus' as well defined, just as sacred as those of the nation or Federal Government, - and those rights include the regulation of their own internal affairs. When the supposed statesmen who constitute Congress leam the boundaries of the two governments- State and Nationw - half the occupation of Congress wil be gone, half the expense of operating the Federal Government saved, and more than half the jar and fiction which now exists. The Republican " prophets of ovil ' express a great fear that the House wil deplete the treasury by passing bilis paying rebel losses in the rebellion, the rebel debt inourred by the States, anc for the emancipated slaves. These despondent individuals have no confidence in a Republican Senate or a Republican President to protect the " loil ' North, nor do they remember, if they ever kuew, that a constitutional provisión stands in the way of any such marauding upon the treasury. We quote section four of theXIV. amendment : " Neither the United States, nor State shall assume tf pay any debt or obligation ïncurred ia aid of iiisurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of auy slave ; but all such debt-s, obligations and claims shall be ïllega and void." But, perhaps they fear that the Goths and Vandals will force, Republican like an amendment to the Constitution anc break down the barriers now standing in the way of such rebel outrages Verily, isn't all this iuss about nothing a waste of wind ? Out in Decatur, "Van Buren County the township supervisor assossod the liquor tax, it was collected by the treasurer, and the moneys paid over to the town and used as township funds. Then came the village of Decatur, a corporation within the township, and made claim to that portion of the moneys collected within its corporate limite which payment was rofused. A mandamas suit was brought in the Supreme Court, whinh was decided at the receñí session, Judge Cooley saying for the court, " The question is purely one oi law. The village is clearly entitled to the tax. The village assessor shoulc have made the assessment, but his failure to do so cannot work estoppe' against the village in favor of the township." The court awarded the village an order on the township treasurer for the amount of the taxes, and refused payment to the supervisor for making the itssessment. It is related that when Belknap's defeat was told to Zach Chandler the latter remarked that the flourish made in the papers by Belknap's frienils bcforo tho election, and the sniall number of votes- 12 - poüed, was very much like shearing a hog for wool, the result being & blamed sight more noise than' wool. - New York Ilerald Special. Zach knows just how it is himself, and it isn't generous in him to poke fun at Belknap's defeat. If our memory is good, but a littlo more than a year ago the " War Senator " had a " dead suro tliing " on a re-election ; begged for a ' little opposition, just for fun;'' proelaimed that " they (the opposition) eouldn't beat one side of him ; " and when advised that the caucus of Demo■crats and bolting Republicans had matured a plan to lay his hide on the fonco the next day unless he withdrew, pronounced it " a bob-tail flush." If soms moral Republican reador don't understand that term we refer him to oither Secretary Chandler or Cren. Schenck. No, Chandler is the last man who ought io laugh at Belknap.