It was the misfortune of the lican party that in 1872 its best men and purest leaders lelt constrained to withdraw trom it their allegiance. Tho men who, like Chase, Sumner, and Qreeley, had rocked tho eradle of the party and led it by the hand iïom infant feebleness to the full niaturity of its strength, saw that the perpetuation of the party in power augured ill for the prosperity and happiness of the comtnou people of our coininon country. They therefore cttme out froin it, stiook the very dust from their feet, and waalled their handa of all responsibility for its future. Before the whole nation they charged it with incompotency, with. laek of statesmanahip, with the feil policv of hate and discord and sectional aniraosity, with keeping alive for party ends the angry feelings engendered by civil war, and last, but not least, with a degeneracy and corruption in tho civil service that had been hithorto unknown. And the men so charging, be it remembored, wero the fathers of the party. When a child is desertod by those who have carried it in their )osoms, dandled it upon their knees, md proclaimed theinselves the responible authors of its existeuce, it niay be veil supposed that somewhere somo;hiug is radically wrong. Since that ;ime four years have passed, each sucessive yoar marked by revelations more ihameful than disgracod the precedng. President Woolsey, in the dignity L his oíd age, speaking as a scholar ind as a patriot, cotnes out of his retreat to say that tor the last ten years the jountry has been steadily growiug politically worse. To-day the indictuient against tho party is siinply unanswerablo. A country can enduro alinost anything save fraud, peoulation, and corruption. These caused both Greece and Rome to go to pieoos. Such things aro simply the ruin of a country, and are the shadows of its political destruction. Public virtue is the vital spark in the body politie of a republican government,. and when that dies the political life of a nation dies with it. Was ever a party suuimoued before the bar of public opinión 10 answer such an indicttuent for fraud and corruption as is the Republican party in the coming election ? The indictment shows "a "Vice-President censured and disgraced ; a late Speaker of the House of Representativos marketing his rulings as a presidiug officer ; three Senators profiting 8ecretly by their votes as lawmakers; iivo chairmen of the leading committees of the House of Representatives exposed in jobbery ; a late Socretary of the Troasury foicing balances in the public accounts ; a late AttorneyGeneral misappropriating public funds ; a Secretary of the Navy enriched or enriching friends by percentages levied off the profits of contracts with his departinent ; an embassador to England censured in a dishoaorable speculation ; the President's private secretary escapiug conviction upon trial for guilty couiplicity in frauds upou the revenue ; a Secretary of War iuipeached for high crimes aud confessod misdemeanors." And in conclusión, it might be added, the Bristows, Jewella, and Pratts forced to retire because they woro honest men at war with thioves! What is the answor made to this indictment for shameful moral and political guilt. It comes in the shape of the Ciucinnati conveution endorsing the adïninistration, and the administration leaders nominating Hayes, and Huyes endorsing the aforesaid endorsement of tho adwinistration, and last of all, Gen. Grant endorsing and congratulating Hayes in order that evorything may be lovoly and nothing lacking. It cornos too in the shape of vilo slanders of its prosecutors and its opponents. Slanders doubly falso and wicked as we shall provo. What shall be thought of a party putting in such an answer to such an indictment 'í A party that has to fall back upon lies and slanders is near its deserved ond. SLANDEH ÏIRST. That Samcel J. Tilden was in 1868 the author of an electioneoring priuted circular whose purport was fraud upon the ballot box. In answor it is said that lm name was used without his knowledgo or conBent, and the proof is to be found ia the testimony takou by by a Republican committee of investlgation appointed by a Ropublican Congress, and sitting in New Tork City in December 18G8. Hoe Report No. 31, ■lOth Congress, 3d session, page 237. The following is an extract from that testimony : Sai;i;ki. J. Tilden sworn and examinad. Quustion. Stato to the Comrnittou what relatious you bore iiurm; tliu last political caiupaigu to the political partieS in tin State. Auswer. I waB Chairman of the Democratie State Committee. Q. Look at tthis circular annexed to the tostimouy of.Johu ï. Hollinan, purporting to bö issuoci by you, aud state to the (Jommittee whether you were the author of it or uot. A. I was not. Q. I)o you know personally who was the autUor of it ? A. I do uot. Q. State whether you, as Cliairman of the Democratie State Central Comtiiitttw, distributod this circular by tlie mails yoursalf, or procurod it to be distnbuted. A. 1 did uot. 1 did uot know of its beiug done, and did not authorie it to lio donu. Q. Do you know anybody who (lid it 'i A. i do not üxcept as u íuattur oí mere surmise. Q. Do you know whether Mr. Tweed did it or not 't A. I do not. All of which very effectually disposes of this infainous charge, being sluiider nuinbor one. SLANDER SECOND. That Samuel J. Tilden was chairman of the platform committee of the Chicago convention in 1864, which put forth the famous " peaco platform," aud that he heartily favorod it. In onswor wo present the letter Mantón Marblo, a man whose personal honor has nover boen questionod by tho bitterest political foo : Your telejjram lias been shown me. Gov. Tildou was uot chairiuau ot the platform committee of the Chicago National Convention in 1864 ; Jamos Guthrie, of Kentucky, was. Gov. Tilden opposed in committe thut portion of the resolution, saying : " Aitor four yeais of tailure to restore the Uniou lij the experiment of war," etc. Ho got it struck out and even refu86d to agree to the reaolution as amended. It was tlien irra,'ularly rustored. Govornor Tilden at all stiies rofused to agroe to the resolutiou, and sunt a message by ma to Gen. McClelland, advislng him to discard it in his letter of acceptimce. Governor Tildeu, moreover, made a speech in the Xew York deleation against the armistice, which waa bnefly reportod by (ua in the New York World aud is correctly cited by the Cqurior-Journal. I was perBonally present in the" New York delegation, and at all meetings of the comiuittee in the adjoining room. MAJJTOX MARBLE. '1'Ilíh statement of Mr. Marble caunot be impeached, and besides is essentially corroborated by Hou. A. C. Baldwin of this Sttito, wlu) was a nieinber of the platform committee, and who asserta that " Mr. Tilden joined vigoromly in dcnouncing that portion of the platform." AU of which quite effectually disposes of slundor numbor two. SLAXDER TUIRD. That Samuel J. Tilden is a dishonoBt railroad vulture, having disgraced himself in transaotions with the 8t. Louíb, Alton & Terre Haute Bailroad Co. The officient answur to this charge is that the New York Tribune, a warm supportor of Hayes' election, slumps it an emphntic lie. In its issue of Aug. Hth, 1876, it said : The answer of (}ov. Tilden and other dofunilants concerned íu thu St. Louis, Alton & Torre Uaute Bailroad Compauy trausactions, is long, but perspicuous and to the poiut. It shuwa that tthe compauy was ïmmeusuly benetited by tne accessiun of Gov. Tilden and his iriends to its control. The transactions in the stock were individual acts and not those of trustees. The amounts paid Mr. Tilden for legal services were for sueci&c work. and lus charucs were loss than they might justly have beeu made. In short, thoro ia uo appaieut occasion tor the mud-throwmg about this business in which some of Gov. Tilden's opponents have so vigorously indulged. AH of which, coming from the political, opposition answers fully lying charge uuinber threo. SLANDEB F0URT1I. That Samuel J. Tilden was hand in glovo with Wni. M. Tweed until the exposure of hia iniquity was made by the New Hork 'Times. The answer to this charge ia equally conclusivo - not loss so we imagine because takon from tho Times itself. In the first place the Times was engaged in praising Tweed as a reformer, who had plaoed New York City and all Manhattan Island uudor obligations to hiui - this being but ono year previous to ita exposure of him, and while he was engaged in gertting the Tweed charter which gave the ring complete control of the city. Tho proof of this is to be found iu a Times editorial of April 8th, 1870: Senator Tweed is in a fair way to distinguish hiinselx as a reformer. Having gone so far as the champion of the new election bill and charter, he seems to have no idea of turning back. Perhaps, like Macbeth, ho thinks that uuder existiug circumstances, " returning was as tedious as go o'er," but at all eveuts he has put the people of Manhattan Tslaml under heavv obliii-ntinnii fn him We trust that Senator Tweed will manifeBt the saine energy in the advocacy of this last reform which has marked his actions with regard to the charter. [This charter aud election bill put New York into the hands of the ring] In the second place Mr. Tilden was actually opposing Tweed and his gang bofore the exposure, and while the Times, together with the Republicans in the Legislaturo, were sustaining and aiding them. The proof oorues in the form of a Times editorial of April 12th, 1870: Let us be thankful - only we have a vague idea that the Republicana were rather usoiul to the authors of the new charter in the recent coutest. But for the Republicans the Young Democracy (Mr. Tilden and his triends) might be at the top ot the troe, and the grand sachems haugiug all of a row to the lower branches. Mr. Hall and his associates will doubtle&s show a proper appreciution of the assistance rendered thora by the liepublicans when the enouiy was crying, " War to the knife, and the kuife to the lult." And in a Times editorial of May 13, 1871 : Mr. Samuel J. Tilden is among the numcrous Democratie lawyers who regard the amendtneuts passed under the lash of Tweed and Sweeuey as au outrage upou the people. Also in a Times editorial of Aug. 17, 1871 : There were a few indignant protests against the 8Cheme (chartor of 1S70) uttered by such high-toned Demócrata as Samuel J. Tilden aud others of his character ; but thoy were without effect, for Tweed and Sweeuey had the votes already bought up. That the ring churter of Tweed's could not have passed without the aid of the Kopublicans in the Legislature. and that it received such aid, appears froui the following Times editorial of April 13, 1870 : The passage of the uew charter and of the eleution law- the latter by far the most substautial reform of the two - coukl not have been secured without the help of the Republicans iu the Legislature, aud henee the credit of it is as much thcirs as it is of the Twoed Deinocruoy. Prom the above editoiials the proof is positivo that Tilden was not hand in glove with Tweed, and that while Tilden, the Young Democracy, and the New York World were crying " War to the knife, and kuife to the hilt," the Times was tho party hand in glove with Tweed. In tho third place, after the exposuro Mr. Tilden was the man who carried the war into África, as every one knows , and tha.t he actually held up tho hands of the Times editors when they wero alinost ready to give up the fight, will appear trom Tildon's reply to tho Times published in 1873 - word that have ñever been disputod : Aboutthe middle of August, 1S71, 1 stopped a iow days at Saritoga. There 1 mot Mr. George Jones of the Times. I had kuowii him twenty year3. He spoke freely to me. I aaw no iudication that ho.thought the battle was over. He seemod, rather, to teel lts stress. I told him I should appoar in the liold at the proper time. Oiten afterwards, when I met him, he referred to that casual interview with appareut sutisfaction. Some five or six weeks later- aftor Mr. Green was in as substituto for Mr. Conolly- I went into the Comptroller's office. There sat Mr. Jeuuings, of the Times, and his colleague, Mr. Jones. The former said : " We want an interview with you." Mr. Green kindly gave us a room in the basoiiiunt. When we had arrived thore and were seated, Mr. Jeunings said : " Do you see auy light P " and went on to say, in words which I may not be uble litoral y to repeat, that the contest was too exhausting to be continuad very long. I stretched ouc my hand to him aud said : "Be of good cheer ! We shall win this h'ght." Moroover we assert, and defy contradiotion from anyono who speaks f rom knowledge, that Gov. Tilden was never a friend of Tweod's, and that he nevor had any intímate relations with him. Mr. Tilden held no office in the city of New York.. He was sirnply chairman of the Democratie State Committee, aud was so against the well-known wishes of Tweed, who in 1869 tried to depose him in the State Convention but failed becanse seveii-eighths of tho Convention were against him. We declare furthor that Mr. Tilden was alniost uniformly elocted to the Statu oonventions from Columbia county, because the ring would not allow him to go from the city of New York. Furthermore, we assert as a matter of faot, that in 1870 Mr. Tilden appeared before the Logislature and denounced in uusparing language, to Tweed's face, the iniquity of his ring charter. It is a matter of fact, too, that Mr. Tildun was ccu8tomed to denounce the ring judges of Tweed, and began the niovemeut for judicial reform which ended in their iinpeachment and forced removal. We take it that these slandorous charges are sufficiently answered by the above. ïhay were answered too by the people of New York in 1874, when they elected Mr. Tilden. Guvernor by over 50,000 inajority over Dix, who had himself been elected in the preceding contest by the saaie raajority. They were answered in 1876 wheu Tammany Hall, thejCanal ring and the baser eleinents of the party conspired to defeat him in the St. Louis Convention. They will be answerod again in November next when an outraged and plundered people will have elevatod him to the highust position within their gift. The repetition of these false and malicious charges showa that the Kepublici.m party dopend for its succes on blinding and deceiving the people. It sees that its only hope lies in trickery and fraud. These charges reverbarating through the einpty, airy, and addlepated heads of Republioan leaders, is the cry of " stop thiuf ! " coming from whited sopulchres that within are full of dead ini-n 's bones and all uncleannuss. W. Commentino on tho canvass and balloting for Attomey-Ooneral in the late Democratie State Convention, the Lansing Republican, the editor-in-chief of which journal occupied a seat upon the platform, at the reporters' table, aays : " The fact beiug brought out that A tkiiwon had aupported Isaac Alarston for AttomeyGeneral in the spring of 1875, seiitence of political death wus immediutuly executed ou liim. ïhia will be the iate of every syinpathixor with tho Küpublicau party, if the old Democratie SoLdiers gain a victory." Overlooking the fact tbat Isaac Marston didn't run for " Attorney-General in the spring of 1875," or at any other time, and, therefore, that Col. Atkinson couldn't have " supported " him, we only desire to suggest to our cotomporary that Mr. Atkinson was not beaten because he was he was an Irishman, nor because of the charge that he gave aid and countenanue to the election of Marston as Associate Justice of the Supreine Court in 1875. Mr. Morris was brought into the field early ; his frieuds, active, wide-awake, live young men, had puahod.hiin vigorously, as the candidate and only candidate of the Ninth discrict ; while Mr. Atkinson 'b name "was not mentioned in connection with tho nomiñation until within a few minutes of the ballot. It was the fable of " the oarly bird " over again. J. Webster Ciiilds " feil into line " on Friday evening last and followed Messrs. Willits and Cutcheon with that same old speech he has boen rehearsing for years. There was nothing in it to make a noto of, and his appearance on the platform was significant only as indicating that he takes his defeat in the Congressisnl Convention in better part than two years ago, and that his friends of the farming class, who a fortnight ' ago thought it of the utmost importi anee that a farmer (Childs had told them so) be sent to Congress, have re1 ceived new light on the subject, and 1 will not carry out their threats to " kick over the traces." Has Child's received assurances of support for the Senator1 ship, or doea he expect to succeed Chandlor as Secrutary of the Interior? 1 Perhaps he proposes to succeed Wtts 1 as -Commissioner of Agriculture, and superintend the distribution of garden ' and " posy" seods, - about the " hoftiest" part ot' the duties of that office. , Mr. Evarts is a sort of Republican ! candidate for Governor of New York, and the Sun says that " the Evarts parj ty is increasing ; " more than that, tb e [ Sun Bays that it " has gained twentyé five per cent. within a few days past. 5 And the same Sun says that the Evarts f party " originally consisted of three :" the " witty " Choate, the " ornamental s and transcendental " Curtis," and the ■ " bravo " Gen. Barlow. Rush Hawkins . has become a " convert," and is the t " gain " the Sun chronioles. Speaking further of Mr. Evarts as a candidate, f the saine journal remarks : " It has ! been said that he would advooate the . election of the Demoeratio ticket this j autuinn ; but we apprehend his valua, blo services will be moro needed on the 1 othor sido. And again : " It is hinted j that Mr. Bvart's professional business is too lucrative to be givou up for the of. fice of Govornor. That objection inight . apply to his running as a Democratie , candidato ; but if he runs as a Repub, lican, it will not intarfere with his law business at all, except before election." j Isn't the Sun, disposed to treat the can, didato of Mr. Curtis - the man who , nover Iets tho opportuiity slip to condemn Grant while he is the steadiest defender of Grantism - a little too . lightly ? i - -- - - - - - - - Mr. Willits told his auditors on Friday evening that 40 years ago he carne i to this couuty with his fatlier ; that it ' took three days to come out from De i troit ; that he owes his education and culture and all he is to Washtenaw i County ; that twenty-one years ago he i "spoke " his little piece at the Univer. sity and went out into the world ; tht 1 the bones of his paren ts rest just up the Hurorl ; that he has a warm heart towards the citizons of old Wiishtenaw and hopes that they will have a warm heart towards him in November ; that such Democrats as we havo in Michigan were honest, loyal, and to be trusted, but that the party hold the Union to be a league rathor than a nation ; that he hadn't read Tilden's lettor of acceptance very closely, but if he oould digest it he would teil thoin more about it when he comes again ; that he feared Mr. Tilden was a shani reformer, and much more of tho same sort. And telling them this, ho failed to denounce the corruptions of the party in power, or to guarantee for Hayes any better administration than we have had uuder Grant. In fact, the audienco was left iu doubt whether or no Mr. Willits knew that Hayes was the Republican candidate. He didn't get this side the rebellion. CoJíGRESS adjourned sine die on Tuesday at 7:30 P. M., and without passing tho usual number, at the last hoor, of doubtful appropriation and extra oorapensation bilis. So much to the credit of a Demoeratio House.