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Condition And Aims Of The South

Condition And Aims Of The South image
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Mr. Lámar commeuced by naying that it ►oilld not bo trüthfully asaortod that practico mil the peculiar aystcín of measuros adoptod 5y tbe preaont administratiotl domniandoil the ípprobation of tho majority of tho peoplo, but :hat, on tho contrary, tho sentiment in "rtrbich ,he American poople regarded tho eonduct of ;he national aífiúrs waa ono of vory docided iissatiafaction and dospondeney, accompaniod n'ith a strong doairo for a change. Thore wa i deep and itn ouh protest agunat the methodH 3f tiio administration, tlift tono and character :f tho public service, and the principies of leglation that had markod thoactionof tho Oovornmeut for many yoars past, and yet it Was remarkablo that this popular f eoling had DfiO :luoed no chango in tho ulimniHtmtioj.-. Such 3, developmont of public Houtiment ia Eugland wonld havo produced a change in tho admiuii-trativo agoncios of tho Governuiout within twonty-four hours. Ho did not beliovo that tho apprehension growing out oL tho unitc-d support by tho öouthorn peopio of the DeViocr&tio paity was woll founded, or that it shoutd tand in the way of tho aspirativa of a great ptoplo for progresa and reform. The idoa that tl?.o South, uneïer any combination o: partiea or circumstanfioa, would ever again ob taiu control of thin great ropublic and wield itH destiuies against tho will and instinct of tliiH mighty peoplo, waa of all ideas the mout visión ary and basKens. Tho pcoplo oí {lio houtl woro proBtrated. ïhey had been duf eated in war, and made to feel that öaorifieo and buiuil iation and tho helpleuBncHS of dofc-at liad been allottod to them a thoir nhuro, whilo tlie Nort! liad reapod tho-rich reaults of a victorioua war and had embodicd and guanutteod thom in the Tery lifo and coiistitution of the uatiou. llic insStutions of tho South had been nhattorei and deötroyed. Her influitric ïiad bercn diaor ganized. every foot. of iior fcriilo nou stcril ized by an all-dovouring taxation ; Jior educa tional interests waning and languihliing, sni hor pypuluüou va so foeble in cumpariaoi witt that of tho groat Union, thut with th South united, "black and white," it (ronld b impotent to íieciu'o a singlo Southorn man or to deíend a ainglo iJoutiieru interest. I was, therefore, absurd for a ' groa ppoplo to approhend that tho peu ple of tho South arrogated to them bcIvos the ruling of the intorests of this greu ïmfion. Thore was uo aupiration which the hui that was not bouaded by the horizon o tho Union. If thoy wero united with tli Democratie party it was not for tho purpose o Becetítíion and aggrandizem#nt. It was not fo tho purpose of reveroing tho policy of the Go cruniont, but it was becuuse they obaervod a instiuctivo and imperativo law of eelf-preservation. He quoted from the reporta of tb Louieiana iuvostigating committees and from tho President' animal raefittago, in which h acl;nowli.dgt) 1 thut tho peoplo of tho tíouthhac hal vüo and oppresHivo Governmentö to hv ander, and he aUed how it could bo expectet to ïlnd qiiiot, ordorly, law-abiding communitie whono Clovernora More lawloaa felons, wl:oa miuititera wure thiovos and whoso woro Bcoundrcla. This raco problem wan no incapable of solution. Two statosmen enr'.i : Loi-d Dorby and Earl Ruaeell would eottlo it i threo daya. Tho people of the South woulc bo certarn towitliilrawfromparticition in th PieHiiloutial olection if tUoy could do Boj am let tho people of the Nerth oloct a Presiden but they could not impoáe on themselves tolid inactivity. All that. they wanted in uui( ing with the Democratie party was uot to rul Cabinetfl, not to diotito ]olicy, not to contro tho interest of the country, but they wanted repro -ientutivo aliare of the responsibilitios ant beneiitfi of a common Government accordiní; t the raeaaure of their population and raco. The; wcio now cj-operating with the Demoorati party under a diro and inexorable neceesity, aiu iu liope of gettingan aduiiuitration that wou] not be unfriondly to them, and that would no feel itaelf commissionod to exeeutc resontmen and oppresaion upon thom. Tlioy worked togo an adcainistratien wiiich, in place of tho force of conquest, subjugaticn, and dominatioi would givo amnoaty aiid restqration to th priviloCí of American citizonship - an admin ietrfition wliich would allow thoir States tb same eqnal righte as other States which wou allow them cquality of couHideration, equalit of authority, jiirisdictiou ovor their own a fairn, exymption from domination of electioi by bayoneta ; that would give local eelf-gov orcnient, and then the country wonld at lae aee the dawu of prosperity in all the industria enterpriBOs of tile North, and a real, grand re construction of tho Sontb. It would seo he spring from her confusión and distress rejoic in;,' in her nowly-acquired liberty, free, grea prosporou1!, her sous and hor daughters c; evory raco happy' in her anule and greoting th ropublic in the words of the inspired poe "Thy geutleness has made theo groat Loud applauso.]


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Michigan Argus