Press enter after choosing selection

The Nation Aroused

The Nation Aroused image
Parent Issue
Day
5
Month
January
Year
1877
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

Tlie Uon. J. B. Stallo, at the recent monster meeting in Cinciunati, called to appeal to the conBoience and jndgment of the American people, and arouse them to the d&nger that threatora thom, made a powerful speech npon the l'reeidcntial question. He öaid : Mk. Chairman : The difiicnlty and peril of the silnatiOD, in my judftment. reeult froai the fact that there is a largo niass of voters who are wholly ignorant of the real question now at issue bet ween the contending partiea. Tbe only coutribution which I expoct to malie to the discusaions and deliberationn of this evening ia au attempt to state, as briitly and plainly as 1 can, this question. AN AXrEAL TO INTEIJ-IOENOE. As to the facc.-i to which tlmUjuestioii relates tliere is but little diapnto. It is admitted on all hands that of the votes actually cast for President and Yice President of the United States, the Democratie candidutcs have not only received a large majority - a majority of a quarter o' a million or more- in the aggregate, but that the votes cnat in the eeverai States upqn thcir face evidenced the eleotion of a deoisivo ïuajority of Democratie electora. The only theory upon which tho elootion ol the Jtepublioan candidatos can be claimed is that part of the vote in some of the Statei was 80 tainted with violence or fraud that it ought to be rejected ; that it has been 80 rejacted by competent tribunal organized for the purpoe of canvaamng and, compiling the votes under the !aws of these States, and that the votes remaining after this rejoction exhibit majoritjee in favor of a sutlicieut numbor of Republioan electora to socuro the election of the Rt publican cancidatea foï the Prosidoncy and Vice Proekleucy. This claim i, or i;t least can be, sei iously preforrod as to three States oniy - the States of Ixraisiana, Florida and South Carolina. It ia not asserted that the face of the rote in any other State has been wholly or iu part changed by any tribunal, oompetent or incompetent, so ai to affect the reeult of. the election. Now, if the claim thus made by the Republicans is not valid as to auy one of the three States just named, the Democratie candidates are uuqueatiouably elected. If, for instanee, the actual majorities of the votes of the State of Louisiana have not been legaljy cieslroyed by the action of the Returning Board of that State, Tilden and Hcndricks are elected, even although tho electoral votes of South Carolina are given to Haycs and Wheeler. Itisauüioient, therefore, and tends to shorten and urnplify tho argument, to limit the discussioia to the bingie case of the Louisiana vote. In regard to thia vote, the claim cf the Republicana, as I understand it, is this : The votes cast for the Louiaiana electors have been canvansed and compilad by a board expressly organiced undor the laws of that State, which has rejucted so large a number of theee votos that a Democratie majority of Beven or eight thouéand ia converted into a Ropublicau majority oí two or three thousand. The action of the board is claimed to be tina] and not subject to revisión on any greund by auy body or tribunal whatever. H is eaid to bs ia the nature, of a jndgment by a court of competent and ultime te jurisdiction - a court of final and last reuort - which caunot be quctitioned or impeached, collatt rally or directiy. That judgnient, it is allegod, may bo wroug, but it must bo acquiesced in, for it has all the force of law. Acoordiug to this claim, then, neither tbe questiou of the jurmJiction of the board, nor tu&t of the fairnesa, juetice, or logality of its action in any respect can now be reviewed or examined by auy peison, body, or tribunal whatever. ItEI'UBLICAN PAUTISAN MACUINKRY. In order that the nature aud scope of this claim of the ltepubhcans may be realizod, it is noceasary to recall a few fiets. The whole Government of the State of Louiiana is in the hands of the Republicana. The Government is upbek' by the strong arm of the Republiean N'atioral Exeeutive - by the army and navy of the Uuited Ktates, under the coininand of President Gránt. The hole machinery of the Lou'aiana electioaa is coiitrolled by WUliam Pitt Ktllogg, who calis himaelf the Republican Governor of Loui-iaua. This man, who, accordirjg to the report of a Republican Congressioual Committee, owoa bis ponition, cot to an election by the poople. bnt to the nianipulation of the popular vote by the Kepubhcin ltatuniinR Board, of whicb I shall have occasion to tpeak agaiu hercafter, appoints all tüo Supervisors of Rogiatralion, whoso decisión is iïnal and conclusive as to the right of any person to vote. These Superviaors desígnate the Conimiasiouor o( Election - judges of eleütion we couid cali them here - who Bummarily reject or receive any voto that is offered. Tüe vote is then pased upon by tbe Roturniug Board, oonsistiog now(although iu flagrant violation of aw) éxoluBivëly of Ropablicans, whose power to reject any part or the whole of tbe voto actaally cast is claimed to be absolute. And now it ia proposed to eend the result of the manipulatiou of this vote to the Ropubüean President of the Sonate of the Uuited States, who is to leceivo it without permiUing any one to question or iinpugn its vulidity. OBEY THB LAW - NOT THE MERE A8SEUTI0N OF LAW. Now, Mr. Chairman aud fellow-citizens, yon will agreo wlth me that tho claim thus preferrod by the Repnblicans is, to 6ay the least of it, t.xtraordmary. That tho voters of ono party aro completely at the mercy of the op pusite paity, the party in power, in reopect of the voto which is to determino whether or not thatpoi6ria to continuo without auy opportnnity of examiuation or soruuny as to the rvgularity and lairness of tho elección and tbe truth of the dtolaration of the result without any right of p.ppcal to an impartial tribunal, without any rneana of redreas m caee of fraud, corruption and an absolute falsincction of tho return, appeara to be a propositiou eo uttorly abhorrent to all sense of fuirueea and right, and ao entirely at war with all presumptions arising from the nature and form of our iiovernment and the spirit of American logislation that no intelligent man will asaent toit exotpt upon the clearest proof by an exiiibition of tho lotter of tho law. Aud yet, Mr. Jhairman, if such ia the law, I adu.it without hesitation that it ík our duty to bow to it in eubinission. I know f uil weil that civil liberty and civil ordor are poaoiblo oniy on condiiioa that tho Citizen obey, not only roaiOnabla Uws, bnt also unreaaonable lwa. if tlitse laws havo been enec'ei by propárly oonstituted )tgilative authority; that hesnbsnite, not only to juit jndgmenta and decrees, but also to uu i ast judgmeuts and decreo, if thcy are rondored by a competent tribunal. Bat before hia obedienuo at.d submission can tima be denvmded he c;rtiiinly has the light rtrat to aso9rtain whether tho authority to wiiich it is to be yieldod ín lawfnl or tos. 3h cisizen'a dnty ia to obey the law- not the mere anaartion of law, rOIKTS WEU, TAKEN. Now, Mr. Uhairman aud follow-citizens, tho authority to deal with the electoral vote of Louisiana, which ia claimed by the Republicana, ia quoationed at twopointa. It iadeuied, aud, in my judgmeut, juutly, that tho Roturning Board of Louisiana had any legal power to rejoct or iu any way to iuterfere with the vote actually cast, anti to substituto a lictitious Republican majority for n real Democratie majority on auy grouud or pretoxt whatever; and it is denieJ, furthermore, that it ia within the constitutional province of the President of tho Senate of the Unitid States to determino and declara tho result of the election. I propose to deal brittly with tho firat of theeo points, t:e legal power of tho Returuing Board, ie&ving the hul.j-.wl of the couatitutional functions of the Presidont of the National Sonate to the other gentlemen who have addreased you and are to addrees you this evening. Withont toucbingnpou thequesticn heUier or not it wa competünt, undur tho constitution of the United Mtatea, for the Legislature of Louisiana to confer upon auy tribunal or nody of men tho power to chauge, in any way, ;he actual resnlt of the voto for eluctors- a question which haa beenanawored iuthe nogaivc in a remarkable letter recently addressed jy Oeorge Ticknor Cmtij to the United Statea ionator froLj New York - and, without oxamiuüg the other question, whether or not the i constitution of the S ate of Louiaiana, in exwesa and unmiatakab e terms, prohibits tlie exereite of the judicial functions aeaurued by the Returning Bjard, I desiro aimply to reproduce the argument contained in tiie addtcsa rooeutly isauod by Gov. Palmer, Judge Trumbull, Mr. Juiian, Mr. Smith, Gov. Bigler and Mr. Watson after tho rosult produoed by the operationa of tho KoHir.iing Boaid had been publisbod. In that nrument all the laws of I.ouisiara beaiing upon this subject are cited; rnd it appears to me that no one ho is willing to give it kis careful atteution can fail to aee that tho gentlemen jast alluded to aro unquostionab y snd undoniably dgbt in the oouclusions at wiiich they arrive, ii mtly, that the law of Louiaiaua never has BonforVe.l or attempted to coufcr upon tho Returninir Jkard any right or power to canvaas or souut tho vote cast for Presidential elector?, to pan upon its validitv, to reject it or any portion if it, to compilo it. to manipnlate it in any mj even to touch it; and that the action of i ;hat board was a sbeer, impertineut and : mdaciouH saiunption of authmity without ahy i varrai t of law. Here is the ur!iimait; il ia ko i iirop'e tiiat no uno Irto oan read eu fail to I ïLidarstttud i. i " The oonatituttoD o( the Uuited otates i RÏW. ' AH TO HLEG7ORS. " 'Each State hall appoint, in suoh mamier in the Legislature thereof may direct, a ber of electore, eqnaJ to the whole number of j Senator and Repreaentativea tú which the Stato may hs cntitlod in the Congrees, but no Senator or Ropresentative, or peraon holding au oftlco of truat or proflt under the United States uhall be appointol tn elec'or.' " Tho Lei3latnre of Louisiana ha either directed the manucr in which the electora sball be appointed or it has not. TheElection law of 1872 and amendmenta under whioh the Retsrhing Board ia created and acte rnakoa lo I provisión aa to tno manner of appointing e'ejtors of President and Vico President, whetüer by the Legi ilauiro or by a vote of the people, nor whether by the 8tato at largo or by Congregaional Diatricta, nor doee it contain any provJsiona as to the qualiileation of doctore, tho place whero they are to meet, nor f or filling vacanciea. Ssctiou 71 of that aot declaroa aa followa : 'That tliw act ehall txke ofliet frcm and after Iti passage, and that all othera on the subject of eleclion lawa be and the snmo are hereby repealed." Thia i notan iuplied but a direct repeal of all prior bleoüon lawa to which it refers, and if it repeals the previousaotof 1868, revieed In 1870, providing for tho appointmont of Proeidential electore, it repealsthe whole of it, and all iU provisión n, and there is no law of the State on that subject, and of courae the Baard wonld hve no jnriadiction to eau vaan votes for Biich cmoerg. If, on the other hand, tho aot of 1872 does not repeal the law of 1870, then Presidential electore mint be appointed, and the caí. vasa of the votea therefor must be made in acoordanoe with tho law of 1870, and tho Returning Board ha no jurisdiction over the subject, aa will be aeen by refcrenoe to aome of tho proviüiona of the Act of 1870, which are a followa : "'Seo. 2,824. Every qualifled voter in the State ahall vote for the eleotora aa followa : Two peraous BhU be aelected from the State at largo, and one poraon aball be choaen from cach CoDgresaional district in tuis State ; and in case any ticket ahall contain two or more nameB of persons reaiding in tho same district (excopt tho two chosen from tho StHe atlaree), ihe fimt ( f Bnch uaniea ahall be consldered aa duly vote for.' " ' 8ho. 2 825. No peraon shall be considered a quahfied elector who is not a qualified voter u the district for whioh ho is chosen, or. in caso of being aelected for the State at large, then of aorae pariah of the State.' " 'Sec. 2,826 iramediately af ter the receipt of a return from each pariah, or on the fourth Monday of Noveml-ei', if the returua ahould not sooner arrive, the Governor, in preaence of the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, a District Judge of the district in which the acat of Goveriiment may be established, or any two of them, sball examine the returna and aacertain therefrom the porsoaa who have been duly elected electora.' " 'Sec. 2,829. The elector ahall meet at the seat of Government on the day appointed for their meeting, by the act cf Congres?, the flrst Wednesday in December, and ahall then and there proceed to exeoute the datiea and services ujjined vipon them by the constitution of the United States, in the manner therein preecribed.' "'Sec. 2,880. If any one or more of the electora chosen by the people shall fail from auy cauae whatover to attend at the appointed plao at the hour of 4 p. m. of the day prefcribod for their meeting, it ahall be the duty of the electora immediately to proceed by ballot to fill auch vacancy or vacannies.' 8UMMING ÜP A8 TO LOÜISIAKA. "It is immaterial, ao f ar as affectg the jurisdietion of the Retnming Board, whetlier the act of 1870, relating to the appointment of Prcsidential Electora, ia repoalcd or ïiot. If repealed, thore is no law in Loniaima for the appointment of Pree idontial electora ; if not repealed, then the canvas of tho returns cast íor suoh electore muat be made by the Governor, in tho presenco of the Secretary of State, the Attoruey Genera!, a Judge of "the district in which the aaat o! Goverument may be eatablished, or Ry two of them, aa required by the act of 1870, and in making such canvaaa ' they would bo confiiied to the ascettainmont of the persona elected, accordiog to the re! urns, without ! au:hority to reject vtes. In no event can the li tnrniug Board have junadidion of the return of clejtors of President aud Vice Preaident, and their canvass of the aame ie, therefore, a nnllity, and entitled to no respect from any one. In another respset it may be important to determine whethor the aot of 1870 h repealed, for, if it is, the statutes of the State próvido no mode of filling vacanoiee in t ho Electoral College, and it is underatood that tno of the eleotoral candidatos on the Repubhcan ticket held offices of truat or profit under the United States at the time of tüe eleotion, and cciüd not, therefore, be appointed eloctora." Now tilín reasoniug appears to me to be ao clear, conclusivo and irrefutable that no intelligent and fair-minded man can withhold bis aasent. What thon, in view of this state of the law, is the real poeition taken by the Ripublioans ? Simply thia : Because four men, who hold no authority or jurisdiction over the subject matter wuatever have poeaeesed themeelves of the rel urns of the votes actually cast for electora in Lauisiana, have doctored and falsiiied them, forjing a resul t which is tho revorso of the trne reeult, and have undei taken to send a certifícate cf thia reault to Waehidgton, no one can now question or impngn it - ulthuugh thia outrige has the off eet of annulHng the will of the whole American people, lawfully expreaeei in their choice of a Presidtnt and Vioe President of the United States! Can anything ba more monatroua than tha statement oi auch a cluim ! What woulj you gay if fonr Domocrats, in thia State - the most reepeciable men, if you pleaae, men holding high oftice, but not clothed by law with any authority ! to me .Mie with the votes for electora - had in aome way poasessed themaelyes of the election return ín Obio, had arbitrarily throwu out tho vote of a half dezen counties or towuships on the ground that that vote waa the reault of violenoe er fraud ; had time counted tüo Hayes electora out and the Tilden electora üi. Ifthorcupon thia fraudulent and liciitiom result had been certifled np to the President of the Senate, and the Domocrats now claimed that there was no legal powe r any where to defeat this ontrage and to reach the truth behind the mere aemblance of authority aud counterfeit of law. wou d you heaiteto a moment to deuoiiLce auch a propo.-iúon aa nnflt to be broached in the preseneo of nano and rational men ? And yet that is the propesition now tlmnted in the f nee of the American people. EKPÜBLICAN MON8TROSITIE3. Obaerve, tho monstroeity of the llepnbliean proposition ia nono the les glaring, if you do not agree with me tbat the power assumed by the Louisiaca Ileturning Board waa a mere uaurpation. The Republicana aesert that you oan not iiiquire whethfcr it waa or was not "the exerciee oí rightfnl authority ; that you must take it for granted that tho anthority was ïightf nl simply br-cmn it was a: smicd ; 'that there is no tribunal in tho world where the question eau bo raied and decided ; that tven tbe Vioe I President mnst take the return of the board 1 as he finds it, aud proclaim tbe resnlt of the ! l'rcuidential electie n acccrdiugly. What thej Hay h in effect this : You Demócrata must submit to whatevor we cliooae to assert ; if you i!o not submit, you are guilfcy of treaeon or sedition ; we are in thepoesessionof the Government ; our President ha command of the army and navy ; right or wrong, we meau to inaugúrate Hayos aud Wneeler, and reeiatanee is nevolutior. lias it, indeed, come to thia ? ïo we hold our right to choose our law givera and rulora by mich a teunre ? But tbis ia not uil. 'Jho Republicana, or. ritiier, the present managers of theltopoblican party, not only deny our i igh t to inquiro into tho autliority of tho Retnrmng Board, but they also insittt tht tho v.-ilï.iity and binding torce of their action ia uot in the least affected, if they acted corrurjtly and in open fraud aud violation of the law from wbich they claimed to derive their authority. I bave before me a copy of the Election law of Lonisiana, which was given me by William Pitt Kellogg himself - the law which providee for the orgnnization of a Returniug Board ; and thesecond mcion of tbat law providcu not only that tho board shall consiet of members of aii politica! partiea, but ihftt "in case of any vacancy, by óe&tb, reeignation or otherwiae, by either of the board, then tho vacancy xhall be filled by the residuo of the Board of ReluniirigOfficsJS.'" Now, the Beturning Board wbicb couatod Huyes íd and Tilden ont consisted of fovir Republicana (two of thera Republicm oflïoe-holder, and one of them a iiopubliuan candidato voted for at the elcotiou, tho reault of which thoy were to declare), the only Democratie member having roeigned nome yearJ ko. Before this board began to " canvaH and compile " the vote, aa well aa af ter they had begun the r labora, tbcwo lïopubhcan membors wero requested agiün aul ggalu to iill the vacancy, so tbat the Democratio or cenaervativd party ehculd be represeuted in the board by ut li ít ono member. What did the four K.pabürane f ay or do when tLia rtqueat iiui'lo ': D.d they oomply with it? O.d they obey the plaiu man.iate of tbo law? Not at all. On the contraiy, when tlie reqneet was preferred by Col. Ziicbarie, on bebalf of llio Democratie commiitee, for tüe fifth oi'eisthtime, J. Madisun Wells, tlie predent of tho board, bad the audaciiy to make Üiis aiMflei: " In my juifonient the Democratie party lias forfeited all right to bc rfpresenlt'd in ttiis board by (Ac resignaiion of Mr. Arrayo," Mr. Arrayo being the Denncrat who resigned bis plaoe in tho board two yeara ago. T.iis utteranco hockel even tho compouitors of the Cincinnati Commercial to sucb ii dogree that they refuaed to print it au sent over tho wirea by tlie Aaíociattd Pres, and inaorted the word ' not '' before the word " forfeited ;" 80 that ths (Jeclarition imputad to Mr. WellH became tho rtverao of thal which he actually made. But all tho otlier papers printed it u I havo quoted it, and J. Madison WellH haa recently, in reply to a qutHtion put to bim by the Cougres8:.onal Gommittee, admitted tbat ho made it in opon noKoion of the board. And thst man in now i uoiiiioed by k Senator of tue Uuited Stte, frooi Líh aeat in tha Senaio, the peer 111 Uit i geuce aud integrity of auy memler of tliai l ugu8t body ! And one of the friendo of the i Senator liai, aoooraiDg to the report of an terview publiahed in the Cinoinni ti Gazrtte, deel red but two daya ago tbat, acoording to the judgment pronounoed In the higheat circlea ia Waahington. Hayes is fairly elected! We hear muob. of Mexican notiona and prácticos nowadnys. but 1 doabt whetber under the raggedest poncho jou conld find a Meiican bo baao tbat he woald not ahade hia eyes with the bread j brira of hte sombrero when ho gave utterance ; to aucb an opinión. A WORD IN YINDIC.vrlON OF A HLAXDEBED ' It ia alleged by Ihe oi-jans of the Kepublican party lliat Ihe condition of society iu Louiaiana ■ is uch, and the electivo franchise ie ally exercieed there amid uch violence aud Í disorder, tbat extraordinary miumrea mu-it of ueceeaity be resorted to f or the purpoee of purifying the resulta of the elections. In reply I to thii it would be Buffieient to aay that, if thia i were trae, Loui-iaa ought to be excluded i froni all particiration in the national olections ! at least. Hut the charge i-j denied ae ' cally as it is made, and before wc can be called to discuss the queation on which aide the truth lies we muat firet be provided with an impartial and logallv-constitutod tribuna). I have neillier the time nor incliuation to go into a diacuaaion of this subject tbis evening ; the mr.ttcr ia now under invebtigation before a Congreasional committoe. Bot in order to show that afiidavitB manufactnred in the New Orleaus Cuetom House do not constitute all the evidence upon the aubjeot, I beg leave to addnee a witnem whose intelligence and fairness will hardly be qneationed in Republiaan quartere. Early tuw year Mr. Charlea Nordboff, a gentleman who wae born, or at leaet txlucatod. in thia city, an old pupil of the Woodward High School, lor many years One of the editora of tbe New York Icoening Post, a Republican, and a friend of Gov. Hayes, for whom he bas voted at the 1 at electión, Mr. Nordhoff, laat year, apent four monthe at the South, and aout a peries of lettere to the New ïork Ilerald, whifih he baa jast collecttd in a pamphlet, published foy D. Appleton fc Co., under the title, ' The Gotton States." In thia pampblet he discuasea at longth the characUr of the partiee in Lcuisiana, their relativa numerioal atrengtba, the queation of violence and intimidation at the po'.la, the characttr and operatioLti of the Returning Haard, and eo on. I am told that your anouymous writer has ?enonnced me recently in the CiDcimiati Commercial beoauae I atated tliat tho number of w hito votors wits nearly cqual to that of the colored votera that tiere were very few white Republicana in Louuiaus, noopt officeholdera, and that the intimidation of votera waa by no meana chargabie to the Demócrata alone. Now liear what Mr. Nordhoff saya on page -11 of hie pampblet : ijuisiana's vomra poi-ulation. "TheBtiiteof Lonieiana had, aucording to thocennuiof 1870,87,076 white aud 80,913 black malee over 21 yeara of age. It has ince beenproved by uudeuiablo cridenco that tbe odnaua underotated considerably the number of wliitea. It waa taken in tiie summer, when many white people always leave tbe State, and the ceDaua-takera did not, it is asaerted, thorcughly record that part of the white popolation which ia acattered over the pine billa back of the bottom -lande, on wliieb a large number of white farmers are aettled. I auppose tbe truih to be that Louiaiana haa tc-day at leaat 10,000 more white than black votrs. The Conaervativea claim at leaat 15,009 more. " Now, in the electión of 1874 partiea were divided, nnhappily, almoat entirtly on tlie oolor-üae. Mr. Packard, who uuitca in hii pertion the two important, and I ahould think noongrnou, offices of United Statea Marshal snd Cbairman of ti:e Bepublicau State Central Committee, told me, in New Orleana, that onlv 5,000 wliitea voted tho Repablican ticket in 1871, and that the f ame number of blacka voted with tbe Conaervativea. It ia, 1 1 hink, a fair statement that, witti the exception of the oftice-holdere, State i and Federal, and their relations, there were no white Republicana in the State in 1874, er, at furtbeat, but an mappreciable number. The rcaaon for this conduion of thinga 1 ahall trv i to explain. It muat aañice now to Bay generI a ly tnat the inefriciencv and corruption of the State Government in all ita paris - leaving lawleaauees unpuniahed, countenancing the moat moustrons and ahameleaa fraude, and continued thus for aix diagraceful yeare, at laat nnited all the whites in one party, whoee aim waa aioiply and only to onst. the thievea. Oyposed to them in 1874 etood the miera with almoat, bnt not quite, the whole negio population at their baoks." A8 TO ISTISUDATION. And, again, on page 11 : "6. Aa to ' intimidation,' it is a aerious mistake to imagine thia exchwively a Uemooratio proceediug in tbe Soutli. It haa been practioed in the laat three yeara quite aa much, and even more rigorously, by the Republicana. Tho Federal United State Marañal haa usod cavalry to intimídate Demócrata. Similarly, Federal officera confesa tliey did in Alabama and elnewhorc. The negroes are the moat Bavago intimidators of all. In many localitiea which I visitcd, it waa au mach aa a negro'a life waa worth to vote the Democratie tioket ; and to rofiwo to obey the cancu-s of hia party eauaed lrm to be denoutcsd aa ' Bolter, and to be foraakou by hi8 friende, and even by bia wifa or Bweetheart. That there baa alao been Democratie intimidation is undeniable : 1 ut it ójea not belong to the Southern Kepnblicane to compiaia of it. In North Carolina a leadicg and intelligent negro teld me tbat he and otbere of bU rac3 were opposed to the Civil liighte bill, but they did no: dare to Iet their opposition be known, becaune, as he said, tliey would at once have been denounced among their people, and would have lost all intluence with them. In Wilmington a young nt gro lawyer wsa mobbed by hia people, becauae he ventnred to oppoaê corrupt candidatea for ofiice. Thia wan told me by a colored man." And again, on pae 53 : ' ' Several of tbe mot prominent Republican ■ dans of New rrleana have told me poaitively ihat the State waa peaceable and quiet from 1868 to 1872, and tinco then tho wtiites ' had been diasatinSed maiuly becar.se tbey lx i lieved sincorely that Kellosg was not fairJy i elected Governor, and that hia rule wae that '■ of a naurper. If Gen. Sheridan ever tnrna in I hia famous list of 2,500 murdera, and if he puta dates to them, it will be found that the political murders happened before 18G8, with tbo exception of the Coushatta and Cotfax affaira. The corrupt judge who olaima to have been driven out of Natchitcchcs parish aaurea me that that parish waa one of the moat quiet in the State until 1874, wben he and a swindling tax-collector were drrven out. aojiE noniEa. ' ' That pariah haa booome ao notot ious as the moat unrnly in the State that I have taken eome paina to ascerta:n the facta : because there, if anywhore, persecution of Northern men and negrota wonld be found. Now, then, ftnst, an official report, properly anthenticated, of the murdera committed in this pariah from 18G8 to 1875 lie i befóte me. They nnmber 41, aud of theae were shitoa murder d by whitw, ' 18; colored murdered bycoloml, 13; whiteaby colored, 4: colerod by white, 3; wliitea by an uukuown person, 5; colorod hy uuknowo, 1; oolored by officera of juatice in BEi-vng proe, Sj Indian by a white man, 1. Somebody i may object that bis record ia not come!, but to that tho reply ia that t) e pmsh has boen a!mo!t coutinual y siuce 1868 under Ií jpnblic m ctTicers, and that the corone r is roputed here, as elaewhere, to be an ctticer very z-iicm in i he collection cf feea. It i not creditable to ! the Republican rulers that for theae forty-one homicides not ono man haK"becn hanged, and ; only one haa b.tn puuuhed in any wuy. I abould add Ihat tuero is no evidonco tbat any oí th(B3 murdera aroao outof political causea." la another place, píge 35, referring to the aame aubject, Mr. Nordhoff saya : 'The öutlB has hfty-seveu panshes. Most of the tliirteen of whioh X have given returns have a popula; ion nearly equally divided between wliita and black, aud I suspect tho ügnre3 give more Lhau an average nuaiber of miirJers of whites by whiten, and lesa than the average nnmber of blneks by blacku. Plaqnemine, for inatancp. not couuted in the above. regiatered, in 1874, 510 wbito and 2,lüü black vottrs, aud the ro I fonud that Uiere had been, sinco 186S, tbirty-three murdors, of wbich thirty-oue were of blaoks by black?. Thero ís good evidenoe for the statement that tho large majority of niunloiH in the State in the last six yours woro of blacks by blseka, instigat&d by whisky aud jealousy. The negroos diink lee s j wbieky this year thau two or throo years ago, when they wore getting mnoh higher wages ; but their (Iemand for it !b sq etrong that I liml the planters generally feil it to tlicm iu the little plantation-stores, having discovered that if they did not, their hands would be running off elsawhere to get it, or some negro would i peddle it in the cabitm. Tlie plantation negrocs commonly carry a rszjr as a coucei)e:l Tpeapon, and, abaurd aa this ucems as aweapou of attack, they intliet eerions and often fatal wounds with it. The razor seomg to ba their favorite weapon elaowhre aso, for I fouud it so in Delawcre. They tako to it probably because it is the chospeet tooi with a keen cdge. FAIl.L'KK OF KIirDBLlCAN GOVEKNSIENT. ' It is not only a f act that crime has no been punished iñ the State under tLe Heputlican rale - ueither crime sgaiust the peraon nor agaiast preperty ; but there is great oomplaiut t'iat the pardo.iiug power haa been abtieed. I have f o.ind but one retnrn on the subject, which ehows certatnly a liberal uae of tlÚH prerogaiive. From Jan. 1, 1873, to Marcli 5, 18V4, Oov. Kellogg panlouod tbirteen mur - don rb (almost one a moutb), bo-idGB tsix men oonvioted of manslaughter. The wholo niiu: ber of p&rdous duricg thia pertod was oightjfonr, nnd among the oifenses thua condono 1 are poiaoning, rapo, shooUng into a dwelling, Luiglaiy, assault with inter.t to kill, perjury, and bribiug witnessea. Now, wheu 80C;ety is eaid by Gcv. Kellogg to be in a diaordcred state, and wben he himself acknowlcdges, bh be did to me. that ciime is not generally punished, surely it is a se.ions error to pardon with bo freo a hud peisons L'onvicted of such grave and dangeroua crimes as I have luentioncd. Il eau not fa'i to iuproase disorder. Uubappil--. it cannot bring Ihe coariB iuto greater oonteaipt tlmu :lu.ir ener&l corruptiou and iueflU'ienc.v II r the itate. and from the 1 jweat tntiie lu'glin-t Imt ürtady bioaght hxd tlieni.,' And now bew wbxt Jlr. Kordlwff bM to ny bout the obaraoter of the oonstitution of b. RopubUcan party and of the BatnrnZ Lki I rcail from page 43 : K M. " You can not travel fer in Louisinr, ont discovering tbat the politicianB whn name of the Repnblican party rnE V" bave done so for the laat Beven TekV ■ u ': derartmeuts of its Oovornmeut, State anrt !" f" are vehcrnontly ard nnanimonslv lirf.T' the white peopl. 1 have been ai.zt d ï? L how al] whito men, and nmiy blaoks t ' own knowledge- whefher rich r pCOr Jk i merchante, mechanica er prcfe-sionair' whether Amoricans, Freccli. Gf-rmtn-Tri 1 ; Italiaan by birth ; abaoiuUly al], (i?!? oflice-holders sud thurrilstivea- unitei ,' f eeling of detettition of thoir iuler t? pressos itself bo vividly at U10 polla 'tw ei noticed beíoro, oi.ly 5.C0ÍT wbitw out f "' 9l, 000 miprortidthfliepubliean ticket attli" elect on, and it ia a f act that most of theseisnt! are office-holder, the greater partare h. in the State, and veiy mauy of them" justly be calied adveuturera. It jB „ ' versal a stntiment that I have f ound aaiS" a oolored mau out of office wh did notí: plain to me that the Republican white faitbless to tl:eir duty as tbey belie-seUuru aide would be. """ BI PUBLICAN COBfcTrraoH. ' Now, thi smal 1 band of whito aen h,e , , more than six yearn monopoiizod dj; poiit power and preferment in the State. ïwt; levied, oolifcoted, and snent (and largo) pent) all the taxes- losal 'taxoa as mi,' Btate ; they have not only made all tlieiu butthey have arbitrarily chaDged them. ■ have miserably failed to enforce aov wb were for the people'a good they Weot:' and tcandaloualy oomiptod the colorea e '. whom they bave brought into poütioal E they have used nnjuat Jawn to perpetmte m extend tteir oto power ; and they hate . ticcd all the baaeat arts of h Jlot-BtnfSi tiL ' refjiötration, and vepeating at ol&ction ibi election. " In the last election it was proved befort . committee of Congres that the Repnblit " leaders had, in the city of New Orletna i male no leas than 5,200 falne rcgUtratiou 1 few dajB ago I went down the rivertoiUgj conrt, in order to Bee the working of 1 n, jury. The oourt had to adjoiirn fcr lack 5i jury, and no panel had been drawn beat the names being taken from the regbjtn1Iil8 of the parish, thirty-six out of forty-wtt 1 were found to ba fictitious - and thie inii try parish. Tbe Republican ReturnicgBjif; waa condemned as a transparant frsnd brtr Congressional Committees. and haa, w f): ,, I know, no defender in Louisiana or in ■;,. oountry," And in another place, page 53 : "Te Republican party in LiniriiaBs mvj.-, a great many men who were bitter emu I iat, not only dnring, but after the nu. (i; of the most conspícnous Repnblican ffioc bef ore the Congrefaioual eommitteewithm plaint?, and who was proved there and Üai decumentary evidencO to be a rogus, . Breckinridge Democrat bef ore the vu. t otl r, Green, -ho admitted that be ui ü sons held pretty much all the oflices in IigA psrish, mbde a speech in tho Ltcialstoe aftr the war advocating payment for olutee, Ir] mention dooua of such cases.' Yon will oDeerve, Mr. Chairman and feller eitizenB. that if the re is truth in the Btory! by Mr. John Sherman and others in thar er. mnnication to the President, it is not il fa trutb. As I have said, investigalionamti? in progrese whioh will enablo the put:: form a reaonably trustwoithy judgmeKc: the f acta hearing upon the charges which br been 80 recklessly made against thepeofki the Bouth. And right here I deern it mi :r 1 3 eay tbat aa a Northern citizen- aa oieitn 8ym[athies during the warweie withtheC:. and wilh the effortH to establieh fieeñ ' thronghout the land - I feel humi'iwi l j mortifled by the fepirit in -whieh, s thie time, eltven yea after the c!omíI war, Ropublivan npealiei1 and jouraii-t with the men of our blood and kin in I Southern Staten. Undoubtedly the; ei wrong in entering upou a rebeliion (a íi sake of aiavery, but they have been dtftot aud acoepted in good faith all the conseq) of thoir defeat. They would be mote lis hun Rti if they had been ablo to diveatll selvi s corapletely of tho f eelings envenden by the war. But on tne whole tbeyhtn newed their loyalty and attachnient to i Union and their relations of frateraitjii the pee ple of the North with a degreeo! 'm preseiblo affection whose very etinm 1 touching in tha exUemc; and I is the man who, at this moment, ti men claiming to be tho rcrreaenWia of tbe Republioan party of the Nonbn plundering them of the pooi r6mnant ot '■' poBsfsiions which tliey were able toeiTüri tbe ravages of tte late sectional mr nina to give them a fair hearing, and eageri? p at every foul stander with which mentleHI logg and nis abettora seck to aeatrojik I tlie only tbing which is left to tl ei-ü character 88. honest citizens aud bnve w There aró innumerable cx-relwls, soils who are bjker and more loyal Union teen: day thsn the prominent mapsyere ot thit publican party ; end thfcre iaaW land whoue hánd I wonld grasp isitt w. pride than that of the present GoTenK South Carolina, Wade Hampton. WHAT IS AT STAKE. Mr. Chainnan, there are many other (!"- perhapg, more germano to the sntgectda dsliberations thU evening, upn J would Jite to talk ; but I havealreartjoa mciethan mydue share of the timen" commacd. I contant mjse'f, therefort : couclnsion, with the simple expre8íiil hope and trust that tho preeent uatattsi oontroversy botween the conteudingpni'be peaceably settled. There is nothingijjl in tho dignity or in the power of the F! deucy wbich is worth the êh&akl'r ona "(h-op of human blood in angtr there is one thing at stake in this criiis ! wlüch no eaorifice ii commencuratt-uiíis the preaervation of the fundamental & Uods of our libarty. The poople of Uit ' ted States are a law-abiding people ; thert_ tbe value of peace and the coat of wj sad aud recont experiecce. Bat they ww I and, in my judgment, osght not, to COM" I any compromiso or settlement of thefW I iïsue upun any basis other tban tbt t honest and fair application of tbe terna c. - oonetitution and law, as interpret, light of thoíie rules of right oí wo ■ were iutended to be the embodimeoi 1speciücatioD.

Article

Subjects
Old News
Michigan Argus