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Southwest Winds And Fruit Trees

Southwest Winds And Fruit Trees image
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At a recent meeting in Chicago of the Nursery and Tree-Planters' Proteotm Assooiation, Mr. H. W. 8. Cleveland read an elabórate paper on the deleterkras influence of southwest winds on fruit trees, whioh he regarded as one of the most terrible enemies with whieh the horticulturist has to contend. In 18á3, in New Jersey, he first notieed that ali nis peach trees had a lean to the northeast and the branches a trend in the same direction. This was due to the f act that during the season of early growth in April, May and June, whiíe the wood was full of sap and the young shoots had not acquired the elasticity of mature wood, the wind was often ' ing for seyeral days from the Southwest, I holding them in constrained position till ' they had lost the power of recoyery. He j nextobserved that other trees were simi i larly affected, especially willows and silver poplars, and that it was conflned to no part of the country, but that it was easy in traveling to teil the pointe of the compasa by the trend of the trees in exposed situations, which was in varia - bly toward the northeast. The mere i ! mechanica! injury to the foliag is a serious evil, btit the worst effects are i those which come from its absorption of i moistnre and vitality. Grapes that j fionrish in Southern Italy and California I i coiud not be raised in the eame latitude i in New Jersey except under glass. Coniing to Chicago he notioed thatthe wbole región on the eastern side oí Lake Michigan, even as far north as Grand Traverse, was the home of the peach, and the grape, and of many yarieties of forest trees aud shrubs, while on the west side their culture was almost as impossible j as that of exoties. The feature which I the east shore has in common with Southern Italy, California, etc., is, that the southern wind before reaching it must pass over a great body of water, and, instead ofjparehing vegetation with it flery heat, it comes laden with the i moisture it has absorbed from the ocean or lake, and wherever this condition of things exist, the same result isfound. Therefore, other circumstances beiüg equal, a situation having a large body of water lying to the south and west possesses very great advantages for the growing of fruits and delicate trees. As only a small portion of fruit-growers can avail themselves of such a situatioD, the question of vital interest is whether other meana of protection cannot be found. Observation and experiment show that a complete shelter from the apath.w.ÊSfcjjind is all that is necessary. planting, and in so placing our orchards as to receive protection by woods, and, if possible, huls also, on the side from which the danger comes. Another measure of protection from I the drying effects of both wind and sun is mnlching, by which term is meant a great deal more than is commonly understood by it. Leaves, chip dirt, dirtstuff, straw, cornstalks, tan-bark, or any refase vesretable matter mav be used with equal suocess. Tbey slioníd be applied to the depth of six or eight inches. The result will be that the soil underneath will be kept moist, and will be fllled with fine fibrous roots just as it íb in the woods under the natural tanlching of leaves which cover the gronnd. The parching of the foliage will be no longer seen, but on the contrary the leaves will preserve their verdure and the growth be much raore luxuriant.


Old News
Michigan Argus