The first section of this bil!, which bcGame a law on the 12th nst., provides thut the President, with the advice and consont of the SÃ¡nate, may appoint one Major General and two Brigadier GenerÃ¡is, in addition to the present military establishment, with the proviso "that ivhcn the war with Mexico shalt be terminaU-d by a definitive treaty oÃ peaco duly concluded and ratifiÃ«d, the niimbÃ¶r of major generÃ¡is in the army shalÃ be reduced to one, and the nurftber of brigadier generÃ¡is shall be reduced to two Ã and the President of the United States is atithÃ¼rized and directed to select from the vvhole fiÃ¼nÃ¯ber wliich may thon be in office, wilhout regard to the date of thoir commis.sions, tho number to be retained, and cause the romaÃ¯nder to be discharged from the service of the United States." Sec. 2 gives tho President the right, under the act of May 13, 1846, lo cali into service such of tho general ollicors of the rnilitia as the service, in bis opiniÃ³n may requifÃªi and toorganize inlo brigades and diviwons the forces aÃ¼ihonzed by said act. SectirmBSnnd 4 prÃ³vido that the fiuM and slaff of a seperate baltalion of volunteers, uivf or tle aid act, shall be one leiu toÃKKitooloneJ rnajor, one adjutant, with the rank of lieutenaÃiÃ one sergeant major, one quarter master sergeant; and a chief fcuglar or principal musician, according to corps ; and that the President may limit ihe privatcs in any volunteer company. according to his discrotion, at from 61 to , 100; and that with every additionai volunteer company an additional 2d Jieutcnant nmy be allowed and accepted. Sec. Ã¶ provides lliat when voluntcers or tnÃ¯Utf ar called itito the service of Uie United Statos in such numbers that the officers of the quarierruaster, com-nissary, and medical departtbentÃ, authorized by law, are not suÃTicicut to prÃ³vido for sup plyiDg quartering, transporling and fiirnishing them with the requisite medical attendance, it shall be lawlul for the Pres ident to appnint, with the advice and consent of the Senato, as many additionai ofllcers of said departments as the service may require, not exceeding one qunrterniastcr and one commissary foreach brigado, with the rank oÃ" major, nnd one aseistantquai termaster with the rank ofcop;an, one assistant commissary with the rank ol captain, one surgeon and one nssis'nnt surgeon. for each regiment, who bhall be ollowcd the same pay and cmolutnents asare now allowed (o oilicors of iho same dcsciiption and grades in thoso departniems respoclively ; and lhat thc-y bo subject to tbc rules and anieles of war. nnd continue in service only so long as their services slall be required, in counexion with the miliiia and voluntccr5. G provides for the appoinlmcnt of ae many additionul assistant adjutant generala as may be nenecssary, the number not howevcr to exceed 4, to serve only so Jong as the exigences of the service may endcr it necessary Sections 7 and 8 relate clmfly to promÃ¶tions, and that in Ihe qtiartermaster department, prÃ¶fnotions to the rank of major Ã©hall' bc made from captains in tho army, and lhat nppointments in iha line, and the general klÃ¡ff, which conler equal rank in rlio army, shall not bo beid by the .sume oflicer at the same time ; and when any Ã³tticer of ihestafFwho may have been tallen from fh'Ã© line sliufl, in viiicre of jjeniorÃ¯y, IwvÃ³ Ã¶btained or bo eÃ±titled to promotion toa grade in hisTcgimenl equal to ihe commission he rnny hold in tho sÃaÃl, the said ollicer siia',1 v'acate bis rommision m the linÃ³. Aids-dc-camp' of tho major general co'm'tnanding the army in timo of war, niay be tukÃ³n from the line, without fegaid to rank ; and the aids-de-camp alhnvod to oiher major generÃ¡is and brigadier gÃ©ncrafs niay be Otlion irom tho grade cÃ¯ captain' or subaltern ; and tliÃ³ omnin'nding Ã³r hÃghest general in rank may whil'o in th6 field, OjVpoÃnt a military secretary from tho subaherns of the army, who 6ttl have the pay and omolumcnls Ã³f a' rÃ±ojor of cavalry for tho time being. SectrÃ¶ii 'J alloW's 0,56 pr mÃ³hth to Ã¨ach' voÃ¯untcej1 non-commissioned otlÃ¯cer, iViusician n':id private, for fciothingV and sectiÃ¶n l'Ogivcs them, whcn calied into the service Ã³f the United States, fifty cents' in lieu of subsistance, and twentyfive cents' in liou of lorage for such a's are mou'ntcd, for over 20 miles, by tho most direct route, fÃ¯om the periud of leaving their homes to the place of general rendezvoÃºs, and fronY the place of discharge back to their homes. 'the tiiti and last section provides th'nt the Colonel dr senior oflicer of the ordnat ce departmor.t i's authoried tÃ¶ enlist for tho service of iha't dopartment as ma ny master armorera, rnasior carriape makers, blacksmiths ah(Ã laborera as the public service, in bis judgment, under the dirÃ©ctionsof the Secreiury for the Dopartment of War, may require.Lewis Clarke has rcÃther Ã¡ t'ough quesUon for the Whigs wh'ifch' hc puts to tho: occasionally when they tnk nbotft Irberty raen voting for Texas. ÃÃo says, - "Supjioso part of the people iri your town are iH favor of increasing the rum shops- part aro for having them as they are, and nnother part aro for putting down all rum shops. The question s deeided by vote in favor of more drunkeries. Ouglit those to be blamed for that, who, opposed to all rumselling, would not unile with those who wished to keep drunkenness as itis? Will the Whigs answer the Kentuckian?