Uno of the most perplexing tbings with which this govornuiout has to deal, is the Indian problem. The original occapants of this country, the Indiana have been driven by the maroh of civilization into neighborship with the ltoclcy Mountaina, there to be cheated by agenta, taught the use ot liquor, and, trom various abuses ootnes - war. They settle on the Black Hills, ceded them through a solemn compact from the government, and before they are eomt'ortably domioiled, the inaatiate thirst for gold ioibues the adventurous white man to enter thoir dominion and seize the precious metal. Perhapa lio ia acalped, his fortn hung upon a limb of a tree to deoay. Though apprised of impending danger; though he merited the punishment he had a right to expect ; yet, hia friends appeal to government for redresa, and there probably comea out of it - war. Thus cheatud by sutlera and deprived of the sanotity of his realm, he does ex actly what any other human being would, calla upon the warriora of hia tribe and soeks revenge. Henee a re newal of the Indian Question, and th department at Washington ia furthe perplexed. In the early hiatory of the rebellion, a general could not move his troop without orders from the war departmenl The suoceas of our army was hamperec year after year through attempta to di reet its movements, hundreds of mile away from the theatre of conflict. Fi nally it was found that method of con ductwg campaigna would not do. Generala were clothed with authority to move on the enemy when they thought beat. Success followed. So will the Indian Question continue to be embarraasing and ocoasionally be the ineans of war, aa long ai they are entirely governed at Washington, thouaanda of miles distant. That Secretary Sohurz himaelf ia honeat in dealing with these warda of the nation no one doubts. But they ought to be turned over to the war department, and through ita officers, looated in the aection where the red man lives, their needs would be better known; being on the spot, they would know whether or not the Indiana, invaded by an army of sutlera, whisky dealers, tradera and adventurers, were intent upon making the tribea victima to ill-gotten wealth. It has come to be an acknowledged fact that the Indiana are swindled by poor and decaying provisions, shoddy clothing, rum, gunpowder and arma. This has become historical. It can be no worse, and we believe it can be materially bettered by a transfer of all the tribes to the control of the war department. If that faila, we can return them to the care of the interior department. ITNCI.E BAMUKL TO BE INVKSTIGATED. It ia ordared at iast. Öov. Tilden has long enough reated under the tion ot connectton with the famous cipher dispatches. Although he has by a letter to the preas denied ha? ing any knowledge of them at the time they flashed over the wires, yet, that denial has not been satisfactory to his enemies within and without the Democratie party. The Potter oommittee are ordered to begin in vestigation at once. If found guilty, there will be no politioal hereafter for him. If innocent, he is entitled to a Congressional declaration of innooence, which must forever put to rest the scandal. The N. Y. Tribune in the hope of killing him politically for 1880, will, if TJnole Sammy is pronounced guiltless, have vainly spent much time, money and Bpace in giving an exposé of the dispatcheg. Without espeoial solicitude as to what the result will be we await with some anxiety a vindio&tion of our leader in '76, and the one person whont our opponents fear in 1880. Mrs. Logan has triumphed, and "BlacV Jack" is to take Oglesby's seat in the Senate on the 4th of March next. Had Logan been re-elected two yearg ago, when he received the caucus nomination, Judge Davis would still have been upon the benoh, and would have been a member of the Electoral Commission instead of Jo Bradley. The casting vote would have been given by an honest, upright Judge, and Samuel J. Tilden would have been given the seat to which the people eleoted him. Logan's defeat at that time was a disaster to the Democratio party. His election now is a disaster to the Republican party which elects him. Logan was originally on the Electoral Committee which reported the oommission scheme. He declinad, ud Conkling took his place. Por unlimited oheek coinmend us to Ohio politicians. Not satisfied with four years of federal patronage under Hayes, in which nearly every other able bodied Ohioan has a hold upon the treasury, oertain newspapers have already trotted out 8eo. Sherman for 1880. And if Sherman doesn't prove aooeptable there are Garfield and Cox in reserve. If 'twere possible Ohio would cause to be passed a statute, making any other citizen of any other State ineligible to the Presidency. This of course is upon the theory that success in the next cainpaign is sure, without taking into consideraron the other party at all, whose candidate is muoh more certain to wipe his feet upon the door-mat of the white house between '80 and '84. As a "carpet bagger," the six weeks senator from Missouri, Gen. Shields, stands forth par excellence. This hero of three wars- MexioaD, Florida and the rebellion-has heretofore represented Minnesota and Illinois in the Senate. Now, he goes straightway to Washington to till the unexpired term of senator Bogy, deoeased, to expire March 1, when he will be succeeded by General G. C. Vest- whoever he may be. As a Senatorial itinerant, his equal never graced the roll of the greatest body of this country. We rejoice in the veteran's brief honor, for he deserves well of the people, scarred over and over again by bullets from the enemy, one of which passed through his body. Besides h is poor and needs the salarj.