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Farm Notes

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Cabe of Uellark.- If they are too eokl, bank up the óütsiáe with uomething, or place a doublé tbickness of newspapera over the windows. This Íets in Bpme light and prevenís the escape of heat. A doublé floor or firc in the room (net the cellar, will help te keep out the frost. A kerosene stove in the cellar may be used in extreme cases. Ventílate on suitable days, and clean out decaying vegetables and fruits. Engage Help. - Look about early in the season, and get your piek of hands in the niarket. Mftke a written bargain in detail, no matter if you are well acquaintiul. This will prevent raisundersbanding. The man agrees to remain a certain number oL months; to perfora) certain chores Sunday or holidays ; to start about such an hour in the Viorning, and close at such an hour in the evening. If, in case of an emergeney, he works longer, he may have certain privileges to compénsate for it. Iri case he quits before his timo is out, he only receives a certain stipulated sum. Calves and Sheep.- Lard and kerosene are good to keep ice from calves; sulphur mixed with salt is good to drive ticks from sheep. Calves, like all animáis, should be kept growing from birth to maturity. Here is one place where the profit comes in. There is always a loss of time and feed and more, too, by allowing young animáis to " stand still " for táx months or more of the year. Sheep are well clothed and need shelter from snow and rain, and perhaps from the very strongest winde, but cold agrees with them. Feed them well; give them plenty of water, in email flocks ; keep them dry, and they may stay out in the cold and thrive. A close, dark pen is a poor place for sheep. Wood, Tools, Ice.- Cut a supply of wood, posts, rails and logs for lumber, ready to be moved easily on the advent of sleighing. No thrifty farmer will leave thee things to be done in the busier seasons. Get wagons and buggies repaired and painted, as well as tools and implements for summer use. Make stone-boats, cut handspikes and stakes, and get ready everything which can be got ready. Snow may be seraped from tho ice to keep it clear and allow it to freeze thick. If you have never tried it, build a cheap ice-house, and enjoy a cheap luxury next summer. The cakes should be cut of even size, and set on edge close together. There should be perfect drainage at the bottom, but no access of air. Around all, pluce a layer of eighteen inches of sawdust. Look Behünd and Before. - Xow is the time to mako plans for the campaign of 1879. Take an inventory of the farm-stock and everythiug on hand. If this has never been done before, the proprietor will doubtless be surprised to find höw much he owns. Straighten up the books, and the little debts, and collect those due from neighbors. Small accounts should not run long. Trust not to memory. Arrange the books for the business of the year. Study over the plans considerably in detail, and do not wait till the ground is ready to plow before deciding what to do. Look over the past and study ihe good hints and the failures - whether all was done to the best advantage ; whether there WBfi too little or too much help. This should lead to botter plans for the future. Nothing can briug larger returns, for the time, than a few weeks spent in accordance with the above suggestions. CQWB. - Treat them gonerously and kindly, bnt do not keep them fat, ïinless they are to be tumed off for beef. A cow is a macliine, u laboratory for converting raw mateiials into milk. If little be giw n, little will be received. All animáis shonld have exercise, espcc-ially those kept for breeding. Home of them are natxirally Inzy, but they will be the botter for stirring about in the open air. It is eruel to keep animáis tied up or simt ii) for days at a time. They need light, too. Direct simshine exerts a powerfuí influence for good on animáis as well as on plants. Do not overlook a good supply of pnre water two or threo times a day ; or good ventilation and proper clearing of stables. When the ground is frozen and covered with snow it may be well enough, on pleasant days, to scatter the fodder, and allow the stock plenty of room to piek it up, but, when it is mnddy, no one but I a sloven will fodder on the ground. Good raaks should be made for the sake of convenience and economy.


Old News
Michigan Argus