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Farm Notes

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A while ago, a hired man was smoking a pipe while standing near tlie door of the stable. The door was suddonly blown back, knocking the pipe out of his mouth and scattering the fire in evory direction. The sparks were put out - but we were reminded that pipesmoking, even by the most careful men, ought never to be tolerated about the barn. - Rural New Yorker. Chicken Cholera. - It was very bad here last spring, and I will teil your readers how we cured it. For every forty f o wis we took a piece of assafoetida the size of a hickory-nut, broke it in small pieres and mixed it in about a pint of corn mcal, wet it thoroughly with boiling water, and placed it near 111 i-oosting pliicc , so that the chickons could cat of it the first thing in the morning. If they were not too near dead to cat, a curo was certain.- Letter In Oh o Farmer. Saddlk-Galls.- To prevent saddlegalls the saddle shonld bc Kned with some smooth, hard substance. Flannel or woolen cloth isbad. A hard-finished, smootli rawhide lining, similar to those of the military saddles, is preferable. Then, if the saddle is properly fltted to the horse's back, there will be no galls unless the horse is very hardly used." Galls should bc washed with soap and wat.r, and then with a solution of three grains of copperas or blue vitriol to one table-spoonful of water, which will harden the surface and help to restore the growth of the skin. White hairs growing upon galled spots cannot be prevented.- Nebranka Farmer. Few of us are sufliciently aware of the trae valué of our insectivoroua birds. From early spring until late autumn these rcstless visitors haunt the fields and gardensin quest of food,prying into every nook and crevice where the destroyers of our crops lie concealed. a countless host of which falls a prey to their busy search during the seasons of planting and harvest. Every bird that frequents a larm - 11 we except the hen-liawk and crow- comes to offer us an unpaid service whoae importance we eau hardly overestimate. Let anyone who donbts tbis watch a phcebebird or a sparrow tor half an hoor, and see how, with scarcely a moment's intermission.our Jittle insect-hnnter pursues his eager task ; and then let him reflect upon the necessity, the duty, of afford ing the birds every possible protection. - Exvhange. Feed fok Chicks. - Fill a bin w'th corn ineal, oat meal and middlings, each fifty pounds, and bran tenpounds; add and thoroughly incorpórate with the lot three ounces bone meal and one ouuce best Cayenne pepper. Put a pan of thick milk on the stove till the whey is formed and it is scalding hot; add meal to make a stiff batter, salt a little, al I . ■ i. ii oi )W eVeiJ ÍOHi lioiirs. If in setting nests you ftnd clear eggs, add two or three of them to the mixture fore baking. If yon can afford ït, add any way. This cake, wet with either milk or water, or crambled dry, is the most economical feed that can be given - economical not for price, but because it gives the birds growth material in perfection and in a shape that permits waste from neither loss nor fomentation. Enough can be made at once to last a week. If sour milk is not obtainable, make a soup of a few scraps of meat boiled to rags ; add potato parings, then add meal and bake as before. - Western Uur al. Fertility of Daiey Farms. - Much nonscnse is circulated in regard to the rapid loss of fertility of dairy farms, by reason of the carrying away of the phosphates in the milk. Now 1,000 pounds of milk contain about three to four pounds of phosphates, of which nearly the whole is phosphate of lime. Of this less than half is phosphoric acid. Five thousand pounds of milk, thcrefore, contain but seven and onehalf pounds of phosphoric acid, which mav be taken as the yearly tion, in this way, of each cow. As wheat bran contains '2.9 per centnm of phosphoric acid, it nectls only that about 250 pounds of bran be fed to each cow, yearly, to replace the draught upon the sou. There are few dairy cowsthat are fed less than this quautity of either bran or some food equivalent to it, and it is pretty certain that vory little, if any, phosphoric acid is really taken f rom the soil of dairy farms. On the contrary, to say nothing of the natural siipply in the soil, whioh slowly becomes soluble, there is good reason to believe that every well-kept dairy farm becomes gradually richer in phosphates every yCar. - American Agriculturist.


Old News
Michigan Argus