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The Political Situation

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Hon. Charles E. Stuart, of Kalamaoo has written a letter to the Kalama00 Gazette, criticising jthe address to ie Democrats of Kalamazoo County, ecently made by the delegation from lat county to the Democratie State onvention. Mr. Stuart, while recogizing the undoubted rigbt of the delejation to make such explanation to the )emocrats of the county as they saw it, maintains that they went too far, 1 assuming to release the Democrats f the county froin their political obliations. Mr. Stuart continúes : Now, my fellow Democrats, speakng for myself, and disclaiming anv uthority to speak for you or anybody lse, I mustselemnly and unqualifiedly jotil, llittt, if tllC llCvUtlctlluiiJ tir' ank political heresy, then political eresy is a myth. Statedbriefly and plainly, the docxineisthis; Delegates may go from lis county to a Democratie State Conention.regularly called and organized ; resent their credentials and take eats therein, particípate in all its proeedings, and if nothing is done whicli ley do not approve, then they and heir constituents are honorably bound y its action, however distasteful it ïay be to the delegates of any otlier ounties. But, if at any period in the eliberations of such convention, the lajority does an act contrary to the wishes and judgment of the Kalamaoo delegates, they are at liberty to jolt the conventipn. And by that ery act of bolting they not only abolve themselves, but "the Democrats f Kalamazoo" also, from any and all bligations, as honorable men, to suport its nominees. To state such a roposition is to refute it ; and its tolrationwould inevitably subvert and estrov all party organization. 1 cannot believe that our friends, when they come to review this doctrine of theirs, will stand by it themselves. How long is it supposed our fellow Democrats from other counties, would consent to meet with us in convention, and allow us to play this game, of "heads I win, tails you lose ?" It may be well in this comiection to nquire what are Democratie principies? and how should they be applied? They may be defined as being in all ■espects identical with the principies on which onr form of government is founded. And they are to be adminstered at all times by an enlightened statemanship, in accordance with the existing condition of the country, with he intent and pnrpose of securing and protecting the people in the f uil enjoyment of their rights of person and roperty, as well as their business inerests. And henee it follows that the ules and measurea by which they are ng to the ever chanering condition of our country. A most striking illustraoii of this truth occurred in respect o the annexation of the State of Texas. The question was broached durng the administration of General Jackson, and he and the Democratie party opposedit. AVhen Mr. Van Buen succeedsd Jaekson, he declared lus ntention "to tread in the footsteps of lis illustrious predeeessor," and there'ore he opposed it also. But the General immediately informed him that he was wrong; that circumstances had changed, and that the best interests of ;he country would then be subserved by its annexation. The Democratie party adopted this view, made it the jrominent issue in the canvass of 1844 ilected Mr. Polk upon it. and during lis administration annexed the State of Texas. It will, therefore, be seen ;hat a measure may be wise and proper at one period, and therefore Democratie, that it may require modifying at another and later period, and stil later, may become unnecessary and obsolete. This is empnaticauy true in regaru to the early Democratie doctrine, that "our paper currency should at all times be redeemablft in coin, at the pleasure of the holder." When that measure was adopted, all our paper currency was issued by State banks orjanized under State authority. Their capital stock was usually small in amount and owned by men of moderate means, and their bilis were not current, except in the vicinity of the bank that issued them. - Uhder such circumstances it was not only wise and proper, and therefore democratie, to require that they should be "redeemable in coin at the pleasure of the holder," but it was also lately indispensable for the protection of the people and their business interests. 13ecause, the only mode of testing the solvency of a bank was by its ability to redeetn its circulation in coin whenever presen ted. So, if a person wishes to travel, or todo business at places remóte l'rom the bank whose notes he held, they would be valueless to him, unless he could convert them into coin at bis own pleasure. It was nnder such circumstances that the Democratie party, ever watchful over the business interests of the people, made the redemption and convertibility of bank notes into coin, at the pleasure of the holder, a cardinal doctrine in its cr.ed. But as applied to a legal tender currency, issued by the United States, current and at par everywhere within its limits, and of equal f orce and power with coin, in all business transactions, it has not, nor can it have, any utility whatever. I therefore insist that our State convention in refusing to incorpórate it among its resolutions not only did not sacrifice"theDemocratic doctrines relating to iinance," but, on the contrary, that its action in this respect was wise and statesmanlike and in perfect accord with the time-honored principies of our party. I also regret that our f riends thought proper to introduce in their address to us the phrase, "honest money Democracy." It is a matter of questionable taste at any rate, and if intended to be offensive to us the proper reply is, that it would be were it not ridiculous. Do our friends know of any "dishonest money Democrats?" Do they even know of any "dishonest money?" Are they prepared to denounce United States legal tender notes, as "dishonest money '{" If not, would the substitution of them for national bank notes, make them "dishonest money?" And should the Tnited States, by its authority, adopt he views of Mr. Tilden, and 'furnish 11 that the business wants of the ountry requives," would that make hem "dishonest money ?" But I suppose that the real truth is, that we ught to pardon this to our friends and attribute it to the undue excite nent under which they were laboring when their address to us was written. ■"or we all know that the terms "honst money," "honest money Demorats," and "honest money Republians," is only "dishonest Republiean lap trap," originated in their so-called Honest Money League," and peJdled hrough this State by its secretary ind emissary, one Nichols, whose exenses were paid out of their 'dishonest eorruplion f und," and who was a ort of "political John the Baptist," .he forerunner of Blaine and Garfield, lis object being to prepare the way or them, to deceive and delude our people with the false idea that somevhere, under some stone or b ush or otten log, thero was such a thing as dishoriest money." Their real puro divert tlie attention of the )eopl3 trom THE GREAT AND UNDENIABLK FACT ?hat they were eing ground into the ustby unjust and unnecessary taxaion, at the hands of the Republiean arty. Ittherefore appears clear to me hat these gentlemen took a false step vhen they withdrew f rom the State 3onvention. To bolt a convention or ts nominees, for any reason and unler any circumstances, is always a tep of very grave import, seldom excusable, usually very damaging to tlie larmony and true interests of the arty, and consequently to the wel'are and prosperity of the country. have been a voting member oí' the democratie party fourty-seven years, ind I have never known one single nstance in which it could be justified. The bolt of Mr. Van Buren and his 'ollowers in 1844 lost us the Presidency, and seriously impaired the harmony of the party for years thereafter. r bolt of Cushing, Butler and boring, in 1800, diyided ana aeieaieu ;he party ; as they intended it should, ;hereby making secession possible, and paving the way for the rebellion - a :esult for which they were more directly responsible thau any other ;hree thousand men then living. Every one landed himself in?the Republiean party and then became a bitter and unscrupulous reviler of the party he had deserted. The bolters of 1872, by uniting with the leading rascáis in the Republiean party, and organizing a pretended Democratie Convention at Louisville the expenses of which were paid out of the Repubican corruption fund, succeeded in again dividing and defeating the party, while the leaders in the movement, like those of 1860, landec themselves in th.3 Republiean party and f rom that time onward they have been the bitterest and most unscrupulous revilers of the Democratie party its men and its measures. 'xti.= - - i .. , ta miïiot ilrant lip on the country a second time, üurmj, whose administration, corruption aiK theft grew and festered in every de partment of the general government By a system of espionage and out rage upon the rights and liberties o: the several States and the people, the freedom of elections became a mock ery, while by means of fraud and mil itary despotism, election results were f orced in several of the States ; con trary to the regular' expressed will o tlie people, in obedience to the treasonable dictation of Republiean leaders and to any extent required for success Legislatures regularly elected and or ganized were dissolved and turnee out of doors by Federal bayonets, anc mere pretenders installed in their places, for no other reason than a manly refusal to surrender to Grant and his party the trust conflded to them by their people, and, along witl it, their own rights and privileges and their sacred honor. To such an extent was this systen carried, that honest Republicans be came alarmed for their own safety, a well as the safety and welfare of the country. They determined upon the overtlirow of Grant and lus corrupt followers. Seeing this, their hearers imimplored them on bended knees, to try " Ilayes and reform within the party.'' They did try it and the result is before the civilized world. The spectacle is one whicli patriotic men of all parties, look upon with the most serious alarm. They see a man placed in the Presiden tial chair who was defeated at the polls, and who now holds his seat by means of TUK MOST GIGANTIC FKAUD, FORGERY TERJURY, AND MORAL TREASON Even practiced among men. If we look at the business condition of the country, the picture is equally dai'k and gloomy. Seventeen years of Republican nusrule and profligacy has paralyzed cvery industry, uankrupted millions and inllicted upon the people an amount of unjust and unnecessary taxation without a parallel in the history of our country. White, by a system of adroit and corrupt legislation, the great bulk of the capital of the country has been exempted f rom, any and all participation in its payment. Under these circumstances niayl not be pardoned for appealing to my fellow countrymen, to pause and survey the dangers which surround usj May I notask them, without regard to their fornfer party ties or afiiliations, to seriously and solemnly inquire, whether it is not the clear and patriotic duty of us all to lay aside all minor differences and unite together as a BAND Or PATRIOTS, and save our country and its institutions, while their salvation is yet within our power. Chas. E. Stuart. Kalamazoo, March 19, 1879. In 1C05, in the township of Easthani Mass., a regulation was made that eyery unmarried man should kill six blackbirds and three crows a year as long as he remained single, If he neglected this order, and wished to raarry, he was not allowed to do so till he had shot his f uil number of birds. The Constantine Mercury reporta the growing wheat in that part of the State badly winter-killed. Especially is this true where the winds blew the 8iiow off, leaving the wheat unprotected.


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