Cungress has entered tipon a contest which is destined to be memorable in histoty. I" thiscontcst party linesarestrict]y drawn. Iavolved in it are the fundamental principios respectively dividing the two great parties of the country. On the side of the Demócrata for free eUctions and against Federal interfercnce at the polls. On the eide of the Eepublicans it is a struggle to retain on the statute-boofe the obnoxious lawu pbiccd there by Kepublicans during the abnornialporiod of war and reconstruction; laws wliich were designed to destroy the f'reedom of clections and to secure for the Uepublioan partj', by intimidation, votis which would not come to it of their own untrammeled will. ïaking advantage of the popular reaction against "State riglits," caused by secession, the Ecpublican party was tusy for fourteen years absorbing into the Federal governluent powers ordinarily eiercised by and constitutionallv vested in the States. - If Southern secession was one extreme, Bepublican centralization has been the other. Both doctrines are equally dangorous, equatlly subversive of the ideas of the founders of the governraent. It is the mission of the Democratie party to restore the proper equilibrium between the States and the central power. That is what this Congresa, the first completely under Demoeratio control for eighteen years, is attempting to bring about. - Ainong thfl laws that grew out of the war was the one enaotedin 1865, authorizing the employment of troops at the polls. It was enactod under a plea of noceB8ity on account of the disturbed state of the country. That pretext no longer exists; the war is over, the Southern States have assumed their original relations to the Union, and tbey are nmply able to ensurefreedoin of elections to their own citizens. The time has arrived whon the Federal government Bhoulütane uaiias on. üiiecnuus at iuo point of the bayonet should no longer bo tolerated. Ex Secretary of the senate Gorham h9 been on the witness stand testifying now the Republioan National committeo raised and disbursed funds in the campaign of '76. In the close congres sional districts soutb nineteen received an average of f663 59 to a district while Northern distriets got each 1712. The Southern investment was not over and above profitable, if we may judge by the the scarcity of Southern Eepublicans in the present House. The darkeys took Republican money and bought bacon and whisky with ifc, and then - voted the Democratie ticket. The famine in upper Egypt is horrible. The scènes described resemble those in India during the recent famine. In oomo of ihc villogoo tlio pooplo olö past help, sitting naked like wild beasts, eating roots, and suffering with the endurance of despair. In one town women and children fought over scraps o bread like wild animáis. The case is believed to be still worse in the iulanc hamlets, where the villagers ore said to be starving like dogs. Hartford, Conn., has a big sensation Miss Hubbard, daughter of ex-Governo Hubbard becarae infatuated with he father's coachman and married him. - While instructing him in the rudiment of eduoation she feil in love with him. - The last heard of the fugitive coupl they had lef t Montreal for the west. Th father will make no effort to find hi ohild and will await her return in th future, sick of the bargain she made. Gen. Pitz John Porter was summar ily removed from his command during the late war, charged with treason to his country. After a long time, again and again unsuccessfully requesting hi case to have a re-bearing he failed t succeed until Mr. Hayes beoame Presi dent. The finding of the commíssion vindicates him, and the stain of treason removed so far as possible, at a late day A story, almost incredible, comes from Anderson county, Ky. Mrs. John Hor ine, on Thursday gave birth to five chil dren. AU are reported alive and doinj well. She is but 27 years oíd, and ha borne children twice before, the firs time twins and then triplets. Her hus band is a farmer in moderate oircum stances. The appointment of Andrew D. White President of Cornell to the Berlin mis sion ranks as one of the most creditabl a-ppointments of the adrainistration. - Eminent, in tfee world of letters, distin guished as a gentleman, he will reflec credit upon the country he goes to rep resent. Senator Sharon, of Nevada, who ha dnwn his pay for four years service in the United States Senate, it is said only eerved sixty-five days. He gets, for sal ary and mileage, at leaBt $25,000 for hi two months' service. Sharon is a Re publican, and of course a Reformer. The Berlin mission seems to be tb special Mecca of literary men. Amoug our ministers at the Germán capita have been George Bancroft and Bayan Taylor ;. and now President "White o Cornell is tobo added to the distinguisb ed list. He Didn't Tiiink It of Hm. - Sec rotary of State Evarts was a classmat of Kkv. G-eorge Duffield, Regent of th State Univorsity. A Michigan man wa in Washington recently, called on th Sueretary, who at once asked about lm oíd friend and class mate, Dr. Duffield.. The gentleman remarked that the Doctor had stood hih in the estimatïon of all the people of Michigan until he had iwforHinately becoiae mixed up in the Rose-Douglas matter. "Rose Douglas, Rose Douglas," said the Secretary, " Rose DouglaR, I never heard of her. Who is sheV But I amsurprised to hear of my old friend the Doctor, beingjmixed up with her.