A slight refreshing oí memory wul recall the tidal wave that swept over this country in the Oongressional elections of 1874. Among tbe principal reasmis that induced the votera to rise in their power and thrust aside an overwhehning Bepublicair majority was that of offitirtl extra viigance. The people could uot seo wbj it should oost so ínuoli to goveru tbis country. The increased expense was oat of all proportion to increased population. Therefore the totérs by their ballots saw fit to elect a Democratie bouse of representativas. - In obedience to the demaiid of the country 's tax payers, the House cut down theestimatesmany niillione. TheSenate tlit-n Eepublicnn, fouglit a reductiun iricb by incb, boping to keep all their t'avorites in place. Despite the persiatency of the Senate the House saved over twerjty millions of dollars per aunum. Any body who knows anything about pntronage at Washington uuderstands full weü that the federal capital aboundu with sinecurista ani useless office holders. lf holders of place were cooipelled to labor ten or even eight hours per day as do the great body of laborers in the other a-vocationa of life, twenty, indeed, forty raillions of dollars more inight be SHved. Six hours of labor - at least what is called lnbor - is all that is required, and a month's vacation with pay continued, is granted each occupant of place. If these favorites were coinpelled to earn what they receive, a reduction of twenty-five per cent of the whole forcé could be made with positivo benefit to the service. They areuow sothick that they sit in each other's way and really obstruct business. Every time a Denjooratic House ha attempted to reduce appropriatiunB, heads of departments would assert their inability to get along with any less subordinates. They had all they could do from the largest to the smallest salaried official. Now let us look into this statement. There are three Assistants cf the Postmaster-teneral, each charged with a special branch of the service, and all of theui are suposed to be constantly occupied, at least during the five or six business hours of the department. For the last three inonths the First and Third Assistants have been absent from Washington, makinga tour of inspection on the Pacific coast at the expense of the Treasury. Mr.Key, thePostuiasterGeneral, took Frenchleave a month ago, and is now wandering in the pine forests of Maine, on his way to the British Provinces. Mr. Brady, the Second Asñstant, has been doing duty for the three - that is to say, signing his name to official papers, which is the ohief oc cupation of this trio when in Washington. Mr. John Sheruian is engaged in improving his Presidential prospects by means of a series of partisan speeches. - Mr. Devens has retreated to Massachu setts. Mr. Evarts is in one place and snother, with hia headquarters in Verluont. Ancient Mariner Thompson f.fieJum5feps nistiïrïiij'ifit'spg Nmss'. Keforuier Schurz, wbo has hoisted the Sberroan flüg, is to speak in the interest of Foster in Cincinnati, and then take the world easy agam. Tue Fiuuduleut Prosident has luid out a programma ol free travel after sunimering at the Sol diera' Home at the expense of that instt tution. The heads of bureaus are acatU-mi over the country, and thousands of sulordinates report trom the gay waterinji places. Each clerk is allowed oue mout h in every year on leave of abstucn, with out loss of py. Beyond that time, reduction is made unless tor special reasons satisfactory to the head of the office. But the higher official are not limited to time for , and draw full pay, as if aotually present and performing duty. Tyner and Hazen, the two Assistants of the Postmaster-Qeneral, will not oniy receive their full salaries for a thre inonths pleasure exoursion on the Pacific ooast, but every dollar of their expenses, oomputed on the most liberal scule, will be charged to the general fund. A poor laborer working at the samedepartment would be docked for every hour he lost by rain, or accident, ormisfortune. And this is one of the difftrences betweeu the plain people' who toil and the officeholders who do not toil. During July the tre tsury paid away $8,694,600 for arreara of penBions, which ' finishes the fund that was held for the redemption of fractional currency, for which fund, however, there was indeed no further use. The net national debt was increased f6,086,344, it having been custo.uary heretofore to subtract the fund ab-jve aentioned from the statement. But for its disappearance the debt would have been decreased $2,608,250.88. There have been isstied altogether in four per cent. bonds $740,791,000. The newspapers have said so much about the degree given Dr. Chandler by the little one-horse colloge at Hillsdale, that its authorities have come to the front with a letter trying to palliate the gift to so notoriously an illiterate person. Say what the college may it was Zach Chand'.er's $1,000 present that bought it, and we have uo doubt more can be had at the same price. Whenever a Eepublicín newspapor of this state aids aud abets the Ghandler boom in the face of thefaet that the Dr. is not the type of man at all liable to receive the uomination to the presidency.it may be bafely assumed the editor of such paper is either a postmaater or wants to be, or holding a sinecure in the cutom house, or has reoeived the apIosnttuent to print the tax sale. - - i ■ r i,w Considerable discussion is going on in the religious press over tbe late Bishop Ames"s miserly dicpositioa. It is so rare that a clorgyman, espeeia.lly of the Methodist denumiimtion to lay up anjthing for the future and place himself beyond the supernumprary peusion rollv that the wealth of the daceased Bishop is a matter of surprise.