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The Cranberry

The Cranberry image
Parent Issue
Public Domain
OCR Text

Wehave received a circular from Sullivan Bates, Eso., of Massachusetts, on the subject of the cranberry culture, a partofwhich we copy. Mr. Bates we understand to be engaged in growing this fruit. "First. Select a situation for your cranberry field on a clay soil, on such as s not Hable to bake, or on a dark loam soil, or on any moist soil where there is a mixture of sand. Mostofour reclaimed lands, such as can be made moderately dry, are well adopted to grow the cranberry. In fact, most soils that are natural to grow the potato are suitable for the cranberry; yet the first mentioned soils should be preferred. I think there are portions of most of the farms situated in he Midile States and their vicinity that re well adapted lo grow the cranberry ; nd I should propose to all desirous of ommencing the business, to put their )lants on different parts of their soil, and y so doing the better soils may be ascerained. Asfaraslhave observed, there are th ree rarieties of the cranberry, viz. the barberry, the cherry, and the bell. - I have liever known any variety of the berry that tvould naturalize to dry soil except the bell cramberry. This species growsmuch in the forra of an egg. When in tne wild states, it is inclined to grow on the borders of cranberry bogi, spreadmg its way to upland soil. This species is much larger than the others, m its wild tates. Persons engaging in the cultlvaion of the article, should commence with !ie last mentioned species ; and bymencingwllh those that have been cultivated and naturalized to a dry soil, they will much sooner accomplish their object, and with much lesa trouble and expense, as the plants mnltiply and incrense abundently. Persons commencing with one or two thousand will be able to ob'ain plants of their own raising sufficient to transplant acres, in two or three years. " Seconi. Preparo your soil the same as for sowing grain, by plowing, harrowing, and making your soil even. Then mark it out in drills, 18 or 20 inches apart. Hoethem slighlly at first, till'the j roots bccome clinched, and afierwards no other cultivation is needed. The plants may be expected to run togelher and cover the whole soil in two or three years. The Cranberry grown by cultivation usually yietfs from 150 to 100 bushels per acre; its fruit is two or three times as large ns the wild fruit, and of a béautiful flavor ', it readily keeps sound Trom the harvest time of it to the time ofharvest again. The fruit is generally gathered in September. It is gathered with wireteeth rakes, made for he purpose. One man will generally gather from thirty to forty bushels per day with the aid of a boy to piek up the scattering fruit. The first working steam Engine was invented in England, about the year 1679.