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The End Of Poland

The End Of Poland image
Parent Issue
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OCR Text

öorne notice has been laken in the journals of this country of the recent step which the Russinn Governmenr hasadopled in order 10 secure its supremacy in Puland and prevent further revolutions. This step consists in the abolition of the longexislingrelation between the peasanlry and the nobility. This relalion, ahhough not one of actual serfdom, has ipproached it very nearly. The peasantrv, whose solé pursuit has from time inmemorial been agricultura], have occupied Ihe land of the nobility, paying in lieu of a rent in money such and such services. Though they have not been so utterly and directly the creatures of the nobility as if they had been serfs, the relation has been exceedingly oppressive and pernicious in every vvay, nnd lias alwavs provented the attainment of n true national unity in Poland. These feudal services, and indeed all personal dependence of the lower classes on ihe nobiliiy, Russia hasether abolished or is about to do so, thus gnining over, by the most powerful motives, the g-eat mojoriiy of the populntion. " In this way," snys a late Schncllpost, speaking of Poland, "the unsuccessfu! watchword of the Polish nobles in the last revolution is employed by Nicholas, with the most refined policy, to transform the outpost of Europe against Russia into its strongest buhvark ; the firmest fetters which the world has ever seen are faslened upon the slaves of Russia unc'er the hypncritical pretence of