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Southern Planters

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A correspondent of the "Home Journal" says : - " The Georgia Planters sacrifice almost all the comforts of life, and devote all their energy nnd all their means to raising cotlon. It is the only article they can rnise that will bring them money. They buy negroes to raise cotton, and raise cotton to buy negroes. A planter, witli whcm I spent a night, is worth $'50,000, He lives in a cabin, f'ull of wide crnks on eveiy side, tbrough which the wind and rain have free access, and a chimney,made ofsticks, cross piled and plastered wilh clay. He raises, for the subsistence of his family and negroes, plenty of corn and pigs ; and with cornbread, nnd fried fres! ffork, and smoked bacon, they livecontented the year round. Yet he is not miserable, but a free hearted man - they do not know how to live better. There are, however, exceptions - some of the wealthy planters have the i comforts and even the luxuries of life and know how to appreciate them. Their implemcnts ofhusbandry are of the most rude construction. Their ploughs are such as we might imagine were used'iu the scnptui'al times, being ihree sticks put togeiher in the form of a triangle, the hypoihenuse formingthe handle-the point at the sharp angle being shod with iron much in the shape of a mason's trowel, and Dot much larger. Wilh this rude instrument they prepare their coiton, com and other crops, 6cratching up the soil, not exceeding three inches deep. Some of the large planters, however, have become so much enlightened as to use real Yankee ploughs, and a better system of cultivation is being gradually introduced. .Charleston has not increased in population for some years. The great reduction in the price of cotton having very severely checked their prosperily. The rich planter,who ionnerly had a yearly income from liis cotton erop of .$20,000, is now reduced to 5,000, The price of cotton depreciated in this ratio; and ofcourse, every species of property is affected by it, houses, lands nnd negroes. The houses show the marks of ibrmer grandeur, but now look okl and antiquated - many of them out of repair and some dilapidated. The people have no energy apparently. They walk about the streels wilh a slow, listless pace, apparently without any object in view,but to pass away time. If a man were to be seen walking througb the street at a N. Y. business pace,the people would stare athira and wonder whatcouldbe the matter."