John Van Buren, as most readers of thp : lasare aware, Ãs the second son of the ex-Presrdent 'an Buren. The good olJ couuiv of Columbia claimes him (br her child, and some lof her best and bso n test Dutch blond are in his veins. He took his JÃ©gree with markcJ hon; nrs, at Yule Gpilege Suon afterwardi Ite hung ! up his hat, ns a student of l;iv, in the office ot Benj. F. Butler, (the present U. S. District y i â f . r !:â %-,) at Allmny. Unjerliim and Ju hdÃ¨rpooi; Ã³f thia city, he completed his studies, lie was just aurnitted to the bar, when lus father baving been sent minister to London, he â Bcootapanied the legatlon. Ha took the opporlunity to si.'e i-nost of the European oountriÃ«s ; whfn kts f ilher'Ã¡ niiminiition hoving been re!jeetcd bv the Senute. he returned with him to i 1832 to the Uniied S t ; i â . From the date of bis return with his f.ither, Mr. 'an Buren went back to his desk and his law books, and for several years pin-3ued the i practice of his profession with nssiduity and success. During this inlerval he visiteo England, in 1838, on professional business. Hia poiition, not more ihiin bis personal accomplishmcnts, "ivo hirn the enlreeinio the most exclusive circles in the world. The youtig republican was the lion of a whoie tondon winter. The proud men and women of proud aristocracy were darmed in spite of themsclves, bv a inaimcr of breeding as perfect as their own ; and the fu turo " BaFnbimier" had the dislinafuished honor of dancing at one of the siate halls oftho SÃ¶OSott, with gracious majesty herself V"ictoi-ia the First. His succes at court was rogarded as a phenomenon, and funiis'icd more additkins to the city gossip of:he papers in London, and this country, than an event of state mportÃ¡nce. Befo re Iris return ha spent a considerable time in Ireland. Tlio generous hospitalities of a ivarin h Bantod people were lavished on the son oÃ' a Democratie President of the United States, and, in thtrt one citv. he was enn â strained to dncline the honor of public Corisideriitions ofubvious propriety connected uith liis f'athcrs publig relations 10 the democratie par.'y, and subsequeÃ¼lly ui treparÃ¡ Idoraegtic affliction, [the death of-tÃ¼tt vif] kept, himin comparativa i-i tÃreme at unti! abont. 1815. In that ycar, the long grovÃrf feud between the twÃ³ sectious of this stale, the " liur-ikers" and " barnbunioi-9" ConsÃ«Vvatlves mul radicÃ¡is whicli liail lii'i'ii sinot.lKM'tv] : ii, by the irbing stpugle F 184 brko om wiili vitee. Ilie ult.'uUiui i)f alloi'noy f;i:iicral, io:' llirBfe ycar?, was in.uli: tlu; cltcrcl de bataille between the two divisiÃ³n. Mr. RuÃ'us W. Packham, of Albnny, was the candidate of the "hurikei'S," and Mr. 'a:i Buion ui Barnburners." Aftera hoi strutizlPi MLr. 'iin Buron was : IJ in the tnucus by a rtiÃijori!' une ; and su'osequently ap the ro. l''rom t!iii hourho was [efone thÃ© pdopte. - On hi:n the " 3Ã¡rribtitnci'sM aichÃoVcd (rhjeir (irst victory in the p:i:tv. Vet it tfts hot 'Ã¼l ifierwards that lie disphiyod tho ; yhich liave rnado hitn thcir unquestioned champion and leader in t'ae sli Hu ' aroi'r an altoi'niry geDpfal was dintinguishcil y a skill and a!Ã¼iiy,iti his profession, tor which Ã¯::v, even i;f his frfenda, VÃ¶rÃ© ; pared, and whicli at mei: gave hini n hij;li positio n at the bar of New Yok; sorjle of h:s prosecutions of thre anti-renters, and of the nogrp f'reeman at. Auliurn, weru raasterpieces oi' gal scienco and pmvcr. His rencdiitro wilh Amlirose L'. JordÃ¡n Ãsqi, afterwardi his successor in oliicc, tliring the groat anti renttnnTs] at IlmKon, is fri metnory of evc-ry reador. ThÃ© insult oflbrcd by Mr. JÃ³rdafn was (h"rnnf, ;ind liis cbastise ment va;; jirtimpt ntid surnitiary. lt wns one of tliosocasps when tbc popular sympailiv was all on one sido. Mr JordÃ¡n' mnimer wai too well kmiwn to the 'uar. and the pubÃ¼c, to cause ''â much dissatisfaclion that iti one iiijtance at lnast, thfy liar] ipet n alutary nproof. Soon aflerwards occ.urrpd the Inmous New I ;: f. i i r. WtiO was right and wrong in thni. 'rroat and memorable collision between liiO " barnburuers" and " hunkert," the young Democracy and the ancient liegency, of Albany, itis uotonr.s to decido. It was an rnporant convorilion to both partiet, and it must. lie Carricsd. It was car-ricd by tlie " barivburnerg." Thu " hunkers " wera routed horse and i'oot ; i ssly, nor without il image to nose, eyes, ! face and garmenls. To tliis day thero is a ii-;i:iiiion, ihÃ¡t vÃolenl Jiauds were lai'd on dis hod me in Kers of tlio " Regency ;" dnd icli r : i . ; : : t â t i in tlie land n i i Corâ â : 1 Edwin Croswcill, wcre forced to seek by flÃht, through innÃt undignified exitl IVom windows and along 3hfdf. All Allunv was tlicre : Ã¡ad Mr. Van Buvcn Mucl) W9 saul, ifierwai'df, bout. liis lia viÃ¼ nr countunanced the indignilies iolfipce done to tho discomfitcd " liiiukn â ;" bol na no prf w.-i-, pyer attempi liim, whilc other prominent "barnriijrniM-;" vvjre uotually iiufictecT, if i; manifest that ilt -e charges were as usual, the Ã³ffapring of i;i -asan nperÃ¡tÃo'n. He is a man altor Dr. Johnso i's on heart, thongh "a c;ood hater;" and thÃ¨re is reason to teavv thar., thongh he did not ootmtehancÃ©.as he did not witness ohii rouarh i and tumlile treaiment. oÃ sueh noÃiticrtl sonal cneinies, as Crosivel!, Corning e leading anti-n -uiers, he did not hoar of it willi any overwhelming alfliction of spirit. [t neecis, thoy say, a great pcoasion to deve ipe a great man ; such an occasion is near I tor Mr. Van. BurÃ©n; While Silas Wrifjht live ,hi icoi imandln personal strength an i character gnve the Barnliurners a hopeJess lage Bver theÃr opponeÃ±ts. His sudden deoth, while it. dishe&rtened the ibrmer,enoourtbe latter to iwake a last desperate etroggle i'or their ost ascendency in the State. A nti n was lo In; held at Sy racuse, in Sep.â IS 17, to noiniua'e state (ilÃ¼cers under the-new Constitution. The Hunkers strained nervo to carry it. Barnburners : dij not a wake to their danger until too late. doings of the Convention produced , sulft too cxtiaordinary in the State, tobo soon ten by uur renders. It was a memorable erri in the history of ihe j Democriitic pÃ¶rty"; it was not less so in the career of Mr. Van Baren. It was a convenfion of distinguishod strength anJ talent. Tiie er spirit of both pftrtiee wero amone: its members - Ba.-ker, Gitmberlenjr, Kink, Grover, K.it 1) bu ti, and Field, on pile skiO : and on tho itiier, Bnidy, Sey m lur, Slrykeryiud Peckham. The very flower of the dcmccracy ' ihorc;. To bo an equal urnopg such men was an lionor. Dut in tho beat and struggle.John Van Buren, like tbe grecian King at Troy, stopd a head and sho'uldors above them all. - He v. is rej'Tted%s i delÃ©gate by the convenlii i. Tliat was not mucli t him. He was too â .. ,,,,â, ,-.,â por the 1-:::hr . â once thev had him in thcir tmls. Thai cr,u enbiouglit liim out. fop the ftrtt time, in liis native power if' intellect and focce oÃ will,and raaile hit:i at nnce tlie fcremost man of his )ir!y in ihe state., His speech in bis own case, was rresistaijle in iis argumeni- in i;s invective, tremendous. 'J'lwi! day he smote tho Philislinea, " hip and thigli, with exceedng slaugh'er. The editor of the Argus hÃ© flayed alive. For montln he hÃ¡d Ijcen the object of his constant nttacks, without the op; tunity to reply. Now. it was his turn, and the vengeance he took was " full mensure and running over." Si tree ihat sppeech .Mr. CrosweU'8 bitterness againit hira has evidcntly tak deeper tinge. It was a complete and s; triumph for Mr. Van Buren, and as un&Xp ed os it was signal. A feiv men hal known him as a strenuous and uncotnpromisihg radical, tlie object, necÃrirtiy, ol' the constant a;nl bitter attacks of Mr Croswcll, whose intuitive icity had discernfld in hiin a foeman worthy of his steel. Most rnen remernbored him sirnply as the son of a Presiden! - a young man ruther ornamontal than useful, tho " P.ritice John," in short, of the London gossip ; smart, good looking, and well bi-eJ, with rather a' narroiv escapo uf being a d.Ã¡iiuy. Xot si men in the state were preparÃ©d for the power he i maniffSted at the cotivention. Like the 1 i s ! rebellion, he broke out forty thousand strong when mi body expected it. Thencefurth hls has been sutliciently direct and decided. , He seenis to have feit that for him, the Rubicon liad been passed. - He Ciinic at once into the contest, with a heart iness and vigor, wbich, while it BttachÃ©d H'S party to hira morenrrnl.v than ever, and estabishecl liim in the leadership, n tho same de, e emmttered hit opponent; Kis ippecMÃ©s at Aibany, (directly after his return IVom Syraciise,) nul nt Horkiiner, worÃ¼ nrarkÃ³d wltli bÃ¶ldtifeis.n poiwt and ar e loc] u . inknnwii iti the politioul coirtsota of the state. He did iK)t hfiitatii !o ;imiv that lio would not iote " ilio Syrncne tiokel" Wit ii invective t.lmt ovorwlii'liricil, and sarcasnj that out to tha jone, ho asÃailiul the caijijiuutesori tho ticket, the Kien liiat made it, and -ill wlio snppott ed it. Ho arou8ed the whÃ³le state. Every blow told. For weeks he enÃpfoyed tlie entiro Hunker presi in this state in parrying or returnin? li is attucks ; hÃ© m;ile himsalf feit i at WashingtoH. He rose tri n position of tlia firsl imporlance, not only in the statu but in lin I:nion. His lnteet speech nt Hudson, before the Co. . mi (.'ouiity Conven! on.il less pungen! than a ai Syracuse, Albanv and Herkimer, was . lered i'v manv as lua 1 ejeposition of the great and difficultqaestiofi of thÃ© 'vri!::ot Proviso, it is most ab'o. nor is it wantirfg in pjingenoy. HerÃ© and thore liis 1 tiveiecige woutd liie thVougti. Por instance ;i â w'w.r'n is 6ald 10 li;ve prodilcod the iteBt impressTttn, urn! vvliich ia noi in pnuÃ¼shÃ¨d report, of lus speech. S,pea.J;ing o the prevailing tenJency of the young inen ol the day to e " Baniburners," and its efÃeet on the relativo posilioii of tho two secÃ¼ons, witiiin i frw ycars, Ko Sftid : " Wiii;i(U-or I go, [ sec i new race nfmenj herween tven!y-one and thii'ly, preseing hi;-yra into pr-lilical lifo n iho repubiican p lt' 1 ware a cQnservaÃ¼ve, as I aui not - lo seo theso young shoot.s i'iiug up all around rae, woulii rn al a; I cquH faney a dead I mm vvonld fÃ¼ol when tho grasi wa growmg ) Ã³ver hun." Itis in illustrations like thia, plain.diteot aml â keen, wnioh go homa to every inaÃ¼'s brcaat, that one power of hts eloqtiencc lies. Hij hits are " most palpable" lo every body - ' ly to the nnlucky objects of (hem. Mr. Van Uuren is now about 35 years ofaga -in the bloom of' lus manhood and intellect. Sinee Win. Crawf'ord was hurried to a too , ly gravo, no man at tlier saino age has enjoyad such a position before the country. OfcÃ¶urse he lias enemies - many and bitter. That 18 9 part oÃ' his clÃ¼iraeter. 13ut he lias tioops of Yiends, devoted enthusiaslie and efficiÃ«nt. Among the youtfg men of'tliis state his popularityis unbounded. Thoy art-.proud of his courage, his lalonts, and his unswerving le.yality to j liis l'rifiids. In tuis Ia3t quaÃ¼tv he is a enume chi) of tlio oÃd block. Singularly unlike his fatlier in many of his pMimirie.nt'crharncteristics I lie resembles him Ãn his fidelity io his friends. j That he canias to tho utmost. He never siirinks fi-oin them, though to stRnd by tliera is certuin ruin. His friendsmp has, in that respect, the - devotioii of the deepejjjfeeling of whÃch tho )oet says : TlironL'li tiif funincc iinahrinking, thy stop 111 pn AÃ±il shiciiÃ thi e, Bi) 1 -:v" tii i The elementa of popuiarity l'n his character are not. mere'y of a public nature. In coraman wi:li al! w-ho have c ver distuiguished themselvesas populnr leaders, he has the happy facnlty of attraeringequÃ¡lly al! classes of men in public or i:i private. He is the ufe of the. circ] ; the wine dees not sparkle brighter, and his i: the joke that is sure to set the tabla in a roar. HU sty-le of speaking is strongly marked. - Endowed by nature or educalion with coolnesa and selÃ possession that are Ãmperturable, and at times, perfectlv supero, he has the habit of saying his most bitter things without apparent effnrl.and as if unconsciously. With the smoothest voice and the bhmdest air.he drops sarcasms and invectives that rank Ie forever. This is â quaiity that makes him Ã¼nequalled in adcI bate. His persona! ippearance is stnkiiiÃX. He 13 till and slender, with a stoop noÃurtgraccfalin one oÃ" his hoight, anda gait which, like his ! casm, is as uustudicd and a spjontoneoug a possiblc The liead, howevcr, in the man. - In any cotnpanv, uncovered it wonld strike the most ciircleaa obscrver. It is perfect in its way, and is a type of Ãt3 CittS3. The features, sniall and finely fcraed - tlie qoick, well cut nostnls, the clear, !u?e:i evo - 'he Ãirrr, upper lip - it ia, ahoffether, a face and licad fuÃ¼ of rare beauty and exprc5Siv.