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A Sound Principle Of Political Economy

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It is a sound principio of politica! oeonoim i.iial occasional changos in the controling power of a Government are éssential tn a soumi and healthy administration of the Government and to the prosjiority of the pöbple. Kspeeially in a Government like onrs, where party rule obtains to the extent it does, is an altemation of public; control between tho two parties, at intervals more or less remoto, essential to the public welfare. Long and uninterrnpted continuance of the same party in power perpetuates the authority of the same set of men, and leads naturally to the formation of rings and all sorts of corrupt combinations ; and abuses grow up in the public service under sueh conditions, as naturally and abundantly as the scum and fungoid growths gather upon the surface of the stagnant pond. It has always been a mestion upon which men have diifered, whether or not the existence of politieal parties is not productiva of more hurtful than benelicent results to a country; bilt it is the general judgment that as a means of securing rotation in office and a eareful scrutiny of theactions of those having authority, whatever there may be of evil in them is more than balanced. Certainly, the very end and aim of politieal parties, the only thing which makes them tolerable, is that they may act as a check one upon the other, and preserve the purity of government, by standing in judgment upon each other' s official acts; and in order that they may so act it is necessary that the administration of the Government pass from one to the other at intervals. Human nature is much the same in all parties, as it has been in all ages of the world, and the longer the samo party or faction retains the governing power, the more does it attract to itself the vieious, the dishonest and the disreputable elenients of the country, and the more does the government and the administration of public aft'airsfallinto the hands of those incompetent and unworthy to exeroise it; and it becomes a necessity, in order to purify what has become corrupt, to correct what has gone wrong and to make healthy what has become unsound, to change the control of public afiairs from the party whieh has control to the one that has not. We believe that with the Kepublican party thi.s time has come, and that the public interests demand and need a chango. The Republican party has been in power for twenty years, whieh is about as long a lease of power as one party ouo-ht to have. It suceeeded the Democratie party in control of the Government in 1860, and we do not undertake to say but that a change was needed then just as it is needed now. The Democratie party had been in power for a long time, and abuses had arisen within it, as they will always arise when the lease of power exceeds its proper limit. The time will always come in tho history of any part}' when its retirement from power for a sekson is best for tho country and best for itself. In its latter days the Republican party has grown corrupt. It has fostored rings and encouraged abuses. It has attracted to itself unprinoiplod adventiirers, and made itself tho refuge of demagogues. Ithas engondered public scaudals that have brougut shame upon u.s as a Nation, and instead of punishing its crimináis it has defended them, or sought to conceal their crime. The men who are prominent in its councils, and whom it seeks to elévate to places of trust and honor, are not men in whom the people have conlidence, but are unworthy tricksters, disreputable politicians, and men whoM integrity is, to say the least, doubtlul, and whose namos are f ar fromstaiuless. Tnere is grave suspieion thatthero are I many thiugs connocted with the ad ministration of public aiïairs kept, oonj cealed from the peoplc that they ought to know. The collection and expenditure of the public mouey amounting to hundreds of millions of dollars yearly is something which cleeply concerns the people, andupon which there rests much obseurity. It has been asserted anc upon very high authority, that millions of the pcople's money have disappeared and le.ft no trace, thal the Treasury books and records have remained so long in the hands of the same men that the truth cannot be reached while these men retain control. Itis said the books are f uil of erasures, torn pages and similar indicatiotis of crookedness. All these things cali for change. The puritication of the public service and the interest of the country alike demand it. Finalty, the Rcpublican party through its long lease of power has developed dangerous tendencies. It is ab.vays dangerous to entrust the same men or set of men with power for too long a time. Parties are out aggregations of men and men do not as a rule surrender power until they have to. The tendency is always to the perpetuation of authority, b3' lawful means at tirst, by unlawful means at last. As misgovernment becomes the more pronounced, as corruption bocomes more wide spread, and abuses more rank, so does the very necessity for covering up all these things prompt the party to greater etïorts to prevent its adversary from obtaining possession of authority. The men who have now through the Republican party possession of the Government have been guilty of what they do not want the people to know. They shrink from the investigation that they know wotild come if the Democratie party were to succeed them in power. What is the result? They haveshown themselves willing to use the most violent and unlawful means to retain power. They have struck down the ballot, quartered troops among the people, and by frauda of the most shameless description put into the President' s chair a man who was not elected. They have sought to carry elections by means of bayonets and hired ]artisans clothed with olliclal authority, and in various vis have manifested a willingnes.-f to override all law and justice in order to perpetúate thcmselves in portret. The party has beeome not only corrupt hut dangorous, and threatens not only the public moráis and the National prosperity, but has beeome a menaee to poputar institutions and free government. It has growii not only cvil, but has beCOtne arrogant in ts iuiquity and threatens to fasten itself so lirmly upon the country as to defy all ellbrts to dislodge it. Ou all these accountá wa bulievu thut thc lime, has come for a ehaoge. The Doujocratic party has pal forward a camlidate whose intojri'ity of oharaoter even his onemies ooact'dc. Ín his hanils ccry interest oí the counti-y will be safe. Thore is no patriotio citizea ol any ])arty who aeedfearto csst bis voto for snch a manas WinlieM Söott Hancock, li'c ie!leve that the pflople see the nee3 óf ichang, n tul see thè w-.iy Hbwtonjaka it. It will be made this fall. 'The


Old News
Ann Arbor Democrat