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Governor Horatio Seymour

Governor Horatio Seymour image
Parent Issue
Day
30
Month
September
Year
1880
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

(íovernor Scymour recently delivered a political address to his fcliow-townsmeii of Utlca, N". T., irom whioh we make the following cxlracts, regrettlng that want oí Bpace will not euablo us to ive in full the wnrils of wisdom t luit (dl from the Ups of the "old man eloquent." Uovernor Seymour said: "It must not be forgotten that this (jovernment isno longer the simple mochinery it waa In tbe early davs of tin; Heunblic. Tha buoollo age óf Amorloa te er. The Interests the Government hu io deal ith are nolongvr those oí u smal] number ol agricoltural cominunitics, with here and (lieve h commercial Uiwn. They me tlio interests of ntsoïly lift y mtllions of poople spread over nn Immense surfaoe, ith ooenpattons, pursults mul iniinNti ie ol endleaa rariety and great magnitude; hirgc cities with elementa of population scarcely known here in the carh days, and all these jproduoing aspiratlons and Interest so pnahfng, powerfnl and compilcatcd in thelr nutui-e, ana BO constantly uppcaling to the Government rightfuUy or wrongfulry, thatthe rfiquireinentt o( stutesmanship demanded In tliis age aro far different trom thoso which suffleed a century ago." These ure not niy words. íf I liad uttcred them, it would be feit that 1 was niuking a harsh oharge agalnst the Admiuistration. They are the statemenu put fortli byoneol lts officials, who speaka from hls experlcnce as a membér ol the Cabinet, umi as one who formerly had a seai intheSenate. Thla dcelarutloii made by Mr. 8ohuns is official incharacter. lt will ie' so vlewed In other ooontriBB, mul w il! rejuice the enemies of our Government, wliile it morttflea the American peoplo. The Bpeech Erom whlch thlsoxtract wai t&ken was made as a leading one in this oanvasfi with a view of directing lts discussioas. Uvan received wttb. applauseby the Journaïsoi the Eepubliean party , and by the leuding uicuibe.-ot that orgunization. lts startlingdcelarations foroe apon our minds thequestions: Are the disorders, tlie teniptations, and the confusión whieh. prese our Govornment due to oharacter au i strueture, or to tliu mannerin whlch it is administered? No other subject so grave or so urgent is involved in the pending oontest. If ltk trne that thedtfnculttes inthe way of in honest conduct of our affaire are so great that tnere mustbe other iiuaiiiieations tor the Presidency oi the United si at es thap those ol Intelligence, honesty, and patriotism ; if mir Goverament can only be curriect on by un exceptional man, who may not ahoiys be at ourci iininand, Uien we huvü undergone a revolution. VlKsnw6 ara tola that a statesnum is easenttal In the condition of our affolrs, it disturba our minds ns uhen we are lohl that a physiciun of uliusuai skin is needed in our families, it means diaease and danger. They are usualiy the words we huur but u linie, whlle before the crupe upon ourdoors informé oar neigiiboi's ol the had result. 11 uur lo i rimielil i BO Inoumbered with the confusión growingont of ttfty millions of neople and t heir vari( a íntereste and jiuruits, ltisclear that when that popnlation within the lifetiuie ot many beforu meshall have swwu to one liuiidrrd' niUliou and the complicatua interest.-, cl our country are multiplied four-fold, thal om l...vernnnn't must bo ovurwheinicU or there must be marked reform in lts eoudnet. This is not a remóte or uncertain danger It isone that we must confroul oow; it aïready tajees inUiwtry anü endangera our pronperity. KV1LS NOT 111 K Hl 1 Hl. CO.N8TITDTION. Is this state oi itffairsdite tothe eirueturo of our Uovermneut, or t they wa il has ]enu administered? it is not aecessary at this time ihat we perplex ouraelves with question.s ahout the way our ( inistitiition was ildopted. het her it w as formed by a eoinjuu t hi-LWecn the State, orbythe people ol States, or by the peoplo in their .piiinaiy indiidual eajiaeitv, it Is enoagh för our purpose that it is an indissolublobondof uu ion ; that it makes a Goneral Government, and it recosMzes the rlghts of 8tates and or persons; thut ulltbese aie equally sacred; the dlssolatlon f tne rnioii, (lestruotiOD ol Mates, usurpation of power, or tho wiptng 'out of Qnéswnich limit their respective jurisdietiuns, -woukl each be equally revbluUonary and disastrous. When we read the Uonstitution we. ïind it makes the most conservativo Government in existenei ■; thati bevond any other syteiu, it the rights ol persons and ot ïninorities. It nieasurea out with can tul termsthe jnrisdiction of Congress. lt gives to eacli citlzeii rights of per-on, of propertr, of consclence, and of speech, BowelJguaruedthai a single man may, svitb regard to them, defythe Government, altboush it may act unöèr the impulses oJ every citizen but úime n. lt places the Pree di-nt, and Congress, and States luider the supervisión of the Judieiary. This Is to act as an impartía) arbiter between them, and apon all ciucstion which concern the jurisiiiction ■i tue rights of cither. This uiutlmd oi deUningand securing the rights ot alldcpartments,andthe libertiesoi the people, is unUliosv n el-i here in the world's nistoiy. E en in Brltaiu, protul of what it calla lts constitutional luw, and of the piotection wbich is thrown around it - citizena, J'aiiiamiMit eau, it ii wiij, unju-tly destroy iiie, Ubei ty umi propert ; Uien; i no power lo resist itS decrees. 'Die Judieiary itseli is but an instrument to curry out JLts pmi sc.-., ho ■ %cr destructivo Oi whattkeyterm their constitutional principies. Here, an uuc n'ui uiionai luw is a deadlaw. Al:l -;.- iu -i li l! Tin: KEPDBLICAN8. As to the cviis, coiTuptions aud abuses hïeh are set iorth by Mr, Schurz, let na see the positions held by leading Kepuliliralls witll regard to t hem. What are those doing who have been intrusted with the duiies of admiiiistt ai ion and whQ Beek lo hold power? We have seen that the methods ol those who have controlled public affaire and nqt the onstitntion of the United State have baused the dangers which threaten us, in the ihst place the oandidate of the Republlcan party ojicnly ezpressed hlsjoy that Congres ha'thus enlarged lts Jarisdictlon, and, to use his ownphrase, be is glad "that U grm-Uatet towardmorc )ouer." lic not only wlBhee the Government togalnthls, but hels willing thatit shouid dó BO by tndfrectlon and BUbtle con structi.-m. He does not gay as be shouid do if he seeks chanuc in the ehiiracter of our .overnnient thut ii shouid be made by o a and direct amendmeitts, but he to bring II abont by the use of doubtful pbrases. i speak part ienlarly aboiit bis position, as he K noiv tht exponent ol the giat party which has placed hiui in noniination for iliè l're-i dency. The leader-. In the canvasa on that side ure those that hold as senators or as ('abinet Mini-ter.-, or ]!iinirtunt io-Ltionundcr the present Administration. All of them in tact, and in some form, usk that their powers slnniid bc Increased by raking from tbc poojile some of their honu; rights. 'J'hev say in effect, tiive to us yourrights of matting jaws for yourselves; we can tako care itt your better I ha il yon can. Kvciy denla lid for junscïi tion for the General Goveivimeñi is a ileniand tor the suirendcr of by tlie peoplo in their towns, their countie their statcs. Mr. Garfleld openly expresses hia satisfuction and hia desire, it lic is elccted lresldent, that the Government shouid more tiowerthan it had when Washington mul Adnnia and Jefferson and Jackeon Illled the KxeCUtive Chair. lic tin re bas heen a gain and thut there will lic more bj lorce oi gravita tion ; not by the popular will, not by chancos in the Conslftuti n m a regular way', but that uuthority, patronage, and powpr will add in Iheni-clvc-. will by their weigllt inorcase unil untilthe} are u,, io the fnil measure of his desir, --. . icjoices to sec this done in a way agalnst which cr.iiKi.l. WASHINGTON H MTVKI ïou In his faruwcll ad dr, s, which wan subiuittd 10 Ale.ail'ier llamilton llld ol le r stat'Sincll bt'lore he gave it to the Ame. i au QLOp]: "It is imiiorlanl. ükewise, that tlW' hnbUsol thinking, in a tree countiy, -hould Inspire -:n tion in those intrHStcd with iUndn ' atiDii io coiiiine thrmseh n thin t In [ve cbnstitntlonal sphecca, avoiiün, in 'M rei e ,,t the ol , ,nr dej:,rt ilent, i.' encroach apon another. Bpuil ol cncroachment tends to oont-oliillite the p ol all 1 he ilei-arl im-iits in one, iind tluts tocre ale, ■■■ m oi governmeiit, a r al det potism. iV juKt estímate o thal o e of power nnd [ironencss to abuse it which predomínate in the human beurt, is siilllcicjtt to satusof the tmth of tbispiisltii n. Tlie mity of reciproeul checks in tbc exerclse of political power, by divMiim and tlistribnting 11 into di'lercni depositoi !■ . nd i rach thegnordian of the pub ie weal ngafn-i invasión byothers, has b en evinced by expeiiiiicnts. aiuient a nd modern ; -oincot llieni in (nr own conni r , and undcr our own oyes. To preserve them 'niust be a uecessa y as to insfitute them. If,intbc ophiknrof the peo )■!,-. the distilbution or mmUtlcstion ol the (instltutional.powers be, in anj pan wrong, let it b rr eted by an 'amen Imonl in the way the Gonatitutlon desl-naies. Kut lettbere be no ehange b usurpatlon; for though tbls, in oni lntance, ieay be thcinlent of L'ood, it c i-touiary weapon bj which [ree governments are destroycd. The precedent musl alwa.s greatly overoalanee, in permanent evil, any partlal or tianhient benelit wiiich the use can, at ïinv time jrtold." 11 1 had not stuted that these w ere the worrts of George Washington, (t wouldbetboi was indulging in a personal attaek apon Ml'. Garfleld, -. -■ ere a e they upmi his methods and the preccdents bc would make. Prominent asa Renublican speaker is Mr. Sel urz. When tola of th itatü of aif airs at Washington we looked for a demand lor strongand vtern di-aling with public evils. But hc glides ott into a sugKesiion more hurtful to Mr. Ci arfield in the minde ot thoughtful men than any attack made upon him by his political opponents. Heinlim.ites that, as Mr. Garlield lias been at a-hinton, wliere these corrupiions have gi-own up, he bas become a Biatesman and ie the best man to deal with them. Another member oi tbuCabinet, Mr. Sherman, Secretary ot the Treavury, takes adlfft-.rent view of ti e state of affairs f rom that given b-, his oUeague. He dweUs upon the businessa prosperity oi country. OverlookIng the Inunsti-y ot our peonle, the favorable seasons that have iewardod theh with ampie harvests, the demand for producto from other conntvies, Ik for Vdininisti atioi the gratltude of our people for all blí--ii..;s. I have no illikindly fceliiiK for Mi . Sln-i man : I regret that hé does himself ii wron when he is CmOSAl El II, ro c.i]i and nnjnst to the laboréis ol the land. His not the tatesmanship ol the Cablnet, but the statesnian-hp ol tlie il ,.v, ble.-sed by a lm i fnl season, thal uivcs us ourgiowing wcaltb. Not the -ki 11 o. theïroa ury )irirtinent, but oí medíanles and manufacturera, thal muke ibe springs of our prospcritj ; not the talk in Con . toil i i labor In all vai-ied fleldá. liiiiii.it rc-pecthe doe himaelf a wrong. He not warn our pèople ui the danger which the ehange of scasons may make. 11, does not , as be sould, aduioni-ïi tiirin f ai at i his time, when mony ant, men nhould throw off the burdens of debí mul extricate theraselves trom poitiou of peiil it times shou Id changó, lletoaches the falso and misehievous doctrine thatgoYeminent poJicies, and nut honost tol] und iraní cure, that the achemesof the brain, QOt the swoat ot the bEOW, give competence to men. Much has been said ubout the absurdity of Hat money. Ilow much more absurd ure Mr. Shermajra teaching of fiat prosperltj . in this direction Mr. Shermun outstrlpa Donnis Kearney. NATIOXAT.ISM. Tlio pointa niosi conspleuoua in the speeches mul journals oí the liepiibluan party are, lirst, that this is a Nation, and n'.t. ibis electíon Í3 u contcat bet ween the Northern und Southern State, in wliich a vietory will bc a great gain to tke tonner party. We charco tliat the denunoiations of tlie South are used to maak their designs to get jurlsdictlon over all the Union, and inalnTy over the interests and people oí the North, as ttaey are t be most important and varird that the term Nailon is Belectcd because it is a wotUL of obscure and Indefinita meaning, and it it is gub&tltuted for the Legal und proper titie ol Government, il w ui enable them to make ohanges in it character hurtful to the rlghta of the people and disastrous to the prosperity of thoir business and industrial pnreults: that the infechief it wi[ oréate win aot be for tin remóte future. Uut that they are pressing upon ue now, and will be left in their lull force frora this time on unless they are avérted by the resulta oj the pending electtons. Itiaainarkedanaconspicuousfact fnthopoUticaldisoutwions the past four yeaia tüat the RApublican Leaders have sought to brlng into usu the words Nation and Nationalfan when speaking of onr country. These have been heretofore used without any special nixniiicange, as torins generally applied to different divlsions of tlio human race into coinmunitis governed by some forma of law, and in this sense wc have used them to avoid the repetítionof the term Uuion, United States, or General Government. Uut they QAVQ now beconie the shtbboleths of the Rcpublican party and of all wUo have schemes for TvhicUthoy wish to gHi public support at the neat of (invi-mnent. UTnTe the men who uso these terms never define them. their very ob - SCUiity serve? the purpose of covering tlwir ultímate objects, and at tlie same time allowIni; all who have politica l theoriesinconsistent with our Conytitntion to feel that they favor [heir views. In its primary Bense the word Nation meanfl tbooe ot conimon oiigiu, and applie most aptlyto the smaller divtsixma o( tribes or of thoseof coinmon lineaire. In tln's more correct siguificance it is ceriainly not upplic-able to our country, whose population ia mudo up of mixed mees f rom uil qmtrters ol tht! orld. In its more common ase it Bignilies politit-al divisions, rangins from the Lowest to the inost elevatetl political organi.ation. Wiien, therefore, it ia siüd tvu ure a Nation, the. term gives nó idea of tlio character of ourown Governiuent, but it leaves every onc to infer what he pleases of lta signilToanoe. OlS&CURE AXD USMEAMNG AS IT IS, Itwue adoptedwith the solemnity of a Con EressïonaJ resoluflpn, as a term wliich toldof the power of our icneral Gevernment. In [876 a resolutlon was offered which deolared, nmonjr otlie.r tblngS. that the people of the United States constltute one Nation. All of the löL'publioan members voted Cor this, as U it threw some Ught apon the oh&racter ol our Inion. So far ís it from doin# this that it -im)KY tends to ntnke that obscure hich was clearü statcd hl our Cö it-titutiou. Tliere is somethiug in tlio worus United States, the Union, the (ienrrat (;oerninent, wiiich is in conflict with the pun086fl Of Mr. (iailield and liis friends. They do not teil us ditinctly wliat they aim at, hut we flntl that tho.se wbb setk for nunc jurisdíciion uso tlie term Kation, or NationaUty, whenever t hey have occasion to ]eik of" the Jurtadiotion at Washington, we ahvays lind that the men who uso the word - and many like 8enatOT Itlaiue love to cali ít a Soveivign Nation - are in favor of a dittíirent eonstruction of the Con st i hit ion tlian lias Irorctofore pitvailed. Mr.Uarlield openly states this wlieu he siiys that the viws held jy Mr. Hamilton are growing in strenth, and ao rejoioesthat ourGovernmeni Ls gravitatíng to more power. Xq tind, too, that tliey f:u or the plans 01 tliat distingiiishccl statcsinan of nininjUTisdictton ByconstiiicttónapnC upon the worïs of the C'onetilution. As they do not like, at this moment, to devHop uil their ilans, which would excito alarm particularly il t, t'North, to mask their pnrposes anu to divert attent ion hy excitinx passions and trej;:diccs, tbeyuae the word as far as they can in eonnoetion with sectional controversii -, so tliai il may be feit they only have in view tlio strength of 6ho l'nion. it is thi. idea which eftves tlieir phraifs u mensui'e of favor with the Hepublican party. Tliey ulso take jreat pains En their dlscussions to carry the dea i liar N.:tinnal.t' niPans aomething favorihle to the interest s oi North. We charge ihat the purposes of the ECepublican leaders Mti: IN CONFLICT WITH THB CONSTITrTIOX ; ihat they endaner the. peaoe. the order, and he sarety of tfie Union. Tliey draw to the Nat ion at papito] hovdrsol' men who lia eselfïsh and corrupt objects, who tempt officials to Lolatd duty trom motives í ambition and greed tor gold. They impair tlie laterests and rosperity of dittcrent sectidna oï our Union, y laws franied hy raen Ignoránt upon tlie subject upon which tliey ucr, and by lei.iaD.i not only in conflict wit h the letter ot the "on-'titutioM but witli its Spirit and the genius )f all onr politie.nl instituí ions, both local mú reneral. i have already briefly sketohed the listory and features oï the Oonstitution. l mve set forth, in the langtiftge' f Mr. Schurz, the e.ils whicli now ]ire;ul about the apiol, BX0WÍÚS Out oí the vuiious and conij)liaterí subjects whioh are improperly caiTicd here, ior legislation. I have stuted that the Üepubllcan leaders seekto üicrease thii evil state of tblngs by wldeifing the Jurlediction till more, so that the increaseof our population, the growtb of uil its buyiness interests. so far from giving u-s gieater seouiity, wili only créate more -ompl leut ion, moro dÍMir der, more difïlculties. W'e oharge that those wlui seeh oovertly to bring about these resulta ire animated by selflsh purposes of ambition, ove OÍ power, ot lust for gain, which make hem indi If tren t to future oonsequences if they can reaeta the object of their desJres. Good Bepublloan friends, we pruv you do lot indulge in sectlonalhates; but it you will e led into sut'h warfarc at least look 'and s-e that you are to sutTer more than those you -■eek f o in ju re. Do not shut your eyesto'the factthat, while tlio advocates of Nationallty mve much to gnin, you liave much to lose, by heir policy. "ou Will il nd they are talking :or themselves, and that TUK CONTBST WITH TUT SOUTH 18 A fkk;nki USUE nxlor cover of whieh you are warred npon. It must not be thought tliat tlie cnanges whicli men seek to make in the charaeter of ur Government by the ose of the words Na;ion and Nattonalfsm, and by the oonstruc ions which they mean to put upon them, reate only to the theory Ol politics; that their nlluences are too uncertaiu and remote to be oï immediate concern. They affect us now. fhev not only thrcaten but work diSQStrouS 'esults to the eoumie.rce. of OUT country, tothc nteresta oí the farmers of the Western States, nul tn the business prosperity of tlu whole ountry. We know that cneaptranspoi'tatúm LES lea to thfl Iftle OÍ our farm produots in Europe, and bas Ufted all kinds of business rom the depresnion WUloh :i short tiui" mih'c was telt by all purmiits. The abllity tO send what we make and raise to the markets oí the worid at oheap rate, is oi more Lmportanoe to t)ieNo:ththantn tlieSouth. Theproductsofthe ;rtii' ure of a kind that do nol suffer f rom the competitfon of other countries. Europe must ,iave the ootton ot tbc South. Increased cost t transportationdoesnotprevem theirsale; it tdds to the oonsnmer. The farmer and manufacturéis of tlio North have to Compete with lióse who makeor raise the same produots in the markets whLch we seek to gain. A small llfferenoe in the si of oarrying win pro ent mr grain and provisioDs brom going abroad. Uut a !■ ears siiue, tlienechaiv weresach tliat we could not export many tlilngs which w eau now seïl at a proflt. vlioever will eximine the trates for carrylng eihtor ieu yeare iir, will seo liow tliegi ent otf all sales in u larve way to Buropean oountries. e musí bear In tniud that last ycar the axpen-e, of the (jeneral (Soveniwent, aftei delUCting all that was paid for pen.-ions, or for intei ct or principal of the public debt, was more than one hundred and twenty-six milüoiiK. Thia was Eor the ordiiary '-- penses of brovevhment. This gróat fncreasé ot expéa.ses ",vn out oi iis Increase of jnvi-diction ovcv eubjectfl Which ran be more wisely and economically administercd ai theii home. Wiih all the. coiiii'! d iiiil'n tiLUes s r forth hy Mr. Schurz growing out of the pusblng ana varled (a.terests ai Washington aiitj ín the face of Inöreaèëd taxatlon, the Képublican luadenj urging more Jurisdiction wit li inore taxution and more confusión, i he ways In which the Governmenf col h-ets its' reventies conceal their inii süms Iróm those who pay them, bul they teil none I he cis ill tlli-ir : esults upon t heir' p: o]en . Voii will luid the e titxea uh the sugRL' in your '.eiicup, ín the cioluing of our lumily, in the medicines ol yourftie, in' the varntsn on the ■■ ilinH of ur de.id. By general consent they : .!■■ levïed upon les oí DOAsurñpUÓD, Tuis lias the ad van tam of giving m-otection to In m indust rie, it it is nO carriodtoo far. If they are made too buidensome tliey déstroy home productions as they udd to their oost. While WO cheerfiifry pay Ín this -,va, for all necesaary expenses ol Government, we pro tosí against tnaking m nefMiloesly exponKive. Alnady t lie anionnl paid by Scw Vo k lor its .support Is aboul Lwice the coat oi the State Uo( muient, in making t hl statement i do not take mo account anj sums for penor for pavrtientoi Interest and principal oi the public debt, The exnense at Washing' ton aiter inakingf these deductionaret'a8 neferIy aft I can team, more th-in twice co-t of tbc thlrty-eight Stütos of the Nation. vet Mr. tíiiiTieiiaud other Republican ofllciais Beek jm i-diction, more cost, moro, taxation under the shadowy porase (f Kaiion&Usm. Xheyftsk that they shaJI be intrusted with more power, more patronage, and the disti ibution oí largcr sum of money drawn frorn the people in unequal pmpoi tiohs and by exi insl f inethods. THE POSITIOKI OF GAUKIELL) AND HANCOCK CONTRASTE. t beg our Repnbliosj) friends to look at the attitude of .Mr. Garfield with regard to the fonst itution, and sec if it ís one that -shows ioyalty to its provisione. It is the charter of our rights and Ubeities. H has ou many occaslons Bworn to uphoM it. On the úh of Biaroh next he will, BS a .Senator trom Ohio, t ■ ke a solemn oatli to support its provisions. TheSenate was organized to :ts-.ert and delend the letter and its spirit. Dees the conduet of Mr. Garfield accord with these oaths? He avoids the use of the titiles It gives the Government. These were selected to shon lts charaoter and object. He uses In amarked way words the tramen of the Oonstitntlon reocf d. and shuna those they selected. What oould be thought of a clergymen who should substituto fot the rand, clear toues cf the Blble, vague and unmehnins words which ob-cure the law of Ohrigtlan tóe? Vet in this way Mr. Garfield treatfl the law which makes the iife of our i nlon. in view of hls elTorts to change the Constitution by substituting conBtrucrion tor its languago, you doubt if. in hls oath ot office, lic swcarn foror al the Oonstitution. You wonder what he eeeks, which U rebuked by the title oi "United Ktates," the 'Tnion." the "General Ciovorainent." hat lead.s hini to dweil upon the WOrds "Nation" or "National:sin," which are weak, obscura and trivial? Let us see how Mr. Garfield looks at hls interest and position. We can ivf his ideas almot In hls ownwordflwhen ie communes with himself. li" ay: "i am ÈObe 8 Senator trom OhlOfOr SlX VPfllv, ilton was rlght whrn hc Baid that Senators should liol'l lor life. I ma glad tlutt lis opluionsRrow ín favor, líe dld not like öur Constltut ion, but Huid everything depended upon the way it w:is construed. Tnia heavy volume on niy" table. called the Civil l.ist," ftliowa the oames of more tlnin aeventy tnouaond men paid trom the Treasury. Thia doee notinolade the soidiers r sailOrs. ' 1 atn glad t see we arts gritvitating toward more poffflv.1 Th Sentit, oí whieli I um a memoer, gives most of these men thelr places dtrertly or indlreetly. Tin-v depend pon coitttrmation by Uftol the JYcsIdeiH's iiomiiuitions. In view of this f act, he asuollv senda In the ñames of i DO8Q we want. If he does not, we tbrow thïMii out. Whllfl larve nnmbors of tiloso in tlio ci il Ust are nol acted upon by our body. y et as a rule üiey hold onder fchpao we oonnrm, so they arFlook to us tor support. If we can make the Civil Ustup t ahundivd and flfty thousand, we ahallbe nble-to hold our places for Ufe. The tilinga roost in the way are the words of thé Consritntion. I have thoujrht muoh about them. .íohn Quiney Adunas once wrote gome pootry bi which lie put in the niouth of Mr. Jefferson these Lines; " ' II we can not chanté the tliings I swoar we'U change cheir name, air.1 "The troubh'soi!)' terms In the Constitution ave tlie ' l nited States,1 the ' l'nion.' They teïlof States and otherrifflits than t luist; controller) Ijy Congres. T do not lile the words Gañera! Government, as ü teJJsof other ( overnmonts and States ; there ure BOme terms such ns Nation and National, which fhose who made the Constitution wonld not have In it. They were Icept oul by unanimous vote. They we vague and do not show wh&t is nieunt bv thi-ir 086. I want tlioin for tho very reason that led the Oonventlon to strike them out. Uwe set our people to uso them they will tull hito the hubttof looklngto Oth6T GoveromentB than our own for uaagea arid laws. Wc. have got tliis practico Onder w;iy. In 18fiT all our party in the House of Kepreaentdtivea voted for a solemn resolutlon that oura was a Sovereign Nation. We all wore grave faces when wo did this. It taught us as muoh about our Government n If to Bhow the prerogatives of President we had with of mal Bolemiüty deetared that ho was on individual. Theworldia full of nations. There are many hnndredl of t hom, of all kinds, from tlua Sandwich Islands up to the Etusaian Empire. Their habite and oaages range from tlione of the Kinfi of Dahomey, who killsa few men each day for hia health's sake, t t lioso of the Quecn of Knland, who leads the aulet life of a good woinau, Tnere is nothlng that Nattona do not do in the way of law-nüikinc', nnd no one caii define their oharacter ns a class. The word Naiionaiibin hay different meaninga to different men. In due time, if we are iirmly seated in power, wo can teil the public what we mean byit; our detinition will be that we want more jurfsdictlon for Goverament; this means more cost for more men to do more duties. The addittona thus made to ofílciala will give to Senators more power, patronage and wenlth. I will use these words. Nation and Nationai. asoften as i can. I win stiow them through all mv speeches and letters. They are now the smbboleths of our party, and of all who have nohemes before Coni;re8%. They sound well, and many think they lift us up to a blgher rank as a people jto be put in the list of tribes aml of barbatou-or nncivil Ized Vatioiis. But wo must takc care that the people do not get alanned at the Idea of more cost and more taxos. We have the most to fear from those of the North, fot Innine "f their great States thei e are more than half of the peoplo of the Nation. Hut they have önly eighteea Senators ont of twenty six. it was unfortnnato riint we told them in debate that tnesu States paid tbree-cmartena oí the taxea levied by Government. We must kwp these faots from their minds. We must at ir up the old bate Df the Sonth and make them feol that whlro NatiOnalism will help tliem, it will hurt tllOSC in t;ie Southen) soetion." These plaln words frive you the theOTie8 of Mr. Uariicld and hi irien'ds about this electiun. and tlieir plail for the future. What thev say and do shows you What they aim at. Wil) it not be wise on the part of the great Iiepnblican party to lciirn and think who will be the eietora and whö will bè the victims if they have their own wa in this elctiony If they do not do thi-, tliey raay tall int tlio trap set for tlio ieo])li', iiul that wc all shali feel that Nation alism is a curso. Turn from Mr. Garfleld'a letter of aoeeptance to that of Geiju Hancock. Ile. bowa to tlie decréos of the Constitution. He accept its teachiiiLís, he is Imbuea with lts fairii; its terms t him are Bacred ; hi.s earnesi neaa shlnea out In every llnOj and when he swoara to Support tlio Constitution ia its letter and spirit we know he mcans todos. Thoewho formed it not only chose iittinic (VordS o teil Lta meaning, but patiioUsm, like religión, lias lts aymools. No (lag which floats in the wind of h e aven tella so muoh as onra of the blstory nnd charactcr of the Governmeot it represe ut s. lts stripes reoall the natnea oí thfl States wliich finisht the battlr iVllich gave U8 libe: tv, and wliich crowned their glorlona work uy forming onr Union. The States are numbered bv thO stars whích glitter upon its blue üe,id. ííe who would strike one starf rom Lts placo or who wotild blend or blur these syinbois, so that they would teil only of obscure Xationalism, ha- latent treason in hi.s heart. ' We, are asked whv we took n soldier for our standard-bearer, 1tí wliona can we int rust it with more aaíety than to onc who has had its deep and grand $ignitlcnnce burnt luto bis very bcing by the tires oí battle-iields? There is not a color upon its folds, there N not a atripe upon its emblazonry, there Is not star upon Lta azure ground, that has not Tieen made Bacred to iiim. The appeal which drew him and hia fellow-soldlers tram their homes tO the battlo-lield wild to rally a round the Stars and Btripes and to uphold the t' ti ion. They wilTnever make our flag au unmeaning thing ; tliey will see to it that it remains a true emblem ol the aplrif ol onr Conötitution. By the people'a vote Gen. Hancoojc will bearthia stand ara on to vlctoiyin thla oontest as he ha beretofore done on the bloody fleldeof battle. He hos leumedfrom It tb6jgrand purooses of tin Constitution by teachings amld all the Holemn lesona (t wai - bv the Inspirations of the batt U:-tlfid.by the sad and BOlemn aspects of the blood -stiiined eurth and the ilyin groan 4 ol men whei: the struggle was ended. He ha learned the great tesson of atatesmanshij), not amid tf party Btrlfe, not in au atmospliere tarnistaed Tiy personal ambition or scliemes of plunder, but wheue Washington andJackaon learned the lesson of duty to their country and of obedience to its laws and Constitution. It is now charged by our opponenta that we are, inconsistent when we place :i soldier at the hoad of the Govoi'iunont. The propriety oí doing tblá depouds upon the charactcr of the man aml the nature of i he service upon which he has heen cuaged. The General who has íought only for tory or a conquest, or nas been Cngagcd only to promote se he mea of itmbition, or ifi'atify Feetïnga of hate, bas been taught upon the !attleHeld only lessons of foree and inaolence. Bat those who have. dared theper.ls ol war tofreo their country of oppie8Uion( (Oftainforit au independent Qo eminent, to renfat host ile inyasions, or to uphold it aVainst reftistanee to its rUhtful-authority, have thetr irilnda ftlled with objectd instructivo, onuobling and patriotic With Intellectsqnlckenedbyáíl the d angora and excitemènts ót the striic, tlwvr see niore clearly Liian other men tbc valueoí obediencia to law.s, and the duty oí aaeriUcinu all thiugs for their country's ji'ood. Tl was in this school that Wasliin-ton learned tlie -rand duty of laving down bis sword and retiring to private life when the world thousftt be would claim a crown bis roward, This act, ho constantly referred to in other lands as well aa our own, gave him his immortalHy. It was in the same schooi, untler like iuflucnces.'that 4n the hour of victo r' Jackson cuvbt'd and roatralned hls flw) sjirit, and Huhmitted to injustice and ïndiiriüty, bccauso it wa.s impor-e upon him bv i legal tribulia). " li oalled to the Pi-esidency, i should defm it my duty to reöist, with ah iny power, any attempt to impair or eval the full f o ree and uifeet of the Constitution, which, in e ■: y artide, section and amendment, is the tuiprpuc law ol the, Uxnd."-}Ptnjlel4 Scott Hancock. líe who has learned to obcy rilitful authrity bas beentaughi the sreai lesson whioh Hts him to ext-roise great anthority. Hb ho reverences the lawa of hia country la the rlght man tt idiuini-tcr t beni. Ile whohaa proved IliS ilrvotion tO ÜS inteiests is the Ollei to whoin we can most salely trust the wort of guardiiiK and pro; ettng them. Therefore we ll;ce(t liim in nominaiioii, and f into thi.- tontest with thfc liiiu faith tlui4 .e slndltevate him to the poerttton of l'n.'Mdent of theato United btofos.

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Old News
Ann Arbor Democrat