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Peach-growers Alarmed

Peach-growers Alarmed image
Parent Issue
Day
21
Month
April
Year
1881
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

The accounts gi ven by thefruit-growers of Marylaml and De! a ware of the present appearances of the peach ctrcljards Qf these states o not gjve an encouraging prospect. Fruit-growers of these states d uring the past week or two have become alarmed because of the failme of the fruit and leaf buds to show signs of healthy life. One farmer who for the past 10' years has cultivated one of the most successful peach orcha'ds in the state of Delaware, situated within a few miles of Bridgeville, a celebrated peach centre, writes to his landlord that lie has made a careful investigation of the peach orchards on the farm, and he cannot flnd a live peach bud among all of the 10,000 trees, and he thinks the trees of the old orchards are all killed, as there is no sign of life in tl(e )euf b,ud.s. F(jr theuast 10 qx 13 years, although otiier orchards which surround them have proved perfect failures, this orchard has always ducecl some peaches, and not more than one or two years has this fruit farm failed to pay. State Senator Jlust, speaker of the senate of Delavvare, a gentleman closely 'dentifled witli the fruit interests, both as a grower and a commission dealer, gives;t as liis opinión that not only will there be no peaehes grown aroimd Bridgeville tb is season, but that the blackberry and raspberry erop wil] prp,ve to be failures. ïhis if correct, wil] be very disastrous fqr tjje lower portion of Siissex county, as the cultivation of blackberries haring proved during the past year highly satisfactory muoh attention had been devoted to it, and maay acres of very line varieties were expected to produce a large erop this season. The effect of the cold winter is feit on those ftuits which produce their fruits on new branches of o'd wood, and blackberries are of this nature. Tle stock or vine grows up from the ground very much as a young tree, and it attaius its f uil growth in three or four years, and then dies. The fruit of the blackberry bush is grown on a little brauch whieh grows out from the old wood in the spring of the year and bears and ripens its fruit in the folio wing sumraer, and if the leaf buds of the peach trees are only partially killed, it is only natural to think that thosè pf the blackberry, which Í3 a much more tender plant, have also been killed. But the killing of the blaokberry buds only ineans that there will be a more luxuriant growth of new sprouts this season, and a better chance for an abundant erop next season. ]5ut such is not the case with the trees, for if the leaf buds are killed it seems as though the lungs qf the tree beeorne djseased, and gradual or rapld consuinpCion tollows, according to the degree of injury done the leaf buds. Not only do these unfavorable report come froiri Sussex county, but froni all the adjoiniiig counties. A letter froin the head of a canning flrra m Berlin, Worcester county, says th it it is exceedingly doubtful if there will be a peach produced by a budded tree In that county this season, and expresses the opinión that canned peachos are a goad stock to carry over into the next eason. In Caroline county, Md., along the line of the Delaware and Dorchester railroad, where for the past 10 years soine qf the most desirable peaches shipped to ISTew York have been pro duced, farmers are selling their orchards at merely bantenng figures. One gentleman who has an orehard of ÏO.OOQ trees, situated on the bañks of the Xantekoke river, recerjly sQld the product of hisi bBehard for this year for $50. But as the most eareful calculation sometimes proves erroneous, nothing can be told with a certainty of aocuracy until the trees are fully in bloom, which was tlie case at villeon March 20th last year, but at this time there is no indication of blooming. The temperatura feil to a mucta lower point there last winter tlian in New York city, and one night it dropped, according to more tlian one thermometer in the place, to 21 O below zero, out by many it feil below 15 t where it remained severa! hours. And it has long been a theory aniong the peach-growers of Deleware that when the thermometer falls below zero and rematas there for 10 or 12 hours, it will kill the peach buds, and if it falls to 10 below it will so disease the trees as to niake them useless.

Article

Subjects
Old News
Ann Arbor Democrat