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Gitteau's Trial

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The court room was crowded on i Tuesday as usual. Scoville read the letters written by Guiteau to his father from school in Chicago detailing expenditures of money, etc. One letter was signed "C. Julius G." The prisoner interrupted, saying he "mnst have been pretty crank to sign a letter that way." Another letter, he explained, i was written when he was 17 years old, and was badly cranked too. Many letters were from the Oneida community and Guiteau interrupted to say he was ashamed of that ianaticism and wished t.hfi letters were not in existence. One I letter was abo at publishing a theocratic newspaper. Another believed only in serving God. Both these were approved by Guiteau, who took every oppor tunity to abuse the Oneida commumty. After reading the letters Guiteau took the stand, answering questions in a quiet, straiglit-iorwaru manuBi. x was very indignant at his f ather for forcing lüm into the Oneida communiI ty He said : "lt makes me mad to th'ink of it- the stinking fanaticism ; he was crazy on that subject." His ather used to compel his children at table to say they thanked God for John H. Noyes, tho Oneida community, etc. His f ather was crank on that subject. He recounted his efforts to start the "Tbeocrat," and bis failure and return i-n +r,o nr,mmnnlt-,v. whose ürinciples so haunted him that he feared he would be damned. He intended the paper shorld be an organ of the Deity and the church, benevolent associations, etc. He remained at the community one year Once while there he threatensd to blow them up, but flnally decided to have nothing to do with the cursed thing. At tliia point Guiteau made a speech to the crowd in court, He saidhe was a slave while there ; thought he wouid go to heil if lio recanteci tna aoeumt, and was "almost a cranked man ;" and while he did not know but be was going to heil, he went to New York instead, and, undertheinfluence of christian asssciations, had the glamour removed from bis eyes and applied tor editorial positions on the New ork Tribune, the Independent, and In New Haven ; but all werecrammed, jammed ML GUITEAU ON THE STAND. The conrt opened Wednesday ing witb many insanity experts in the room to study the demeanor of the prisoner. Guiteau identified several posters and programmes relating to his lectures. In opposition to the wishes of his counsel, he refused to answer direct questions. but would teil his story in his own ' straighi-forward way," and again went over his connection with the Oneida community. Said Noyes was 'believed to be the immediate prophet of God, and Guiteau so considered him, and says he never got over his belief in inspiration ; still believed Deity would inspire him to do good, as He did Paul and Uhrist. lie ureaien Scovil'.e andwifo coldly wlien they visited the community becausehe believea tbat if he had commnnication with outsiders it was starting straight to heil, He went from town to town selling his lectuies whore he was not allowed to speak. ín Newark. K. J., he had a eood house. The people ref used to b uy his lectures. He told them somethmg about their souls which set them thinking During the narrative he continualiy substituted 1868 for 1878, but fmaíly corrected himself. He said one Wednesday night he' went to bed greatly depressed and íinally the thought carne to him that if Garlield was removed all would be well Had bis rnind made up that this was necessary, and that the Lord had mspired him to do the act because he had brains and nevve, and thought the same to-day. He believed also that God intended thus to advertise his book written to save souls. At this point Guiteau was very dramatic, and emphasized vrith his feet. He had no doubt of divinity of his inspiration, and if God did not intend him to do it he would have interposed to prevent it. He prayed God to interfere if his inspiration was not divine. He then passed to his jail experience, and complained that he was sliut off from all reporters except Mr. Bailey, whom he supposed was a Ilerald man. but found aftervvards that he was Col. Corkhill's stenographer. He gave him 40 columns of his Ufe, ana oniy i were printed. He said he wrote bis canipaign speech on the supposition that Grant would be norninated, and when Garfleld was nominated, he had to change it all. Arthur had it printed. Undertook to deliver it at Toughkeepsie, but it rained and no one came ; and at Saratoga it was too hot. Then sent it all over the country, and it was printed in some papers. Only had one assignment to speak for the national republican committee. That was at Twenty-fifth street, New York, and only spoke a few minutes, as he did not like the crowd. Gave copies of his speech to reporters. Was on free and good terms with Arthur, Jewell and others. Gave Garfleld a copy of his speech in New York, Aug. 8. Saw Garüeld in the White TTouse and anplied for the Paris ate. Had no subsequent interview. Saw Blaine frequently and urged his claims. Blaine was pleasant, except the last time he saw him. When Blaine said to him "Never speak to me on the subject again," it hurt his feelings, and he tried to see Garñeld, but íailed! Wrote Garñeld many letters, but got no satisfaction. Wasworried over the political situation, andthought the nation was coming to grief. Newspapers had the same idea. He said three times in life he had c'aimed special inspiration : once when he weut to the Oneida community; once when attemptlng to estabiish the Theocrat in New York, and the last time when he shot the president. He had had wonderml eviusnces 01 uoü s care all along. The Lord saved his lif e when he jumped from a train at Newark, and also'in the Narraganset disaster ; and here in Washington, when attempts were made to kill him, God protected him. When Guiteau described Jones' attempt to shoot him, and the providential cramping of the wheel of the van, he became very excited and shouted, "I have off ered my lif e for the will of tbe Deity, and I have never had a doubt that God directed me." He eonsidered Garfield as his friend ; had nothing against him ; his oniy desire was to unite the factions of the republican party and prevent civil war, and he now believed the time would come when the people would say "Guiteau, the patroit," instead of "Guiteau, the assassin." He had a distinct recollection of the shooting, and when he got to his cell said, "Thank God, itis over." For 20 years he believed that he would eventually become president by act of God, as Lincoln and Garfleld did, and did not press his suit against the New York Herald, because he didn't want that paper to oppose him politically. Since he had been in jail he had nounced that he was in search of a wif e. No harm in that, he supposed. This closed his direct examination, and Mr. Porter then commenced his cross-examination. GUITEAU'S OROSS-EXAMINATION. In replying to the cross-questioning of Judge Porter, Guiteau was often wiley and evasive. He said that if Masón and Jones, who shot at him, could prove that they were inspired by the Deity, they would be justiüed. Judge Porter asked whether Mason and Jones should be punished anyway, whether he escaped or not. Guiteau ref used to answer, and told Porter he had seen him frighten witnesses in New York, but he could not scare him, as he would give as good as was sent. A long series of questions tending to show that previous witnesses had tesI tifled that Guiteau was not always teaceful were answered by "I don't remember." Judge Porter asked in an emphatic voice if Guiteau remembereá saying at the depot he shot tbe President- "vou. and not the Deity ?" teau answered that the counsel need not shake lus fluger at him. He would not scare. Judge Torter proceeded to the prisoner's boarding house experience, in relation to which he was reluctant to answer, but was required to by the court. He told of several instances where he could not pay his board bilis, and it was because he had no money. When he carne to Washington last March he had $4. Borrowed $25 from Mr. Maynard, and several days later boaght the pistol to execute the divine will in reinoving Garfleld. He did not remember sayiag that he chose the prettiest pistol because it would look the best in the library of the state partment, but if he had said so ït was recently. Porter asked why he practiced shooting at saplings if the Deity was to shoot Garfleld. Guiteau replied that counsel was going too deep into outward acts. The motive was the thing. "The motive was tokill Garfleld, was it not?" asked Porter. "The motive was to remove the President for the good of the American people." Guiteau declined to say whether he would have killed Garfleld if Conkling had been secretary of state, whether Conkling would have suited Blaine as secretary, or whether, if Blaine had been vice-presidemt, he would have killed Garfield. He inaisted that if after June lst the Paris consulate had been pressed on him he would have committed the murder, as the inspiration was then on him. When asked if he had any ill-will against his sister when he raised the ax against her, or against his brother when he slapped him, he denied having done either. He further said that Garfield owed his election to Grant and Conkling, and that when he appointed Blaine he insulted them and made the inspiration f or his removal necessary. Guiteau admitted that if he had ten the Paris consuiship, he would have feit under obligation to support Blaine, at the same moment pounding the rail, saying: "ïhat's the way politics run; you tickle me and 111 tickle you.' [Applause.] When asked about his intimacy with llepublic leaders, he becíime excited. Said he had met Conkling at various places. Once on the street; but when pushed for dates declared he would not be frightened by counsel. Never was inspired to believe that Garfield would be renominated. llefused to answer several questions, and iinally broke out with the statement that Garfield should have stuck to Grant and Conkling.-.wlio made Min' and cast Blaine overboard. Blaine used him for his own purposes. ed closely to say wlio toia mm uarfleld's death would unite the party, lie said Ilis inspiration did. Human life was of little value if one was ready to go. No doubt Ga rfleld is happier now than any man on earth. His christian character was excellent, but he was in a position to do public harm, and the Diety prompted his removal. The cross-examination of Guitsau was completed on the 16th day of the trial. The answers given were but a repetition of the idiocy and impiety oí the previous day. He repeated also the story of bis crime, howhe had watched for the President, with pistol in possession, from Blaine's house to the White House, and throngh the windows at ehurch. "Did not know of a better plaee to remove a good man than at bis chhreh." Went to the jail about the Brst week of June. Wanted to see the accommodations there. Was there only once. His motive in visiting the jail was to look atits interior. Expected to live in it after the removal of the President. The prisoner here look up a paper uid ref sed to answer questions unless sometliing new was asked, and Scoville said he thought the prisoner's objections were well founded. A legal spat again took place between Scoville and Porter. Continuing, the witness said when at the depot July 2d, he went to the water-closet, where he remained for a short time. Tdok out the pistol and wiped it. When he carne out saw Blaine and Garfield in most intimate relations in the rotunda, engaged In close conversation. Shot twice at the president in the back. Feit remorse at the deed, but his duty to American interests impelled him to do it. Jwdge Porter then announced that the cross examination was done. Mr. Scoville then called Dr. Alex Hall of Columbus, Ohio, who testifled to seeing the prisioner. "Was then engaged in the laudable enterprise of trying to lecture on theology and to sell au inspirecl volume of his own authorship and wbich he said w;is one of the flnest literary productions that ever emanated from an inspired pen. Mr. Scoville called Emery A. Storrs, Charles B. Farwell and other witnesses, but as none of them responded the court adjourned. The Guiteau trial Saturday took its interest from the distinguished character of the witnesses called. Emory Storrs of Chieago, was called, but his testimony was disappoiuting to the defense, which had called Mm. Mr. Storrs said he knew Guiteau in Chieago as a young lawyer ; saw him perhaps a dozen times at the national Kspublican eomraittee rooms in JSew York during the ate presidential canvass. The prisoner come up to bim gleef ully and patting him on the shoulder said, " You are on theright track." Witnees never saw Guiteau doing anything at the committee rooms other than rading the papers. He seemed to have no special employment. In April saw the prisoner at Washington. He said that he wae going to have the Austrian mission. The witness told him that the place was an important one, and in Mr. Blaine's line, and that he (Mr. Blaine), was a known politieian. The prisoner replied that hewas "solid with Blaine." Witnoss thought the conver3ation was leading up to a request for him (witness) to visit Mr. Blaine in Guiteau's interest, and forestalled it by saying that his relations with Mr. Blaine were such that he could not possibly aid liim (the prisoner) any. The witness had formed an opinión as to Guiteau's mental size, but could not expresa an opinión as to his sanity or insanity, II is j impression was that Guiteau had an ill-balanced mind. In common parlance, he did not have good common sense. Upon cross examination the witness said he never saw anything in Guiteau to indícate that he could not distinguish between right and wrong, never saw anvthins: in the conduct of the prisoner that woultl indícate that lie I did not know the difference between I guilt or innocence; never saw anything I to indícate tliat he would not be ! I sible f or crime. Mr. Scoville noted j eral exceptions to rulings of Judge Cox in favor of the admission of these 1 plies. The evidence created quite a I stir in the court room and seemed to I stagger those about the defense table. The sister of the prisoner was particularly affected, and in tones distinctly j caught by the reporters, said: "He has perjured himself ; that is all there is about ít. I David Davis was also called, and catechised as to his knowledge of divisions and factions in the Kepublican ] party and bis "opinión" ias to what i would cause its "disruption." lie disclaimed any personal knowledge oí breacbes in the party, as be had not gone into its cau cuses, and, asa matter of "opinión," which was in a line of examinationbecouldnot understand, he thought the Eepublican party would not die until the Democratie party is dead. Prisoner then read a long list or 1 tinguished uanaes he wished to have j summoned to show the political 1 tion of the country last spring. James B. Kienian, aninsanity expert, I was on the stand Mondsy. Had studied I mental diseases some. In reply to a question by Scovillc, he said it was I t:ue that the prisoner's habits were re ally as deseribed;if insanity prevailed in the family; i f many persons had declared him insane; and it was true that he had been dominated by an idea that ] he was inspired; the witness on such assumption, would regard the prisoner as iusane. Said that a man who belifivedhewas commandedby God would act the same as any other man. j eau cried out, "God interjects an idea into me. I work it out ray ovvn way. God always gets the best brains to do I his work- not fools." (Laughter.) Guiteau got excited because Davidge, in a cuestión used the word "vulgar," and said there was nothing vuigar in the case, everything being high-toned. (Laughter.) Guiteau smiled approval upon the laughters. The subject of emotional insanity, inspiraüonal, and hereditary insanity, were further discussed, and Guiteau broke out with the remark: "Well, if the political situation had not been whatit was during last spring thede would have been no occasion f or my inspiration." The audience laugbed at this remark, and Guiteau looked around approvingly. The witness stated that probably one person in five was insane. "Ah," said Mr. Davidge "that does not leave much chance f or many of os," "No," broke out Guiteau, "that takes you in, judge." "Well," said Mr. Davidge, "if one person in flve is insane, two of the jurors in this case are doomed." Mr. Scoville: "Probably the lawyers will take their places." This was received with a loud peal of laughter frotn the audience. Guiteau grinned again, and patted Scoville on the back approvingly. On Tuesday, Bichará I. Ilinton, oí Washington Gazette,testifiedthat in his opinión Üitteau was an ill-balanced egotist.and his campaign speech a ridiculous, disjointed aflalr. Guiteau spran g to his feet at this and shouted out that the witness didn't know what he was talking about; that the speech received the endorsement of the whole country; and that he had rather be hung as a man than acquitted as a fooi. Dr. Chas. H. Nichols, of the Bloomingdale Asylum, testiüed that if the evidence produced by the defense was true it created the presumption of insanity. Dr. Folsom, of Boston, said that if the hypothesis of the deiense that Guiteau beheved lie wafl inspireu to shopt the President was true, he was undoubtedly insane; and Dr. W. W. Godding, of the Insane Asylum at Washington, Dr. James II. McBride, of Milwaukee, and Dr. Thee. W. Fisher, of Brooklyn, Mass., gave the same answer to the hypothetical question. Mr. Scoville said that he would only introduce two or three more witnesses before closing the case. Guiteau interrrupted with a demand f or subpenas for Gen. Grant, Conkling, Jewell, and others. No objection being offered to his interruption, he followed it with a wild and incoherent harangue. Scoville evidently thought Guiteau was doing well with the jury, even better than the experts, and let him rave, until Judge Cox put a stop to the nonsense. A very fatal and terrible sourge among animáis is tlie disease kuowu as charbon, maliguant postule oí 8pknie fever. la Franco the annual loss from this cause has been estimated at 20,000,000 f. or $3.800,000. The disaase is coutagioua and at limes passes f rom the brul e croation to the human, producing a most loathsotne condition. Hitherto it hm becn largely beyond treatrueut. It has been ntither curable nor praventable. This has now been cbanged. At the late International Medical Congress held in Lindon, Eagland, M. Pasteur, the Frenchmau reudtred illustrious by his rescarches on fermentatiori and spoutaceous gentration, called tion to au cmeient mode or preveatiou. It c insista in the preparation of a material aud inocularon of the animáis with it to thotame mauner a3 human being3 are vaccinated íor the prsveution of small pox. As an experiment Pasttur tcok fiúy sheep, vaccinated twenty-five and after a fortnight inoculated them wich the diseas . The result was thüt the vaccinated were all proof againet tha cuutagion, but of tbeunvaceioated every one toük spíenic féver aud ditd -.vitliiu fifty houra. J. A. E., Belton: "Why do you put more thian ono 'n in tlie word tenant in an advertisement regarding farm torent?" You are tlie second crank who has ciilled our attention ío ttiat matter. We have inquired of the party who wrote the ad. and he says tliit experience has taught liim that tenant with a doublé "n" have more energy and enterprise, and are mor likely to cultívate their crops and pay rent than tenant with only one "n", and he says lie would not rent to any other kind. Now, we hope that will satisfy you, and that you won't enrage ua with any further interrogations on this subject.


Old News
Ann Arbor Democrat