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The Farm

The Farm image
Parent Issue
Day
1
Month
June
Year
1883
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

Hazel Wylde, in an exchange, speaks thus to farmers' daughters: May not the dangliters of farmers be both beauüful and accomplished? Some of them are, for beauty is better than mere comely looks, and home aceomplisb menta, likewisc, excel those o: more ornamental than useful kind. ] think the farrner's daughters may, however, safely crave and strive for, the ornamental and the mental. None of 08 must run in advance of our station so far as to despise it. But we were all created with desires and faculties capable of much development. It must be right to allow the development and aid it diligently. I haye known of young women whose homes have ahvays been upon farms, and still they have given attention to culture and mental growth, vvhile not by any ineans neglecting the substantial occujiations of the household. One young woman, upon whom devolves much of the responsibility of the farm family, haw found, and is, mcanwhile, pursuing the best shc can, her personal vocation. To her brothers and sisters look for syrupathy and assistance, vet she finds some hours, now and then, for her beloved art, and not few are the excellent pictures testifying to her persistence in study and work combined, as well as to her patience. In fact, besides the happiness she cxperienccs in using well her God-given talent, she is now reaping the benefit pecuniarily, which she has, doubtless, reason to value. Nutriment in Grain and Hay. Western Ilural. Corn is a fat-produeing food. lts ' giving elcments predomínate so largely that it is not gtted for constant feeding, except to lay on fat at the cost of suffering loss to the general animal system. It is hardlv worth while to take it into consideraron as a nutritious food and is wholly unfit to feed exclusively, or in any great quantity to colts. It is in no sense what the developing system of a young animal needs. TV; value of a food for this class of animáis and for animáis that are heavily worked is in the protein they eontain, and cornmou corn contains only f rom eight V. i fourteen per cent. of that. In a thousand pounus, therefoi'e.jiorn may be fairly cousidered as possessing a hundred pounds of nutriment. Of course we oan not wholly throw away the other elementa as being useless, but they are so subordínate to the one uamed in point of nutrition, that in notieing a subject like the one ander consideration, it is not worth while to attempt to determine their value. Oats will average larger in protein than corn will, and are a pre-eminently nutritious food, as even' one of experienco knows. They vary very much in the proportions of their elements. bnt an average lot of oats is worth doublé for feed for borses and colts that corn is, and that is stating it quite mildly. ïimothy averages about six per cent. of protein, but is valuable also as furnishing bulk, the value of which cannot bo accurately estimatcd. How to Extermínate Burdocks. Docks are most numerons in the rich grounds adjacent to the house andbarn, and in the fenee corners. As each onc, when permittcd to go to seed, produces about 10,000 seeds, they are bound to spread and occupy all the ground. The Burdock i annoying and disagreeable, inving to the fact that the burs aclhere to evcrything they come in contact with. The colts get their manes and tails filled with them, they cling to the faces and tails of the calves and cows, :md the dog is tonnented by their adhering to his soft hair. In fact, they are a perfect nuisanee. The best way to get rid ox docka is to spade them out, and lay the roots np to dry. If that is considered to be too laborious a job, take a sharp hoe and cut them ofl just belov Lhe surf ace of the ground, and in a few weeks go over them again, cutting all ofl" that have sent out new leavos. Going over them i few times in this way will iinish them all. In half a day's time a man with a sharp hoe will generally cut all such weeds that are growing on an ord'nary :arm, and it is culpable negligence if iiey are not destroyed. 1 ünd no dilliculty in keeping the weeds cut, and all the odd chores about the buildings done in parts of rainy days, when there is not time after the rain is over to go to the fields before dinner or supper. The same treatment may be applied to wild carrots audwild parsnips, for as Esr as my observation extends they only aecome noxious weeds when they are permitted to ï'ipen their seeds in fence corners, and in the vicinity of the garden or farm buildings. When weeds and briers are allowed ;o fill up the fence corners and thrive along the roadside, the farm presents a very unthritty and unsighly appearance. B few of the half days that are spent at ;he village tavern, grocery or store, talking politics, if not in some worse way, will eradicate them all, thus addng rnuch to the convenience and looks as well as the value of the premises. Facts for Farmers. Hundreds of carloads of TSfebraska corn are being taken by the farmers of llinois and Iowa. Sorghum cane stalks, after they are crushed, are called bagasse. It makes excellent fuel, and saves the expense of wood or ooal. A bagasse burner is milt like a baker's oven; it is some ten eet long and requires a good draft. It is stated that northern farmers will have to compete with a very heavy erop of early southern potatoes this year. the high pnces of last season havng induced unusually large planting. The Massachusetts Ploughman says hat whenever ve sell hay we begin to ell the fertility of our farms, and must replace the lost elements by fertilizers rom beyond the limits of the farm. F. ü. Curtis says that barnyard manures have a niueh greater value for rrowing crops than the chemist's crucijlc shows. Chemists eannot give their 'uit constituent valne; and then agaifi he value of onc ton is not the value of another. It is said that dissolving saltpetre and prin kliüg the viues with it as soon as hey are above ground, will repelí the trïped bug wliich attacks squash vines. Hon. M. P. Wilder says he would set strawberri(!S for exhibition in August and keep them single plants: for marcet he would set in spring and let the )lants cover the ground Strength is rained by taking off the runners, espe;iidly the late ones. A butter maker, writing to the Iowa ïomestead, says the best butter color is a pailful of eornmoal mush, fed warm once a day, the corn to be of the yelïow ■ariety; adding that it will increase the milk and butter as well as give a good olor. The Iowa Register says P. V. Lawon, of Menesha, will plant near the hore of Green Bay G0.000 osier willow uttings from England and Belgium, vhich he has ordered for the purposo of making a thorough trial of raising wilows for the Eastern willow mamifacturrs. Dr. Fleminsr, the distinguished veternarian, has diseovered a minute vegetble parasite in the white oheesy matter bund in swellings on the jaws and broats of cattle, and commonly supposd to bo icrofuloua or tuberculous deosit and decay ot the tissue of the )one. It is believed that many tumors n the jaws of eattle are due to this ause. M. Goffart, the discoverer of conservng green fodder in tronches or silos, statos tbat thore is nothing in the process (ensilage) but can be varied, such as tho form of the silo, its construction as to niaterials, &c, save the most vigorous atteniion to the close packing of the inoss so as to keep out the air- the exclusión of the latter is the secret of ensjlage. J. C. Plum in the Western Farmer, points out that the great danger in the use of grafting wax is that if too soft the oil or grease will penétrate and iill the scion. To avoid this, he shields the graft from sun and wind by wrapping a strip of paper around it, which adheres lirmly to the wax. He says also that it is important tbat every creyice be kept waxed up.

Article

Subjects
Old News
Ann Arbor Democrat