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Secretary Folger has ustrcndered an important decisión with regard to the construction of section 7 oí the Tarifï law, relating to packages and coverings oL imported merchandise. He holds that the cost or valué of the outside covorings into which goods are finally put lor carriage is not to be taken as part jr in admtion tothc valué of the goods, nor the valué oí the goods to be considered a? enhanced by reason oí outside coverings havine been out about them. The cost to the manufacturar and Wholesale forelgn dealer of the boxes, cartons and other things whicliarc put within, or upon, or about the goods by ilim as part of his preparation of them for exposure to sale, is not to be inquired for as ar. arbitrary part of the market value, and that cost in exact amount ailded to the alroady ascertained market value of the goods as part of the dutiable value thereof. Though that cost may be an element in the evidence of what is the value of the goods, and may so far be considered the dutiable value of thé goods, :t is not to be the market value which they would have if they wcre oiïered for sale without that preparation. The dutiable value of goods is the actual market value or wholesale priee thereof and the condition.linish and niwivu aui Buit; iu wnicü mey are nnauy 01fered by foreign merchants to negotiatins customers, and for which they will and do sell them, though that value nr price be enhanced because of that finish or "preparation, and though a part oí that preparation consists in plaeing in or upon ar about the poods, bxes, cartons, paper cards or other iike things. THB JEAUNETTE VICTI1IS. It is expected at the navy department that Lieut. Harber, who was sent to Siberia to assist iu the Jeanne'te search, and who was aftmvards ordeied to bring to America the bodies of Lieut. DeLong, Dr. Ambier and Jerome Collins, will leave Irkutsk about JNoyember 1 next, and will reach the Umted States with the bodics some time in January. . GENIUS WOBTIIY A BETTEK CAUSB. An ingenious method of raising the fl"urcs on the new postal notes has jast been brought to the attention of thü postoffice department. The fraud consists in pucching from a high figure on the note a piece of paper of tte proper shape and size to flli up the hole previousij' punctied by the pootmastcr through a lower ngure. The writtcn wor ds or figures are tien removed by acids and the blanks filled in to correspond with the punched figures. Some íiuueo nave neen cuangca so sKülfuily that it 13 very difflcult to detcct alterations. POSTMAI.TEHS' SALEKIES. The readjustment of postmasters' salaries has been completed and the readjusted salaries went into effect October 1. By this chance 2,1T6 postmasters' salaries are effected. Fortyfour offices have been added to the list of presldential offices, making the total nnmber of such offices on the ürst oí October 2,175, the salaries of which amount to 13,750,000. TO WlIOlr IT MAÏ' CONCERN. The following circular has been issued froin the Department of Agricultura: A eonvention of representativos of all the classes interested in the animal industries of the United States will be held in Chicago Thursdav and Friday, November 15 and 1(, for a conférence concerning contagious diseases among our domestic animáis. In addition to addresses and reports, the following topics are proposed for discussion. First, the extent to whick contagious diseases exist among domestic luiuB iu uiis country; seconü, the modes by which they are introduced or dissommated ; tbird, the methods by which they may be eradicated or infected districts be isolated; fourth, the efficiency of cxisting legislation relativo to suëh diseases. It 5 desired that this convention may bc national and thoroughly representative ia its eharacter. The time and place bas beer selected for the convenience of a largo number of those directly interested in thuquestions to be discu6sed,whoareexpected to be in attendance at the annual fat stock show uuder the auspices of the Illinois State Board of Agriculture, and the meeting of a mitnber of important live stock associations to be held during the con tinuance of this show. Agricultura!, live stock and dairy asscciations are invited to send representatives, and all persons interested in breeding, rearing, transporting, importino' or exporting any class of farm animáis will be wclcomed to the con ention. (Signed) GEO. B. LORING, Commissioner oí Agricultura. SEPTEMBEIi'S STATEMENT. The following is a statement of the public debtfor themonthof September: Interest bearing debt- Bonds at three aud one-balf percent.! 9,143,000 Four and one-haLE per cents 250,000 000 Four per cents. . . . 787,613,880 Three per cents 305,529,000 - Refunding certilicates 332,750 Navy pension fund 14,000,000 Total interest bearing debt. . .$1,316,617,600 00 Debt bearine no interest - Matured debt 5,648.665 Legal tenders 346,739,871 Certiflcates of de-.. posit 11,945,000 Gold and silver eertifleates 176,985,481 Fractional curren-. ey 6,992,996 Total without interest 542,663,258 00 Total debt (principal) $1,864,924,523 00 Total interest 12,337,683 00 Toval cash in treasury 355,450,670 00 Debt less cash in treasury 1,521,811,535 00 Decrease during September. . . 14,707,229 00 Decrease of debt since June 30, 1883 29,279,671 00 Current llabiiities - Interest due and unpaid 2,027,133 00 Debt on which interest has . ceased 5,648,666 00 Interest thereon 303.384 00 Gold and silver certiiicates.. . 176,985,481 ÜO Uiiited States notes held for redemption certlöcates of deposit 11,945,1)00 00 Cash balance avaüable September 1 158,546,000 00 Total 355,450,070 00 Available assetts- Cash in treasury 355.450,070 00 Bonds issued to Pacine Railroads, interest payable by United States, principal outstanding 64,638,512 00 Interest accrued, and not yet paid 909,352 00 Interest paid by United States 59,322,093 00 Interest repaid by companies by trausportation service... 17,02S,522 00 By cash payments - five per cent net earnings 655.198 00 Balance of interest paid by the United States 41,538,372 00 NEWS NOTES A BKAVE MAN'S DEA!1!! John Buil, engineer of tlie "Thunderbolt' passenger train od the New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio Roail, died at Akron, Ohio, from injuries y collision with the freight at Talmadge. He might have saved his Hfe by jump ing, tut hetnought of thepassengers, rcvereei! the engine, put on the air brakes, then put on full steam, started the engine ahead ana broke loose from the care. The passengere were uuhurt. He lived at Galion and was the oldest engiueer on the road. A PRISONEK BUIINEI) TO DEATH. The small Jail iu Ashville, O., was burned a few days ago, and one prisoner, nameunknown, burned to death He was an umbrelU atender, and claimed to come from the Dayto.i Soldier's Home. He had considerable nioney, and it is thought he was murdered and the building burned to conceal the crimt. CONVENTION OP COLORED MEN'. The flrst day of the convention of calored men in Louisville, Ky., was devoted mainly to organization, and the seleetion of a permanent chairman, which honor was conferred upon the Hon. Fred. Douelass. At the opening of the convention on the second day, Mr. Douglass, the Douglass of the colored race, ddivertd a most eloquent and interesting speech. He reviewed the history of the colored race since emancipatlon, often becoming sarcastically severe on the government, and particularly on the Republican party, which he said had not been faithful to its platform principies, and ouglit nolonger to receive the support of the colored men. He set forth in caustic language the necessity of putting forth every eitort to secure political and social equallty lor t'ie race. After the appointment of coimnittees and the transaction of other business, the convention was ready for active work. A CRANK APTER THE BUITISH CONSÜI-,. Great excitement wascaused in the neighborhood of 1he Britieh Con6ulate New Yoik the other afternoon by the report of two pistol shots and tbc spectaele of a hatless ïnnn ning at the top of his speed. The fugitive was pursued and eaptured by a policeman. He gave the name of Feenej, and it was then learned that he had attempted to take the life of the ISntish Consul by Uring two shots at him VV lien the prisoner was taken to the station house he described himself as John A. Feeney aged 2ü years, an Irishman by birth and a coach man by trade. His appearance was sickly and he said he had recently been discharged from a hospital in Buffaln. He declared that he had come from Canada on purpose to kill the Britïsh Consul, who had been Hbelling his charac ter. It wa6 evident that he was of unsound mind. FINANCKS IN CANADA. The gnvcrnment accounts for the fiscal year - - ■"(-, v uuu tjfj iiac juot uccil muur up ÜIJU loot as follows : Receipts, $35,888,334; expenditures, 138,805,229; surplus, $7,083,105. This is the largest surplus ever had in any year since the date of eonfederation. The surplus for 1881-82 was $6,316,000. In neither case does the surplus include the proceeds from land sales in the Derthwest. DAKOTA'S CAPITAL - "WIIE1ÍE IS IT? The executive order issued at Bismarck by the dovernor of Dakota, seryed on James H. ieiler, Secretary of Dakota, and a brother of the Secretary of the Interior, authorizet., dlrects and orders him to move hls office, archives, books, records, papers, Feal and all public property in his possession to Bismarck, cept me legislativo furniture and Territorial IIbrary. The order is dated September llth scrved on the 22a, to be obeyed in flfteen days from date. Teller n reply, under a loiie letter to Ordway, whlch is as complete a legal document as a most carefully drawn lawyer's brief, declines to obey the order, taking the ground that before the settleraent of the case a dispute regarding the locatlon of the seat of government the Secretary is judge of the eituation, and that he is subject only to orders irom the United States Government, as he is custodian oí government property. In the abca Tï n n rv r -i 1 1 s ' i . . , I ■■■!! 1_ _ l i i ■ ■ _ "'■""' ■-"■ juíciai ruiiug iie noius tnat heiscom])etent to judge whether or not the ehange is desirable. He says fn any event he is subject to removal, but such order must come fromthe bead of the departinent which he is properly subordínate Referring to the decisión oí Judge Edgerton declartng the capital commission aet unconstitutional. Teller says: "As thií svvovu offlcer of the government I recognize the obligation to regard not only the letter but the spirit of the law, and as this decisión Is the law until rever6ed by a eourt of competent jurisdietion, I cannot consent tobe a partv to any act which wil] appear to disregard it " He therefore declines to obey the order, and wishes to be understood as having no personal interest in the controversy The books of the auditor S Ollio.e wpro taken frnm Vow K„ order of Governor Ordway. THE EX-nUSBAND'S TESTIMONY. AStratford, Conn., dispatch to the New ïork Sun says that the testimony of Norman Ambler, Rose's divorced husband.bears heavily against Lewis, as also does tbat of George femith, thouehinalesserdesree. Amblerswore that he and Rose lived happily together untll Lewis came between them ; that Rose would leave her room late at night in response to Lewi6's signáis; that he remonstrated against her eonduct, and told her she mustgive up him or Lewis; that her eonduct grew better.but the imtmacy was soon renewed, when he sent ber home to her father. Witness had not furnish ed Ro3e with money for a divorce suit, and beheved the funds had keen supplled by Lewis. The latter had won f rom him the love of a goodbut very flckle women, had breken up ui uuuit auu uiastcu nis ure. He was asked by Coroner Holt, "Wlio do you think killed Rose Amblerí and after a little hesitation answered, "I think Will Lewis can teil all about it." AN'OTHEK CARELESS BOILER INSPECTOR The propellor Colorado of the Commercial line exploded her boiler, a few miles from Buffalo, N.Y., the other day. The f orce of the explosión wasupward, and all the upper works aft of the cabin were demolished. As soon as an examination could be made it was ascertaiued that several lives had been lost, and several others so badly burned and otherwise Injured that death must soon come. FORTY CHIXAMEN LBSS. An explosión at the California powder works Stege's station, Cal., the scène of several recent disasters, resulted in the death and horrible mansliDg of 40 Chinese out of a working force of 42. One white is reported injurcd. FATAL BAILKOAD ACCIDENT. Between 5 and 6 o'clock the other morniag a senous accident oceurred on the Minneapolis fc St. Louis Iioad about two miles bevond Sliakopee at the f oot of a steep grade known as Chaska Hill, by whieh four men wre kfllort Two freights were coming into Shakopee when the rear portion of the first section broke loose and run bark into the other which was iust rounding the curve in the ascent of the hill. A portion of theforward freightwas telescoped and the engine and several cars of the last freight was badly wreeked, killing al most, instan tly the cngineer and fireinan and brakeman; also a mansupposed to be a cattledrover. A whole car load oí cattle were killed in the accident. TRAIN ItOBBERS' WORK. Burt Loomis, express messenger on the Wabash Road, was overpowered aud robbed the other night between Roann and Peru, Ind. It is supposed about $1,500 were taken from the car. After the train passed Laketon, twenty miles from Peru, three masked men entered the express car from the rear and knocked the messeoger insensible and gagged him. No other train men were in the car at the time. It is supposed that the robbers boarded the train at the Chicago & Atlantic crossing, where the last stop was made after leaving Laketon.and passcd dircctly into the express car. Two suspicious persons have been arrested at Logansport, supposed to be implicated in the robbery. WAS' THAT BOILElt INSPECTED! The boiler of the steamer J. S. Robinson, which lay at the foot of VVestsrloo Street Albany, N. Y.. exploded with frightful foree', instantly killing Capt. Geo. S. Warner and Firemiin William Cleary, and serlously injuring Fred Tinslar, engineer, who was blown into the water and narrowly escaped drowning, and Willard Durand andMelville Ryan, deck hands. Richard VanZandt, son of Capt. VanZant, of the tug Cora, from New Baltimore, lyingalongsicte the RobiDson, was also injured. Captain UobiusoD, of the Hattie M. Betts, was blown from his pilot-house on the wharf and severely injureá. The Betts, which lay at the stern of me ivuumsim, was uamageü i,uuu. THe (Jora, alongside, was a total wreek, and the C. P. (irout, lying ahead of the Robinson, had the joiuer work carried awav and machinery damaged. AN UNFAVORABLE OPESTJNG. The West Shore road was opened from Svraeuso, N. Y., to New York city the other Öay. Tvvo passenger trains eollided near Fort Plain completely wrecking both engines and several ears. The engineer oL the eastern bound train was instantly killed. A passenger on the west oound train was instantly killea whüe another had hls skull so badly fractured that he lived but a short time. About 20 others ere inore or leas injured. SHARON'S SORIIOWS. Senator Sharon states in reference to the charge of adultery brought aealnst him by Aggie HUI, who claims to be hls'wife, that he will takc immediate measures to punish bis traducers to the full extent of the law. jje characterizos the scheme as one of a characterless woman and unscrupulousman toextort money and he ref uses to be p!ucked. It is stated by the other side that Gov. Richards, of Wisconsin, who attended the wedding of the Senator's daughter, to Sirïhos. Haskett,will testify that he heard Sharon acknowledge that he had been secretly married to Miss lüil.


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Ann Arbor Democrat