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Arthur's Farewell

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rresldent Arthur's last message was sent to Coogress on the lst lnst. The message opens as follows : Since the close of your last session the American people in the exerclse ol the highest right of suffrage have chosen their chtef magistrate for the four jears ensulng. When it is remembered that at no period in the country's history hs the long political contest which customarily precedes the day of the nattonal cl' ctlon been waged with greater fervor aud intensity, it is a eubject of congratulation that after the controverBy at the polls was over, aDd while the slight prepotderance by which the issue had been determinedwasas jet unaseertained, the public peace ssuffurtd no ötsturkance, but the people everywhcre patiently and quitely awaited the result. Nothirig could more strikingly illu9trate the temper of the AmeHcan citizen, his love of order and his loyalty to the law. Nothing could more tignally demónstrate the strengthand wi6dom of our political institutions. He then calis attention to the urgent need for the nactment of some legislation providing for more precise and deflniteregulation for counting the electoral vote before another presidential election shall occur to distract the country. Our foreign relations were next touched upon. With Belgium a convention has been signed securingto citlzens of elther country within tbe jurisdiction of the other, cqual rights and privileges ín the acquiBition and alienation of property. A cocvention is being negotïated for the arbitration of the claims of citizens of the United State who suftered loss in the war between (Jhili and Peru. The unpleasantncss between France and China is alluded to, and the statement made that the claims of all American citlzens who sultered loses in the receut (Janton rlots bad beea promptly paid. He also recommeuds that tne Cantón indemnity fund be returned to China, and also refers to the treaty with China permitting the restrlctlon of Chinese immigration, and the possibility that trouble may arise regarding Chinese who left this country with return certiticates granted under the old law, but were debarred f rom landing by the provlsions of the new 'aw. In view of the fact that our commercial im portance in the east has been greatly enhanced he rt commends that a uniform rate be proyided for the reaistratton and documentation of our vesseJs in eastern waters. The flagof the international association of the Congo feas been recognized as that of a friendly government, but the Uuited states is non-committal as to tae question of territorial claims in that country. lltcommendation is made that the United States purchase suitable premises for the use of lts legislation at variou6 foreign courts, thus effectiug a saviDg of rental, and the better maintain the dtgnity of the United States. The President advlses the re6toration of the agency and confuíate -general at Cairo, on its former basis, as a means of better promoting ourintercourse.withEgypt. It is not the wish of this government to withdraw from the hocorable poeitio they have hitherto held with respect to tae Khedive, or that citizens of this rtpublic sojoarning in Egypt be without the aid and protectlon of competent representativee, Our relations with France continue cordial. He recommends thit congressional action be taken in rtlation to the Bartholdl statue, acd timely aid be rendered for the completion of the pedestal. Our relations with Germany are cordial. Our extradición treaties with Germany are not as effec Ive as they should ba because of the confederation of Ihe Germán states. The President recommends a single canvention of extradition to embrace the entire empire. Our relations in the Great Britain are of the mest friendly character. The proviBtons of the existing reciproclty treaty with Hawait will ba continued seven jears. D urine the recent revolution in Hawaii against the established government it bicame necessary to enforce our neurality laws by proceedings which were in every case satisfactory. Good will exisis between our own government, and that of Mexico. Some embarrassment exlsts because of the failure of congress at the last seeslon to provlde means for the re-survey of the Mexican boundary and the location of boundary monuments. He recommends that the con m.jrcial reciprocity treaty concluded January 'i), 18S3, which awaits the necessary tariiï legislatlou of congress to become effectiv?, le one of the first measures to be considered at the present session. The Nicaraguan treaty rfcently cone'.uded, which authorizee tht construction of a canal and railway by the Snn Juan and Lake Nicaraguan route, the President believen, will comtnand universal approval at home and abroad. To the United Statistbe commercial and political advantages of the treatj cannot be ovef-estimated. The approval of the new Spanish commercial treaty, which will soon be submitted to the Se iiate, ís urged. The qutstion of international copyright is brought to the attention of cougress. A recommendation ie made that the scope of tae neuirnlity laws of the United States be so enlarged as to covir all acts of ho&tility committed In our territory against the peace of a friendly nation. He sees no reason why overt preparations in this country for the commission of criminal acts, BUch as are here uuder con&idsration, should rot be alike punishable, whether such act6 are intended to be committed In our own country or in a foreign country with which we are at peace. The prompt and thorough treatment of this question is one which intimately concerns the uational honor. Our naturalizition laws need revisión. The exislÍDg laws have onlv an hi6torical interest, and are entirely inadequate to the needs of thenrestnt. A uniform rule of naturalizaron hould be adopted. A just and unif jrm law n this respect, would etrengthen tne hands of ae governnient in proticting lts citizens broad and would pave the way for the eon lusion of treaties ol naturalization wlth lorign countries. The diplomatic and consular service are disussed and their reorganzitlonrecommended. The condltion of our finances and the operations of the various branches of the treasury department are rpf erred to at length. He concurs wlth the secretary of the treasury In recommending the suspension of the coinage of silver dollars. Ee thinks the fact that out of 1S5,OOO, 00 coined In the past six years, but 40,000,000 have been circuí ated a sufScient reason why coinage should be suspended. He renews hls recomimeEdatien of last year that all excise taxes except those relating to distüled spirits be abolished. Even if they are abollshed the revenue stlll remaining will be suffieient not only to meet all necessary expenses, but also leave a large surplus. Fully recognizing the difflculties of appointng a commission to look af ter our foreien trade ;héPrebident belleves this to bethe only efEectve way of meeting this grave questlon. He agrees with the eecretary of the treasury favoring liberal subsidies to mail transportation as a means to stimulate the investment of American capital in American steainships, and expresseB the opinión that unless some such action be taken our foreign carrying trade must continue to rematn almost exclutively in the hands of forelguers. Of the national baak circulatlon he says : "The three per cent bonds of the government to the amount of more than JlÜ0,000,000 have since my last annual message been redeemed by the treasury. The bonds of that isaus outstanding amount to a little over $300,000,000, about one-fourth oí which wlll be retired through the operations of tbe siokins fund during the coming year, as these bonds stil] continue the chtef basis for the circulatlon of the national banks. I hope that the bill which passed the Senate at the last session, permitting the issue oí notes equal to the face value of dc-posited bonds, will commend ltself to the approval of the House of representatives. Con erntng the "ecominendation of the Secretary of War regarding our sea eoast fortificatloDs he says the time has ow coroe when such fortifleations can be prepared with the confldence that they wlll not prove abortive. H e toncurs wiih the secretary of war in urging that an appropriation be made at once for this purpose. Hls previous recommendation that congress take such action as will enable our government to construct lts ordnance upon its own territory is renewed, and the importance o such action plainly set forth. Of the reconstruction of our navy, he say6 In this, the last of tbe stated messages that I shall have the honor to transmit to the congres of the United States, I cannot too strongly urge on its attention tbe duty of restoring our nav; as rapidly as posBible to the Ligh state of ef ficiency which formerly charactcrUed it. A the long peaee that has lulled us luto a sens of fancied Eccurity may at any time be disturt ed, it is plain that the poliey of. strengtheninj. this arm of the serviré is dictated by conslder alione of use and tcomony, of Juet regard fo our future tranqullity and of a true apprecia ion of the dlgnity and honor of tije republie1 He also alludes ro the work which haa been' done Inthls department. Oar postal service Is next considered. The decrease in letter postage was one oí hls own views, and he was gratiiied that the loss of revenues in that department from the reduction had not been greater than it had- the amount of reduction being $2,275,000. Extensión of the free deilvery service is recommended. He recommends the adoptlon of some measure by whieh attornys and marshalls of the Uuited States be compens&ted sqlely by salaries, and the erection at government expense of a government penltentiary tor the confinement of offenders agalnst lts laws. The President eoncurs wlth the secretary of the interior in advising the repeal of the preemption laws, the enactment of statutes resolving the present legal eomplieationstouching lapsed grants to railroad companieí and the iunding the debt of the several PacISc railroads under sucb guaranty as ehall effeetually secure lts ultimste payment. The Indian question receives flue attentiOD. The President finds cause for re joicing in the f act that our policy with the Indians has been so eminently satisfactory. Ha approves the recommendation of the seeretary for the enactment of astatute for the punighment of crimes committed on Indian reservations, and recommends the passage of the bill now in tbe House for the purchase of a tract of 18,000 square miles from the Sioux reservaüon. Anent the suppression of polygamv, he believes that if thedemoralizing practlce can be suppressed by law, it will be only by the most radical legislatura consistent wifh the restraints imposed by the constitution. He recommends that congress aesume absolute control of the affalrs of Utab, and provide fur the appointment of a commission fully empowered to act in the matter. Our foreign trade receives lengthy crasideratiou. The problem is compltx and can be solved by no single measure oí innovation or reform. The countries of the American continent and the adj leent islands are for the United 9tates the natural market of supply and demand. It is from them we should obtain what we do not produce, or do not produce in sufflciency, and it is to them tbat the surplus produetion8 of ourflelds, our milis uinl our workBhops shouid flow, under conditions that will equallie or favor them in comparisjn wlth foreign competition. Four paths of polloy eeem to poiut to this end: First, a series oí reclprccal commercial treaties with the eoumries cf America which shall furtber between us and thein an unhampered movement of trade. t}(condly the establishment í the consular service oí the Unitul Stat s o:i a salaried footing, thus p-rmiltli the rcllnquishment of consular tees not ocly as refpeets vessels under the nattoai! fl ig, tiut also as respecta vessels of the treaty nations carrying goods entitled to the benefits of thetreaties. Thirdly, the enactment of measurestoíayor the couatructioa and malntenance of a steamer carrying m irlne umler the flag of the United States. Fcurthly, th establishment of an uniform cuneney basis fer the countrlea oí America, so that the coined produets of our minea may circulare on equal terina throughout the whole syatem of commonwealrhs. A reduction of tarifl burvleiis on eueh of the wares produced in Europe as no Ameiican States produced, thus giviag us iii mura a betttr ourket for our supplii s of food of raw material and of manufactures Ín which we excfll, is the way the presidcni wouM stttle the embarrassing elemente o E the free trade dlscussions. That the revenu s may be reduced 60 as to no Jonger over tix the peoplp, that protective duties may be retained without being burdensome ; that our shi ppiog interests may bé judiciously encouragtd, the currency fixed on a firm basis, and above all 6uch a unity of interests established among the 8tate3 of the American systetn as will be of great and ever hicrcaslng advantage to them al!. AU treaties in the Une of thís policy which have been nejtotiated or are le procees oí negotiation contain a provisión deemed to be rcqulsite under t-he clau=e of the conetitution limiting to the House of Reprcsentatives the authority to origínate bilis for raising revenues, O f the civil service law he says: The system has fully answered the expectations of its friends insecuring competent and faithful public servants and protecting the appointing offleera oí the government from the pressure of personal importunity and írom the labor of examining the claims and pretensions of rival candldates lor public employment. The law has had the unquahfied support of the president and of the heads oí the several departments and the members of the coromission have performed thelr duties with Eal and fldelity. The president hopes that títere may be an anticable adjustment of the question of a-national bankrupt law, and urgt6 the adoption of 6ueh measurea ae may ward off the approach of cholera from our Ehoree, or to mitígate its feverity In case it gait'S a foothold. He recommends that congress coüfer upen General Grant a suitable pension. Af ter callins; the attention of eonzress to the necessity ior the preservatkm ot foresta on the pubiic dómalo, the granting of government aid for popular education, the amendment of the federal constituticn so as to make eSectivethedisapprovalby the presidentof particular items in appropriation hills, the enactment ol statutes in rtgard to the fliliug of vacancies ia the presidential office and the determining of vexed questions respecting presldential inablllty, he concludea in the iollowinsr woidü As the time draws nigh wnen I am to retire from Dubüc service, I cannot refrain from expressing to the members of the national legisla'ure, with whom I have been brought ioto persona' and official intercourse, my sincere appreciation of their unfailing, courtesy, and of their harmoniou3 co-operation with the executive in so many measures calculated to promote the best interests of the ation; and to my lellow citieers generally I cknowledge a deep senee of obligation for ie support which they have accorded me in my administration of the executive depart ment of the government. A man was bung in Texas last week or stealing rope. He pleaded not guilty, stating that he had merely pickd up the rope and had not noticed the lorse tied to the other end of it, when ie was seized by the vigilants. The ury brought in a verdict of "more ■ope," andthe jurtge remaked as he doked the barrel irom under the prisonei', that if he had shot the first man who seized him, and offered some show of resistance, it would have been diflerent, but that his ready surrender when surrounded stamped him as a villain capable of such an act, and was therefore conclusivo evidence of his ;uilt More thansix hundred varieties of chrysanthemums, of all colors, shapes and sizes, some nine feet high, with blossoms six inches in diameter, were shown at the Chrysanthemum Exhibition of the Horticultural Society latoly held in New York city. The iinest of all were the Japanese; but the chrysantheniuni is the national flower of Japan. Young man, don't be afraid of marrying the widow beeause she is rather antique for you. It may be a little tough on you now, but think what a glorious tking it would be to be the stopfather of a girl like Mary Anderson. See how Doe. Ham. Griliinhas scooted up the ladder of f ame, hand over fist.- Hawkeye. A queer story is going the rounds in England of a row between a lady, who occupies apartments in a royal palace, and her maid. The mistress soundly thrashed her Abigall and subsequently turned her out of doors, it then being midnight. The matter has been mentioned to the Queen. Glass bearings for journal boxes, glass shinglea, glass pulleys, etc,, have been tried witb favorable results. Vesseis hare been sheetod with glass instead of copper with the most satisfactory results. With glass pulleys, especiaíly for cable roads, friction is reduced to a minimum. The correspondent of a London paper alludes "to the terrible derth of milk in many districts. All is sent up to London and the poor can get none. In one villago in Southwest England milk not long ago.was only sold on the pi'oduction of a medical certifícate as to its necessity. Petroleum V. Nasby is considered the most uncouth looking" man in the jonrnalistic profession.


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Ann Arbor Democrat