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Give Us A Drink

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The followinisr article f rom the pen of James Appleyard pertaining to wnter will be read with interest by thoe who ! have investi'srated the subj.ct. There is 110 doubt the time will soon come when this question of how to get pure water will interest a majorty of the voten of Au 11 Arbor: By invitation of the mayor aud I mittee 1 accompanied them iu their I search after informal inn in regard to the building or water-works and aided them I íd determining, before makiiig llieir I port, whether it would be better to give I a franchise or buiid and own our own I works. We first visited Big Rapids. The I works are owued by the city and were built in 187], wlien the nppulation was I but 3,600. They have about five miles of 1 1 pipe, the larsjest being eight-mch, some i [ ix-iuoli, thegreater part being four-inch. I ' rhey have one old-fashioned flolly and I ' one Blake pump. The Blake is doing all the pumpiag for daily consumption, i theHollybeingkeptin reserve in case of fire. The d lily oonsumplion of water is about 30Ü.00Ú galloug. The works are run by contract for 2,700 per year, I oludinsr labor, fuel, oil, etc. Their buildmgrs ai-e very poor, being too sraall and I I m a very dilapidated conditiou. The works oost $8 :i,(KX). They will the mg summer put ia a twelve-inch main in addition to the eight-inch. They have abo ut të fire hydrauts. When the works I were first built they had but 25. Therefore charginc the en tire' coat of running to the flie deparlment it only oosts them $fio per hydraut. The balance of receipts frora private consumera goes townrd paying for the works and I iucreasing the length of mitins and nuniber of hydrants. Botter works in every respect eau be built to-day for 85(1,000. I llie works at Keed City are small, having bat one and one-half mile of wood pipe, and two Deane pumps. The entire works coat about $15,000. They are owned by tbe city and have done good service; are run very economically, and areiu good oondition. Mr. Drew, the elimineer, gave ns valuable information. At Manistoe we -gained information i lenough to oonvince any one tbüt we ouglitto build and own our own works. The people of Manistee have found out that they made a mistake in giving the I franchise. The company receives f rom the ity and private consumere $12,200 peryeir already, and have been running I but oneyeir. It costs tbe company tol rnn them 3,700 per year. Deduct that f rom the $1 2,200, they have $8,500 left to pay the interest on the oost. They have but about eiyht miles of pipe and pump from a well fed by spnngs. Their jumps are of the Holly piston pattern. flere they made a great mistake. Had they put in a couple of Worlhington or I kill compound coudensiug pumps, at the I same oost, at least $300 a year would have been saved in running expenses Now, fco illustrate the difference between owning your own works and lettin a company own them, supposc you want to extend the tíre protection, in order to do so you order say ten more hydrants, this would require nbout one mile of I pipe. Thia would cost not to exeeed $5,0(10, ;ib six-inoh pipe is used. The I oinpany wou ld receive for hydrant rent L750, which wonld Ue 15 per cent. on the investment of the $5,000, to sny nothing of the receipts from private consumers, which would at least amouni to $250 more, making 1,000 mcome fröm au outlay of $5,000. Also bear iu mind that ïf .wonld not oost them one cent to furuisl) watert., those hydrants, except in oase of fire. It costs no more to piiiiip 50ü,(Xi0 galions tiian it does to pump lialf that amount, with the proper kiad of pumps, aud proper sized mains. Now, t de i xanijilK I have given you tus to cost and proflt is a mild one. Remeinber that from year to yeir the income from private consumers is increasing. I venture to eay that in five years there would not be a dozen houses in this city within reach of the stipply, that would not have h tap, no m.itter how good i well you mayhave, 01 how good a cistern, the luxury of being ab!e to draw a glass, wasli tub, or bath tul) of water, w.thout having to go out of doors, would be more tlian anyona could wiihstanrl. The:e woull lie no more cisterns to build or repair, no more wel Is to dig or clean out, and complete our lire protection in all parta of the cily. The next places visited were Elkhart and South Bend, Ind.; at Elkhart a new works jnat competed were running They are owned by a company, were cheaply built, beiug too small by haif. ühe largest main is 12 inehes. The boiler house aud pump rooms are just onehaJf the size they ought to be The pumps are too snioll, and in my opinión will be short liv.-d. If they stand ken years work ït is more than I expect of them . They pump to a tank, which aots the same as, and takes the place of a stand pipe bufc will have to be replaced every 15 or 20 years, being built alm st entirely of wood. The oonstruction of tbeir pumps required this tauk or a stand pipe n order to relieve the pressure on the pumps. They have n fiunchise for 20 years . I can imagine the difficulty Elkhart will be in at the end of 20 years. They will be worse off than if they had no works. All the benefit ihey w.ll receive from them will be experience, which will be valuablc, but costly. One of the owners met us at Elkliart, and treated us very generously. His whole argument is that a compuny can run works more iconomical than a city. Why in the name of common sense should itï The city cm buy the coal jast as cheap, hire labor, and buy oil just ;.s che ip. He does not know what it is to run w.iter works on an economical scalk, with such pumps as they use. I have here a report of a 12 hour test, made at Saginaw City on Jan. 6. I was there luring 6 hours of the test. It was made in presencc of the water commissioner and the city controller The pump was started at 12 m. and run until 12 p. M., with a st; am pressure of 55 lbs. ana maiutained that average, not vary ing moie than 3 lbs. d uring the 12 huurs run. There were 10,219 rcvolutious made in the 12 hours or about 14 19-110 revolutions or strokes per minute, throwing 121 gallons per stroke, giving a total of 1,236,499 gallons, with the small amouut of 1,755 lbs. of coal, or 1,420 Ibs. of ocal to 1.0011,000 gallons of watr pumped at a cost of 1.42, the coal use 1 being scieenings, costing $2.00 per ton in the shed. The tíre grates used under the boilers are a Detroit patent, ing the amoko, whioh is a greatsnving in fuel. The pumps nt West Bay City are of the same make (the Oaskell) . The cost of fhe works has been given jou in the report of your committee. They are pumping now during the -winter months an average of 600,000 gallons in 24 honre, j with a ton of ooal oosting $2.80 per ton. Thep use but one pump, the other being kept in reserve. They are eaoh of 1,500, 000 gallons capacity, and cun run up to 2,(X)0,0ü0 each. It coatsthem about $9.86 per day to run the works, iucluriiug fuel, two eugineere, ono firemen, oil and gas Iight; making a yearly expenditure of $í$,iüü. Tüe worke are amply lurge enough tor this city. The eost of running would be bot $3,500 as we could use j the same kiml of eosl as that used at Sagiuaw City. Now I want to givo you some figures showiug the c .mparative cost to a city as between tlie Irauchise plan, and that ít the city building and owning its own vorks. We wil take the franchise plan nret. Uut before going further I wisli to I oautioQ you against it. Now, I am going j 10 make a fair statement of f acts by flrst stating tbat had yon given a franchise, hou would have got jusl about such [ works as those at Elkhart, Ind., which cost in my judgmentnot to exeeed $7ü,OuO, lut to be liberil caü it 80,0u0. Now we will say they pay 5 per cent. for money, $4,000; they claim they can ran tnem ciieaper than a city, so we will say running expenses, $3,30u; give them a contingent expense of $200, and we have h total of $7,500. On the other hand we have receipt for city purposes, $9,500; state capítol, 1,500; reform school, f 1,000; milis, print ing offices, hotels, etc, $1,000; private consumere, $3,000; making a total of, $17,800; when we deduot $7,500 for ex penses we have a clear profit of $10,300, oi 12}L per cent, after paying the est of 5 per oent. on the cost. Now, as yau wil] see I have allowed thera 83,300 for running their works. That is more than it would eoet, as they would get along witli one engineer, at $1,000, and two firemen ut 550 each ($1,100) oil and light, $200; cor], $1,000; contingenta, $200; m iking $3,500. The way they do this the eugineer lives near the works. I In case of fire an ahrm is sounded in I his room. He is over at the works in a few minutes, to take charge of the pumps. In this way they get along with one engineer, and two firemen, instead of two engineers and one fireman, making a difference of $350 in the labor account. But if th.y had the proper kind of grates, and good pumps, and proper sized maius, they oould save $500 more in eonl. Nw, with this protit after the tirst year, the company would go to I work and by the use of a little inoney, üet the mains extended and n .imber of hydrants say ten, for which they would, as I have said bef ore, get a rental of $75 each or $750 a year, and a reasonable amount of private consumera ainounting to tay $250, mnking 1,000 inoome Irom I an outlay of not over $5,000, or 20 per I cent on the cost. Now we will take the otlier side. We will Bay we bonow $100,000 on our bund j bearing 4 per cent interest, whicJi you can dn easier tLau a eotnpany can at 5 per cent. The interest would be $4,000; put our running expenses at $3,500; I tingent at $300, and we have a tota' of #7,800. I lie receiptfl for city purposes are $2,500; ttnm strtte capítol, $1,500; reform school, 1,000 blind school, $800; two depots ($500 each,) 1,000; mili, faetones, printing officas, hotels, etc., 1,000; privaie consumera, $3,000; making total reccipts $10,008. When we deduct running expenses $7,800, we have a balance of $3,000. Now in my opinión the receipts would run over rather thau under these figure ' and would e ich succeeding year be on the inoiease, while tlie interest on bon ds and running expenses would remain the same . You observe I havecharged for fire protection the ?um of $2,500, as against .$9,500, the lowest bid made by any comp;iny, and charged ourselves with $300 more than they have for running expenses, yet we have a balance of $3,000. Take the $2,500 I have charge against the city for üre proteotion from this $3,000, and tlun we have i bulance of #500 stili m our favor. Now, as I said before, the revenue from private consumere and business places wil] be steadily on the increase, and in a few years you will be in a shape to créate a siuking fund that will be more than Hufficient to piy off your bonds at maturity. But you may say why do I figure our works to oost $20,000 more than the Elkhut and West Bay City works? Beeauss e wunt to put in more and better pipe and better buildings. We have to sink s wel!, which they did not have to do at Bay City. They take water from the Sagiuaw river which is uot fit to drink. We want first-cs boilers and grabes, and first-class pumps, so that when we get running we can say we have as complete water works as there is in the country, au that are amp'e for a population of 30,000. It is strauge, but ut vertheless a ia', that niue tenths of the cities which have built water-works have made some gross mistake, one way or another; and in 10 or 15 yeirs have either had to put in new pumps er take up and repkee their roains by lai ger ones, or get their boiier-houses and boilers to small. With the benefit of this costly experience of others, we can now de'ermine wh a we want. There is one thing I wish to speak of before closing. It is this: I wish to say thiit the litüe money (less tliau $100) that has been expended by your committee in visiting the different cties, is in my opinión the best investment ver made by the city. It wül be prodtictive, I trust, of a saving to the city of at least from $15,000 to $20,000, and has relieved you of a burden that would have kept your nose to the grindstone for (he next 20 years or more. I have uothing further to say, only this: You will oever .ee a more favorable time, to build water-worUs. We have a fine water supply, pipe is very cheap, money plenty at low rates of interest, labor is plenty, and in need of imployment. It would be a great help to our laboring men, and merchants as wel!, and hel]) to bridge them over the pr sent hard times. Your taxes would be increased so little that it would be imperceptible. You would, practically speaking, have fire proiection over the entire city, and, if 1 am rightly informed in regard to the present oost of the fire department, we would have complete protection at a oost o' $4,700 per year, as followa: Chief $100 four paid pipe men 850 per month eaoh, $2,400; 10 volunteer assistants $50 eack per year, and exempt from taxes, $500: two teamsters $40 per month each, $960; keeping four korses. The present fire engine could be sold, as they would be of no une, and a couple of good hose trucks purchasen in their place. In conclusión I wish to cali your attention to the large amount of non-resideut property that is held at snch high prices that it has been the cause of exteding our city limits, and a consequent cause of putting us to an extra cost in laying mains to reach our resident population . I would recommend that all non-raeident properly be assessed fully two-thinls of the value laid upon it by its ownere or their agents, so as to make them pay their full share of the cost, ns their erty will be enchanced in value by tlie building of water-works


Old News
Ann Arbor Democrat