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Farm And Garden

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A level recomniended by a Michigan farmer and illustrated in Ohio Farmer will cost perhaps 35 cents for material and a little more for making unless you can make it yourself. To adjust and gradúate it drive two stakes into the ground solid to receive the ends of the level and aa near level as you can tell by your eye. Put on the level and make a pencil mark at the point of the plumb bob. Keverse the level and márk. If the two marks do not come at the same place, one end is too high. You can easily teil which end is too Í high ; then drive it down until the bob points to the same place with the end either way. Then whenever the bob points to this place, it is level. Mark this place with a fine saw or in some way yon canuot mistake. Raiseone end I of your leve! and put uudera piece quarter of an inoh thick. Mark at bob point. Remove the piece and put it uuder the other end and mark the same. You eau do the same with one-half, three-quarter and one iuch pieces. Now the level is graduated and rnarked ready for use. To level a short distance place the level in the middle and sight both ways along the underside of the level. The difference in height will show the fall. To lay tilo by thia level begin at the lower eud, placo the first tile where you want it, then place a tile where the other end of the level reaches. If the grade is one quarter inch to the rod, raise or lower the tile until the plumbbob points to the first mark back of the center or level mark. Then place a tile half way between the two, just touching the level. Then lay between these tiles by a straight edge. When you get to the. iniddie tile, move it forward or back to receive full tile. Fill out your rod and repeat. If your fall is one-half inch to the rod, use second mark. The farmer who recommends this level says he has laid tiles when he did not have one-quarter iuch fall to the rod. Then he had the bob point half way between the center and one-quarter inch mark, making a fall of one-cighth inch per rod. How to Fill tüe Silo. Corn sliould be wcll glazed and neaïly ready to be ent for corn fodder bef ore it is put in the silo. A silo may be fillcd in two days or the filling may extend over a period of three weeks if the corn does not get too matured, Oa the whole, it is bettcr to fill slowly. The trainpini of the silage in square silos during the whole process of filling is a very important matter, especially in the corners, and the need becomes more and more urgent the nearer the top of the silo is reached. In deep, round silos which are more than 18 f eet in diameter the man in the silo may be dispensed with until the silo is half full, it only being necessary to go in and level down occasionally. The upper half of all silos should be thoroughly traniped. If feeding is to begin at once after filling, no cover is needed. If the silo is to stand only a few weeks, then the surfaee of the silago during three consecutiva days after filling should be thoroughly tramped and at the end of this time the surface should be wet with 15 to 20 pounds of water to the square foot. From this to five days later it should be tramped again and again wet down with about 10 ponnds of water to the square foot. When this has been done, the surface should not again be disturbed until it isproposedto feed the silage. If the silo is to stand until after Christmas before opening, it may be best to provide a cover if something cheaper than 15 pouuds of silage to the square foot of surface can be had. If marsh hay can be had, this, put on and thoroughly wet, makes an excellent cover. Chaiï thoroughly wet also makes a good cover. Twolayersof boards with paper between put on after wetting and thoroughly traniped will avoid nearly all spoiling. Whatever is provided as a cover it should rest directly upon the silage and be allowed to settle with it. Thus writes Profeosor King of the Wisconsiu station to American Agricalturist. When to Plow For Sugar Beets. From the Nebraska station, where the sugar beet industry isreceiving special attention, comes a bulletin in which fall plowing is urged for this erop. According to this bulletin, the sooner the stubble and woeds are plowed ander, if only to a depth of three inches, the better, followed by a spike harrow to make a loóse layer of soil on top to prevent evaporation. It has been shown that land so prepared lost only one-third as much water by evaporation as land having a firmly packed surface. Unless the land is very rich spread well rotted manure after the shallow plowing, which will add to the yield and probably something to the sugar content. Subsoil and surface plow in the fall, or if that cannot be done plowasdeeply as possible. The extreme dryness of air and soil in most sections where sugar beets are grown makes it important that manure should be well rotted. If the beets are to follow corn, clear off the stalks and harrow thoroughly. In the (all the plow can be run 12 or 15 inches áeep, while If uot done until spring it is hardly safe to turn up the soil much below the average depth of previous plowing- four to six inches.


Old News
Ann Arbor Democrat