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Farm And Garden

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When measuringland, it is sometimes necessary or dcsirable to do the work more accurately than it eau be done by pacing. The accompanying cut, from the Farm and Fireside, shows a land nieasure which can be used by one sou to botter advaatage than a chain or rope by two. The wheel measures just 8 J4 feet,or half arod, in circumference and is made of 1 inch band iron or of barrel hoops. The spokes are a cross of light ■vvood au inch square, halved together with a pieceof half inch siding uailed on each side over the joints. These act as washers and make the wheel run more smoothly. To keep the spokes in place nails are driven into the ends through punched holes in the hoop. A quarter inch hole in the center to receive the bolt completes the wheel. The fork is also made of sticks like the spokes, with a short piece for a handle uailed between. This latter should be a little wider than the hoop and rounded off at the end. As the revolutions of the ■wheel have to be counted, it is handy to have one of the spokes plainly marked. Paint or a string tied around it will do this. If smaller divisions than half rods are desired, the spokes indícate eighths of a rod. Many times one wishes to swing a heavy article - a bag of grain or sack of potatoes - just clear of the floor in order to weigh it. A liandy device originally described and illustrated in the New York Tribune is shown in the second cut. Two hooks in the longer ropc accommodate it for use with low or high articles, while a little hook well up on either rope gives a chanco to hook the ends up out of the way when ïiot iii use. This device is ar eaaily made that several can be constructed and hung in a nurnber oí' the farm buildings where it is occasionally necessary to veigk articles. Oniong For Market. Here is what a successful York Rtate specialist says in The New England Homes tead: Onion growing niay be divided iuto culture in the kitchen garden, the market garden and on the farm. In the market garden the first thingunder consideration is the soil. That best suited for the onion is a dry, sandy loam, not wet or soggy, for if it is you will have nothing but scullions at the end of the season. Take a piece of land that has had early potatoes, and as soon as these are dug haul on plenty of well rotted barnyard manure; spread evenly. Plow, not too deep, but just deep enough to cover the manure. ïhen sow rye on it at the rate of six bushels per acre. Don't be afraid of sowiug your rye too early in the f all. Don't plow too early in the spring, but give the rye a chance to start. By plowing it again in the spring you get all your mauure on top, just where you want it for onions. The roots of onions are all near the surface. Af ter going over it with a good smoothing harrow the ground is ready for the seed. Make the rows 18 inches apart. They might be nearer, but I think this near enough, because it gives a better chance to work them with a doublé wheel hoe. When the onions are about four inches high, sow ou wood ashes at the rate of 100 bushels per acre broadcast. I never thin rny onions, but leave them as the drill sows them. Harvest as soon as the tops die aud sow rye as in the fall previous, ready for another year's erop. If these directions are followed, I promise you a fine erop of onions. Potato Fertilizerg. Fertilizers on potatoes have been the subject of exhaustiva experiment at the Ohio state station and munerous substations. Phosphorio acid seems to have been the controlling element in increasing yield in all these tests, whereas, according to The New Englaud Homestead, , in rnany of the southern, middle and ! eastern states potash seems to be the j more nccessaiy element. In the Ohio test the lowest cost per bushei of increase was obtained by the use of superphosphato alone, but tlio greatest gain per acre was with 1,100 pounds per acre of a complete fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash. Muriate of potash and nitrate of soda when nsed alone did not give profitable increase, but proved beneficial with superphosphate.


Old News
Ann Arbor Democrat