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Tool-making Elephants

Tool-making Elephants image
Parent Issue
Public Domain
OCR Text

The Duke of Argyll in bis "ïteign of Law" was, I think, the first who promulgated the dietum that man is the only tool-making animal. As far as I can aseertain, tliis asscrtion is admitted by developmentists, yet it is undoubt. edly true that the Indian elephant makes two implements, or fonns and altera certain 1 fringa so as to adapt tiiem specially to fulfill deiinite purposes, for whioh, unaltered, tliey wonld not be suitable. One even ing, soon after inyarrival in Eastern Asam, and while the ftve ele phants were as usual being fed opposite the Bungalow, I observed a young and lately caught one step up to a bamboo stake fence and quietïy pull one of the stakea up. Placing it under foot, it broke a ]iece oíl' with the trunk, and after lifting it to ita mouth threw it away. It repeated thii íw'ko or f lírico, and Uien drew anoiher stake and began i. Seemg that the bamboo wu oíd aiil dry, 1 asked the reason of : and was told to wait and see what it would do. At last it seemed to gel a piece that suited, and, holding it in the trunk iirmly, and stepping the leftforelegwell forward, passed the piece of bamboo ander the armpit, so to speak, :'.!il liegan to scratch with some force. My surprise reaehed it s climax when I saw a largo elephant leeiih fall on the ground, quite sis inches long and thick :ii's finger, and which, from its position, could not easily be detacl without tliis scraper, or "scratch, v, was deliberately made by tlie elephant I subsequeutly found that it was a common ocourrence. Lee!h-scrapers i are used by every elephant daily. - Cases of trichinosis have bccomo so frequent in Berlín thfct the authorities have taken the most stringent measures with regard to the i ofpork. lt is reijui red that " vvh oever kills a pig or causes it to be '. the iatention of sel] ' the meat or preparations of it" must slaughtered animal examined by ap ihspector of meat, who, with the aid of a microscope, shall satisfy him the presence or absence oí And the ment cannot be cvit up without the certificate oi' an his stamp has been pjaced on the Wered animal." Contravention of this order is punished with a fine of three to thirty marks, or prison in caso of non-paymeut.- AT. Y. Ilcruid. The Russian navy now consists of 23 iron-clads, -1 frigates, 11 eorvettes, 13 clippers, 21 steamers, 22 gnnbofits. 111 torpedo boats, 27 echooners and 117 sailbg vcssels. This annament is manncd by 3,187 oflicera and 28,9iO men.


Old News
Ann Arbor Argus