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Sir John Macdonald Has Just Celebrated

Sir John Macdonald Has Just Celebrated image
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liis seventy-iifth birthday anildst general congratulations and rejoicings. Even tris political opponent have acknowledged tliat the services he has rendereu Canuda are inestimable. He is still a surprisingly vigorous man for his years and is long as he lives Canada is sure to remain loyal to England, but after his death we should not be surprised if the movement for joining our grand Hepublic would receive a gieat mpetus. Sir John Allexander MacDonald was boni Januaryllth 1815. He waseducated at the Royal Gramraar School, Kingston Ontario and in 1835 was admitted to the Bar. In 1844 he was sent to Parliment frora Kingston, being elected as a Conservalive. He was appointed a member of the Executive Council, und ReceiverGeneral in May, and Commissioner of Crown Lands in December 1847. The cabiuet of which he was a meiuber resigned in March, 1850, and the reformers under the lead of Messrs. JLafontalne Baldwin and Hinckp, held the reins of power in Canada uutil September 1854. Dilliculties connected with the lands reserved for a Protestant clergy, and other questions, led to a coalition in 1851, Mr. Macdonald joining the Government as Attorney General in the cabinet of Sir E. P. Tache, tíut the Government was unablo to cotninand a sufficient majority and the proposition to federal ize British America having been reponed by a committee of Legislative Assembly a conference took place between the leaders of both sides, which resulted In a coalition, with the view of maturing and carrying a measure to unite in one govennnent Canadii and the marine provinces. On the dcath of Sir E. P. Tache, in .July, 1805, Mr. Macdonald again became Minister of Militiii, which office, with that of Attorney General of Upper Canada he con t'mued to holil until the Conffderation. This union of the provinces of liritisli Ñorth America he was mainly instrumental in bringing about, having been a delégate to the Conference in Oharlottetown in 1864, and in Quebec, in the same year; he was chairman of the London Colonial Conference 1866 67, when the act of union, known as the "iiritlsh North Amurica Act" was passed by the Imperial Parliment. On the lst of July, 1867, when the new Coustitution catne in force, Mr. Macdonald was called upon to form the fust Government for the New Dominion, and was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Minister ot Jtistiee and Attorney-General of the Canada, an office he continued to till until he and his Ministiy resigned on the Pafiflc Hailway charges, November 1875. In 1871 Sir John was one of Her Majesly'ü Joint High Commissioneis and PlenlpoteCtlaries to act in the connectiou with the commission named by the Prealdetit of the United States for the sett lemen t of the Alabama Claims, resultiiifr in the Treaty of Washington, Miy, 1871. In October, 1878,on the fall of the Mackcnzie Reform Government, Mr. Macdotmld was entrusted with the task of forming a new administration, taking himself the position of Minister of the Interior and Premier of the Domiuiou. He at present is a member for Victoria, Britlsb Coluinbla. In 1865 Mr. Maodonald receivtd the honorary degree of D. C. L. trom the Unlversity of Oxford, and in 1867 waf made a K. C. B., 1872 he was created Knlght of the Iloyal Order ot' Isabel la Católica (of Spain). For over forty years Sir John bas been the acknowledged leader of Conservative Party of Upper Canada. Ainsworth Hund Stoftbrd, the Librarían of Cnnaress, was born at Gilmanton, New Hampslitre, September 12tb, 1825. Hi8 father, who was a clergyinan, employed a private tutor, under whom Ainsworth received the greater part of his educntion. At the age of slxteen he went to Cincinnati, where be found a sltuation in a book-selling and publlshing house. Henee he was brought into contact wlth liternry and scientilic productions at a very early period of bis life This gave the deciding direction to his career, since he seems to have been particnlarly litted for this profession. In 185!) he became Associate Editor of the "Daily Commercial" in Cincinnati. He was appointcd First Assistant Librarían in 1861, and tour years later became Librarían In Cliief. When he entered upon his dulles, the library consisted ol hut 90,000 volume!", and under hls man ngeuient bas grown to its present magnitude. Mr. Slofford bas brought about inany changes of a reformative character In the Department supervised by him The most important of these is the amendment to the law of copyright through which the business of recording and authentleating copyright, which wa formerly done by the District courU of each state, is now trnnsacted by the Librarían of Congress. He is sald to have a most excellent memory for facts, and even for subsidiary circumstances connected with them,- a quality which cannot be too Iiighly appreciated, it belnff one of the most important factors in makiiiK liim competent to hold a position of such importance. William H. Taft was bom in Oliio, about thirty-flve years ago. He is a son of Judjje Alphouso Taft, who was Attorncy General under President Gram. Havlng completcd hia studies at Yale College, lie practiced luw, and was appoiuted to quite a nuniber of public offices, for wuich his abilities as a scholur qualifiert hitn. At one time he was Assistant Solicitor of (Jincinnati, and was siibsequently appointed Collector of Internal Ilevenue for tbat dis-trict by President Artbur. He resiftned this ofllce and ajraln took up the practice of law, succeeding his father as a meuiber of the ürin hloyd and 'J'aft. At present he is holdinr tlie the office of Judge of the Supreme Court of Cincioatti to which he was elected a short time ago. He bears un excellent reputation as a lawyer, and though not an applicaut for the olUce, was nominuted as Solicitor General of the United States. The salary of this office is $7,000 a year.


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