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The New Oil Test

The New Oil Test image
Parent Issue
Public Domain
OCR Text

The freque-ney oí oil lamp explosions throughout the state, tWO having occurred in this city laai wede, is arousing the people to ii.' danger ol the low gratie oM, now belng sold. It has been dlscovered that the Standard Oil Oo .gort ihe bill ttirough the last "Squawbuck leglelature" solely In lts ovm interests, and agalnst the public welfare. Tlie Insurance oompaniee are becoming alarmed over the danger and last week'B Indicator had the following artiele: At thé kust session of the State Legislature fo Michigan a new law concerning the test o! Ulumlnatlng oils was paseed and considerable discusión has been golng on as to the effect the new test lias upon the safety ol fihe oils and as to whether Lnsuranci palictea will 1),' Invalldated by it or not. It is clalmed on the one hand that the test been lowered at least twvnt.v-iive degrees, whlle others ass'.'i-i wiili equal poeltlveoesa that it ooi been changed by the new law. Insurance ('oinmissioner Ma iii'.l, in rn reply to a letter of inquiry f rom the Detroit manager ol the .Standard oil Oompany, s'ives hls oplnion as ioïlows: i.ansinii. Sept. 21. L891. Dear Sir: - Ia reply to yours ol tin 18th, I have bo say that upoo exaniination of the l'nit'il Stit"s statutes I find the legal CJnlted status tesi for lilumlaating oils made of petroleum to be lio degrees, Hre, whlle that requlred by recent act of thelegIslature is li'O degrees, saaie test, or 10 degreea hlgher than that of the United States. The use of Michigan test oil can. therefCM'p, ii no marnier, opérate to invalídate insurance written in Michigan, as thé standard policy requirement is tor oil equal at least to that of the Uatfted States test. while it is in tact, 10 degrees abOVB. llespi'ctfully, WM. E. MAGILL. Gom. of Insurance. For the purpose of comparison we herewith give the essentiil features O'f tlie new and old laws: NEW LAW. It shall be the duty of the inspector to rej;et, for illuminating purposes, all oils which. when tested by the oiÉdin;iry formula, Tagliabue's open cup, will ignite and burn at a temperature of 1H0 degrees of Fahrenheit's thermometer. OLD LAW. It R'hall be the duty of the inspector to rejfct for illuminating purposes, all oils wliich Avill eanlt a combustiible vapor at a temperature of 120 öegrees of Fahrenheit's thermometer. ' The oil tester adopted and reoommeioded by the State Board of Health shall be used. At first glance it would seem as though Mr. Magill's position were correct, but a careful in.spection of the two tests shows a marked and Important difference. Under the old law the oil was placed in a closed cup and heated to a temperature of 120 degrees. When the temperature reaehed the proper point a lighted match was introduced into the cup and ii the vapor was sufficient to cause a flash the oil was rejected. By the new law the oil is heated to 120 degrees In an open cup, and ii the vapor ignites and the oil ignites from the burning vapor below the proper temperature the o.H is rejected. The temperature, it will be observed, is the same in both cases, but a 120-degree test in Tagliabue's open cup is very much lower than a 120-degree test in the closed cup of the Michigan Board of Health. In fact it is stated that the oil which stood the flash teet ol 120 degrees, according to the old law, would stand a burning test of 150 to 155 degrees, by which it will be Been the test has been reduced from 30 to 35 degrees. The old Michigan test was absolutely safe, and people have becone so accustomed to the safe article that they have come to treat it recklesely, even filling their lamps when lighted. It will not do to fooi w&th oil under the present test in any such manner. Fires caused by kerosene oil explosiona may be looked for with increasing frequency in Michigan now, and whether the operation of the present law invalidates insurance or not it certainly increases the danger to life and property. Prior to July lst, accidenta from kerosene oil explosions were very inirequent, but since that date they have occurred with such regularity that the State Board of Health has published a list of them by way of warndng. The reporte Bhcw that durIng July, Anguet and September there were no less than ten such accidents all uf which have been officially afHrmed by either lloard of Health ofHcere or olí Inspectora as due to kerosene. The State Board also reports Bix others, not officially confirmed. About one-half of the aecidents were lamp explosions and three lives were lost by them. With such an array of facts.theories eoncerning the safety of oil under the acw law cannot have much weight, even if they emanaté from the Insurance Department of the state.- The Indicator. ''Vanity of vanities, all is vanity," A little conversfltion I overlieard the other day convinced me that Detroifs fair daugliters pOBsesaed their full sliare of this most undeslrable quality. It was at oni; of the "BenHur" rehearsals and a society girl, lm Hgnred as one of the gracee, came rushing up to one of the managers and said Bhe boped that he Avould see that her name was put m the papers every day and "be ure to see that it was in a prominent place." And yet the same girl will roll up her eyes and say she don't onderstand how those horrid iKvspapers get hold of everything, and Khe does so hate to see her name in print. This episode reminds me of anotlier that was Bomewliat Bimilar. Not long ago a sweet r'Oung girl w'ho is a promisinií muBl■ijin sent to the various papers a critcism of her playing. written by hereelf, in which Khe fairly gushod over ïer work. And that doar, conceited litfle usher is as pretty as a wild iolet and barely twenty yearss old.


Old News
Ann Arbor Courier