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Production Of Wool

Production Of Wool image
Parent Issue
Public Domain
OCR Text

According to the reportsof the Bureau of Statistics, the number of sheep in the United States on January 1. 1802, was 14,938,365 head, valued at $1 16,121,290, while a year later, on January 1, 1893, there were 47,273,553 sheep valued at f 125,999,264. This is au increaee "Í 5.2 per rent, in numbera in u single year, and 8.43 per cent. in value. The Bureau obtained the figures from the Department of Agriculture and added other figures showing wherein the principal increase in valne consiste. The average weight i Beece per head in 1860 was l.7 pounda in 1885, 3.6 pounds : in 1880 it was 4.S poands, and in 1892 it was 6.5 poonds. The total wool product in IS'il' was iidt iar from 340,000,000 poands, and in addition we imported 167,784,000 pounds. Two-thirds of the wool consumed in this country therefore, is iroduced here. No other wool-consuming country produces half the wool it consumes. Imports are increaeing trom year to year, heeause of the general uso of ooien goode and carpeta niade from varieties of wool not produced to any considerable extent in tbis country. In no other country has the rank and lile of the population so great ability to parchase and use goods made (rom line wools. What would be ;i luxury m anv other country is almost or quite anecesity concomitant with the degree of civilization. It ia this which has caused au increase of importation coincident with au increase ia tariff on fine wooIf. Hygenic coneideratiohs (.Iemand the wearing of woolen clothing in our changeable clhnate, is tar as posaible. But while good health makes this a equisite, the form in which it is used is ictated almost entirely by fashion. ometimes lustróos and soft goods are ashionable and the long-wooled sheep ie found most profltabl. The fashion langes and cheviots and other rough oods are used. Then the middleooled sheep pay best. Fine clotliing ■ools, suitable for broadcloths and simar goods, are alnays in more or less emand and priees vary accordingly, ie very sniall demand for goods of this escription this season has materially ffecteil the market for fine wools and so e have the anomaly of low prices nder a fairly satisfactorily tariff. Cheap carpeta and clieap woolen lothing of the coarser sorts require heap wools. These can only be prouced in countrys wliere land and labor re very cheap. But we can and do proiite two-thirds of the wool used in this ountry, and under the present reasonblv low rate of tariff ilnties there is sually a fair market for wool. Just ïow, through the dictates of fashion, vhimscal though they are, the wool TOwer scarcely gets fitst cost for bis vool without reckoning bis labor. But ashions are never permanent and a sudden demand for a iiew sort of woolen goods will send prices up again, perhaps before it might be expected, and the producer will be happy once more. Some of thü English statisticians beieve that the limit of wool production ïas leen reached in all countries except the United States, and in that case re shali soon see a notable increase in our. ora production. The statistics show a steady and almost uninterupted growth in wuol product-ion for 50 years, md there is no reason to doubt that it vi 11 continue to grow with the demand or woolen clothing.


Old News
Ann Arbor Courier