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The Composite "co-ed"

The Composite "co-ed" image
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There appeared in Sunday's Chicago Tribune a picture taken f rom Randall's jomposite photograph of the girls in elass '88, of U. of M., with an article, probably frotn Ann Arbor, which draws &n exceedinglv doleful account of the terrible effect of the course of study here upon the health of the young women who attend the University. Ihe author professes to' see his eviience in the picture itself. The article was evidently written by ane who is opposedtoco-education, and ia fact to all higher education of women. The animus of the article orops out plainly. The picture he paii.'ts with the composite for an outline -a a most dismal one, but like the iatter M wants the merit of being true to üfe. However, in these days of aiultitudinous and sensational scribbling fidelity to truth appears to be only a very small part of the duties of a correspondent. As every one knows, euccessful composites are very difficult to make, and it is no discredit to a skillful photographer if he does not always succeed. This one can not be said to fairly represent the elass, or any member of it, as may be seen by a glance at the plump, merry faces in the large gronppictures of the class, which is admirable for itsfidelity ; or, what ispleasanter, by an inspection of the girls themselves, whoare neither bluestockings nor invalids, and who will compare favorably ín point of good looks and good health with any 25 non-collegiate girls of the same age and station in life, even if they can not walk five miles as easily as their masculine classmates or as the callow youth who penned the ieremiad. We believe it is usually conceded tbat American women take less phyeiral exercise and are more inclined to an indoor life than their English or Continental sisters, but that university girls are particularly glaring instances of this is by no means established. The writer, however, does not even take the trouble to be consistent, for in one breath we are told that these girls enter fresh and healthy, and presto ! behold the dreadfal result : "the days come and go, one term fades into another. and the rosy cheeked maid of the freshman class becomes the classic, severe, oldened woman of the upper classes." In another we are told that these 25 are the cream of the lot ; "everywhere you turn you see pallid faces, everywhere haggard looks, everywhere enervated eonstitutione." Greater bosh than this aould scarcely be written, and it is worth noticing at all only because ita publieation in the Chicago Tribune ends to it a fictitious importance. It is wkll to cali attention to one feature of the liquor law which, if rigidly enforced, will wqrry the saloon business somewhat. The saloon-keeper must, on or before May 1 of each year, give a bond n the ram of not less than three thousand nor more than six thousand dollars. There must be two sureties to each bond, and each surety must be a resident of the township, village or city in which the saloon is. No liquor dealer can be a surety on a liquor bond. No man can be on more than one liquor bond. He cannot be an elected or appointed cfficer, and he must swear that he is worth in real tate, "eituated within the county in which auch business is proposed to be carried on, a sum equal to the amount of the bond over and above all indebtedness and exemptions from sale on sxecutions." Now, supposing we are to have 35 saloons in Ann Arbor after May 1; then there must be 70 citizens of Ann Arbor who are not Hquor dealers nor public officers, but who each own from $3,000 to $6,000 worth of real estáte in Washtenaw county, who are willing to go on saloon-keepers' bonds. Can 70 such men be found in Ann Arbor ? Can 10 Buch men be found ? A Bill has been introduced into congress declaring "all foreign persons who have not been naturalized incapable of taking thetitle tolandsanywhere within the United States, except a hold for not exceeding five years." This is to prevent foreiguers owning land in America. The report of the committee which introduced the bill declares that probably 21,000,000 acres of land in the United States are owned by European noblemen, principally Englishmen. Scully, the Irishman in London, owns 80,000 acres of the richest land in Illinois, and he renta it out for a great revenue. It may be all right to have such a law, but why prohibit Englishmen owning Michigan land, for instance, when we do not prohibit New York men? Economically what particular difference would it make to Washtenaw county whether the rent paid here for land goes to New York city landlords, or to English landlords? It would make New York city richer, or a few men in that city richer, but it would be just as hard for Washtenaw county in either case. The Morning Tribune, of Lansing, whose birth we mentioned last week, bids fair to stay in the field, and if it does, it will become the recognized mouth-piece of organized labor in Michgan. It is edited by printers, and is managed by a typographical unión. It has a pleasing appearance, and is edited with ability. lts influence, then, may be wide and powerful. If anyone should ask, What does the workingman want ? this paper should be ready to answer. People will largely judge the labor movement by the utterances of this paper ; henee, it is important that it should be dignified and exact. It should, if possible, have clear and exact ideas on the great questions affecting labor. Does a high tariff benefit or injure a workingman? What shall be done with the telegraph, the railroads, trusts, etc ? What good would Henry George's scheme of taxing land values and exempting personal property from taxation, do ? What about socialism ? What do the workingmen want anyway? These questions the organ of workingmen must answer. And it must not only state the discontent of workingmen, but it must present some remedy somewhat in shape for the legislature to act upon. The people are becoming tired of vague complaint : ït is clearly understood by this time that something is wrong. The question is, What will remedy the wrong? As eoon as the workingmen of Michigan, or any respectable number of them, agree upon some measure as a remedy, there will be no difSculty in getting the legislature to try it. The new liquor law evidently will greatly decrease the number of saloons. We believe in taking that much till something better ia possible ; for it is partial prohibition. If the law should be literally complied with, it would crush out two-thirdg of the saloons. A deputy collector of internal revenue in Detroit says that 15 per cent. of the saloon-keepers in hH jurisdiction have declared their intention to go out of business before May 1. One keeper said to this collector : "I am trying to Bell out my place. This taking two months in a year out of a man's business is ruinous. Counting 52 Sundays and the holidays, in which the most bar business used to be done, the law cuts down a man'e business to 10 months in the year, and puts an enormous tax on top of that." Of course' even if two-thirds of the saloons should be forced to stop, it would be all the better for the remaining one-third ; yet all but the most radical third party prohibitionists will admit the usefulness of crushing out even s. few of the saloons effectually so long as nothing better isimtnediately attainable. This policy of taxing and restricting the saloon can be carried to practical prohition. If it once becomes settled that a severe tax law can be enforced rigidly, then a severer tax law will be possible, and absolute prohibition will have fewer opponents. In the health officer's annual report to the board of health and common council, Dr. Breakey sayB : "No money wouldbe more wisely expended thanin pay ing a good salary to a com petent man [health officer] who would undertake the work and devote his whole time to it." Unless this be done Ann Arborwill never have a health service such as a civilizedcommunity ought to have. Men cannot safely live in cities without having the beet organized effort for guarding their lives from contagious diseases. Somebody asks, What is there for a health officer to do that Ehould take all his time ? Well, he must think as well as act for the community. Civilized man will not think very much in regard to health mattere. He will go on polluting the boü on which he lives until the deadly typhoid fever rages in violence ; and he will let diphtheria and Bcarlet fever gain a firm foot-hold in the community, all of which is unnecessary. The health officer must think for him and make him do better ; and a man who does that can not hope to keep a practice in medicine, nor would he have time to practice. The health officer should keep up in sanitary knowledge, and that takes time. He should attend the great sanitary conferences, in order to learn all he can.


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Ann Arbor Register