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Pay To Patriots

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Parent Issue
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OCR Text

T IS probable that a least a million of peo pie are directly in terested in the pay ments made to ex soldiers and sailon of the Union, or thei] heirs. The amoum of money paid foi pensions alone foi the fiscal year end ing June, 1888, wal $78.775,863. Thesi figures exhibit plain ly the immensity and far-reachingbeneflti of governmental liberality. The innumerable National and State laws, with endless alteration, have been con. densed in order to present in plain lan, guage, precisely wliat the ex-soldier, sailoi or marine was and is entitled to for servicei rendered, and to disabuse the minds of th many who entertain the idea that war serv ices of a remote relativo entitle tttem U reward, or that beneflts given the veterao or his direct heirs must descend even toth fifth or sixth generation. All entitled to pensions, etc., etc., fo services in wars prior to the rebellion have with few exceptions, secured every claim, consequently but brief mention is made ol any laws prior to 1861. Every item herein given is official; propoeed legislation is not touched upon. Benefits to be secured nnw are alone mentioned and the mode of proceeding to obtain these, without the intervention of an agent or lawyer, is pointed out. The rates of pensions for difieren wounds and degrees of disability vary sr greatly and aro affected by so many causes, it would be impossible to give a list withou creating confusión. Application to the Oommissioner will always bring prompt explanalion of any inequality of rating. General Notes. - The loss of a discharge does not prevent the prosecution of a claim. If its loss is accounted for by affidavit the Adjutant-General of the U. S. Army (Washington, 1). C ) will issue a Ccrtificatt of Service. The Hon. Secretary of the Navy should be applied to, under like circumstanees, in the case of a sailor. Duplícate discharges can not be accepted as evidence to establish any claim. Neither the original nor a copy of any essent ial paper except the certifícate of discharge f rom the U. 8. service, filed in a claim before the Pension Office, will be furnished except upon the cali of an offlcer of the Government or a court. Communications should be addressed as follows : For Back Fay, Extra Payand Bounty in money for army service, to the Hon. Second Auditor, U. S. Treasury Dept., Washington. For prize money, extra pay, etc, for the Naval Service, to the Hon. Fourth Auditor, U. S. Treasury Dept, Washington. For assignment of Bounty Land Warrants aud Homestead Lands, tothe Commissioner of the General Land Office, Washington. m Full instructions, with proper blanks, will be furnished free to any claimant. The full name of the soldier or sailor, tho company, regiment or snip in which he served; time, place and period of enlistment, date and cause of discharge, and full particulars necessary for identiücation should be given in the letter of request. Pexsioxs for the Civil War.- Entitled to pensions are: Anyofflcer of the army, including regulars, volunteers and militia, or any offlcer in the naval or marine corps, or any enlisted man, however employed, in the military or naval service of the United States or its Marine Corps; any acting assistant or contract surgeon, any provost-marshal, deputy provost-marshal, or enrollmg offlcer, who was wounded or injured, or contracted disease, in the line of duty, and while in the field, on the march, at some post, tort or garrison, or en route by direction of competent authority, to his station ; or, if in the naval service, was at the time borne on the books of some snip or other U. S. vessel, at sea or in harbor, or was on his way, by direction of competent authority, to some other vessel or station. Provided such wound, injury or disease wholly or in part incapacítate J such person írom procuring his subsistence by manual labor. Widowsaxd Childrex: If any person ha died since March 4, 1861, or hereafter dies by reason of any wound, injury or disease who would have been entitled to ia valid pension, his widow, or if there be no widow, or in case of her death, without payment to her of any part of the pension below mentioned, his children, under sixteen years of age, shall receive the same pension he would have been eutitled to had he been totally disablod, to commence f rom his death, to continue to the widow during her widowhood, and to the child or children until they attain tlie age oí sixteen; andif the widow remarry, the child or children shall be entitled fromthedateof remarriage to the whole atnount. Widows reeeive two dollars permonthfor each child under sixteen years of age oí the husband on account of whora she Is pensioned, and this allowance she shall not be depri ved of by reason of children being maintained in whole or in part in any public, educational or "soldier's orphans" ènstitution. Children bom before the marriage of the párente, i f aoknowledged by tha father bei'ore or after the marriage, ara deemed legitimate. Widows oí colored and Indian soldiers receive pensions to which they might be entitled upon prooi that they lived togethei and recognized each other as man and wif up to date of enlistment, and children born of any marriage so proven are held to ba lawful children. Where a widow is proven to have abandoned the child or children, or ït is shown that she is an unsuitable person, by reason of immoral conduct, to have tho custody ol the same, a pension may be relused her until the child or children attain the age o) sixteen years, and then they shall be pensioned in the same marmer and from thfl tame date as if no widow had survived. Dependent Relatives. - If no widow ot chüdren be left by a person entitled to pension, but there be other relatives who wer dependent upon him in whole or part, thej shall be entitled, in the following order ol precedence, to receive the pension for tota! disability, to commence írom date oí bil ieath. First, the mother; secondly, thi iather; thirdly, orphan brothers and bi ters under sixteen years of age. If th iather survives, the pension goes to him, and at his death or the lemarnage ol the mother, it is given the brotbers and sisters until tlie age of sixteen. A mothej isassunioclto be dependent if, at the date of death. she was supporteil by her own manual labor and the ':ontributions of her son ar persons :iot legally bound to aid her. The pension ceases upon the remarriage of any wiüovv, mother or sister, but this does not bar her right to a pension to the date of remarriage. Any arrears of pension due a deail person shall be paid to the heirs in the full araount to which he would have been entitled. Such accrued pension shall not be considered as part of the assets of the estáte of deceased, nor liable to be applied to the payment of the debts of nis estáte in auy case whatever, but shall inure to the solé and exclusive benefit of tüe widow or children ; and if no widow or child survive, no payment whatsoever of tho accrued pension shall ba allowed except so much as may reimburse tbe person who bore the expenses of lus last sickness and burial. [continukd.]


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