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Temperance Notes

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There is a paper published in New York City oalled the and Spirit Eeview, which is dt-voted to the wholesale trade in rum. It there f or ■ can not be accused of hostility to the saloon interest; yet in a recent issue, speaking of the. habït of beer-drinking amongihe poor of the great city, it says: "It maltes sots of the iromen of thelower grade of life. The beer pitcher is kept going from n.orning until night, and the r.sultisan alarmins lncrease of lntemperance. Xo ono knows this better than cmr saloon-keepers, and it is gratifylog iu:d a hopeful sign of improvement in the retal! trade thut there are men among our saloon keepers who have the courage to aokfiowledfte this openly." The New Vork Tribune reproduces the above and in eommentlugj on the closing srntenoe scys: "Hut if there is a saloon-keep-r who refusea to sell beer to women and ehildren, we have not heard hls name." It mlght have well added, for the Information of readers not familiar wlth New Vork City, that in the sections inhaMted by the poorer classes the corner saloons invariably have, on the side street, a door wlth the sign "Family Entrance," which is used exolusively for this class of customers- women and ohlldren with pitchers or tin buckets for beer, or bottles for whisky. The sidedoor custoui is a large portion of their patronage; and corner rooms bring very high rents, as they are the only ones, as a rule, that are available for this purpose. This state of thinys exists in every large city, especially tho3e with a large foreign-born population. The men drink ] at night. as they can not do go while at iheir daily toil; tli women drink, and ;heehildren are brought up to drink. What manner of men and women will ;hey become, brought up from the eradla to drink whenever there is money enough to compass the prloeof a pitcher of beer. l io an undomable faot that the pooror classes of our cities are infected with soeialistic, communistic or anarchistic ideas. They look upon tho "rich" as thelr enemips- and with them this word is applied nob only to those of wealth, but to every well-to-do man, who has accumulatod any property, no matter if nothing but his residënce. They assunie tliat he who has any thing laid by for a rainy day has robbed the "poor"- and by this they mean themBelTes- of what is rtffhtfully thoirs. There is a close oonnection between these two things- the stoady drinking and the socialist propaganda. The fact has not esoaped thé 'ader who followed attentivcly the newspaper accounts of the Haymarket riots in Chicago" that the anarchist meetings were invariably in halls over beer salons, and that the leaders were always to be found in the saloons themselres. The same is true of the loud-mouthed agitators in New Vork and other cities. Tho boor saloon I is the hot-bcd of sooiallsm. There, over their potations of beer, these socialista preach the doctrine that the only way to remedy poverty is to rob every ono who possessos prop irty and distribute it araonir the poor. Dld any one ever hear of a total abstainer being a diseiple of anarchism? The plain fact of the matter is that the real cause of the poverty aniong the working classes of óur oitizens is- rum. How can a man save any thing when he .spends all tli money lic can spare for beer or whisky- when hia wife drinks beer all day lonj;, wlien his cliildren are taught to drink, when ho spends his evenings in some foul saloon, drinking also? There is only one other factor of importance in keeping men in abjeot poverty, and it is idleness. And lazini'ss and beer-guzzling go togother. The lazy man is generally a drinking man, and the drinking man. as he degrades himself, very generally becomes a lazy man. In fact, it can hardly be doubted that mnch of the laziness is nearly always to be laid at the door of rum- whlch makes the latter the sole important factor in producinsr povertv. There is a homely oíd proverb which says that "One can nut eat his cake and have it too," yet that is exaotly what these shrlekers over the poverty of tho poor and the oppressiona of the rich ask to have dono. Xo man can lay by a competence for his o!d ae imless he practices the virtue of frugality; tliese men want to spend every cent, and yet have the earnins of their sober brethren divided among themaePres. Tako New York or Chicago, and suppose itpossible to have the f uil money value of all the property within their limits- both real estato and personal property of every kind - divided equally among the inhabitants; liow long would this equality oí wealth last? Kot a day. Within twenty-four hours tho saloons and the resorts of infamy would havo the bulk of the dividend of tliis tliriftless, improvident class, whose members live only to gratify their solfish appetites and passions. It would take but a marvelou-Uy short time until the inequality ts to possessions would bo as marked as it is now. 'l'he condition of the drink injf class would be every whit as bad as it is now. What next? Another dirlsion. we suppose- with the same result. of rourse. The men who are th' leaders in these wild movemcnts against industry, ayainst sobrit ty, ag-ainst accumulation, against wealth, know that their theories ture nioonshino, irnpossible oí realization; and they know full well, if they know any thing-, that tho poverty oí the raasses is self-inflicted and atu-lbutable direotly to rum. Jf these men would not drink, but would work Bteadily and livo euonomically - for though their livos nmv are wi-etched they are wildly extravagant in spending their eainings for rum - and lay by the sums they now spcnd in self-in diligence, they would soon have the befrinnings of a moderate oompeteaoe. Rum is at the bottom of this social áiscontent tje woihl over. The men who are the loudcst-mouthed preachera t socialistn and allied crankery in Geraiany are benr-ffuzzlers, and the sottlsb ;rowds who hilariously applaud them spend their l;;st kreufcers for beer and ;urse the rich as th-y rtivill i t down. i'he samn thin ia tru of Euïlaud. ei Mgiiim, of Switzerland, of Russia, and of Austria and Franoe to a degree. And what is trne of their cities is becoming truo of ours. Rum is the primmn mobile of the crazy socialistio movements; it is directly responsible for their growth, for if it were not fop rum the olasa of thriftless, dranken, di.ssatisfled, poverty-stricken people who become enamored of them would have no existence. They would be decent, hard-working men. In proportion as rum-drinking increases poverty spreads. And i t is not honest but unfortunate poverty: it is a dissolute, lazy poverty, that viciously proposes to steal the savings of energetic, hard-working men in order to got money to spend for more rum without having to labor tor it. There have arisen within the past few years a number of would-be prophete, with moonshine theories for abolishing' poverty and making evory body happy. Their theories are unworkable becauso the drunken masses. who are rapidly becoming a menace to property and government, aro not material for an ideal community. Uut there is one thing that can be done to abolish poverty, that is perfectly feasible, and which is the shortest practical route to that desirable end; it is to abolish rum, the cause of poverty.


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Ann Arbor Register