NEW TRADE RELATIONS. Washington, Feb. 6.- The President late Thursday afternoon issued the following proclamation: "By the President of the United States ot America - A proclamation: "Whereas, Pursuant to section3, act of Congress, approved October 1, 1890, entltled 'An Act to Reduce the Revenue and Equalizo Duties on Imports and for Other Purposes,1 the Secretary of State of the United States ol America communicated to the United States of Brazil the action of the Congress of the United States of America with a view to secure reciprocal trade in declaring the articles enumerated in said section 3- to wit, sugars, molasses, coffee and hides, to be exempt from duty upon their importation into the United States of America; and "Whereas, The Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Brazil at Washington has communicated to the Secretary of State the faet that, in due reciprocity and for eonsicleration of the admüssion into the United States of America free of all duty of the articles enumerated in section 3 of said act, the Government of Brazil has, by legal enactment, authorizod the admlssion from and after April 1. 1801, into all the established ports of entry of Brazil, free of all duty, whether National. State or municipal, of the articles of merchandise named ia the following schedule, provided that the same be the produot and manufacture of the United States of America. "Schedule of articles to be admitted free into Brazil: Wheat, wheat flour, corn or maize and the manufacture thereof, including cornmeal and staren; rye, rye fiour, buckwheat, buckwheat flour and barley; potatoes, beans and peas; hay and oats; pork, salted, including pickled pork and bacon, except hams; fish, aaltcd, dricd or pickled; cottonseed oil; coal, anthraolte and bituminous; resin, tar, pitch and turpeutine; agric.iltural tools. implements and machiuory: minina and mechanical tools, tmpli : maohïnery, including stationary and portablo engines and all machinery for maouíaoturlng and industrial purposes, except sewing machines; Instruments and books for the arts and scieuccs; railway-construction material and equipznent. "And that the Government of Brazil has by legal enactment further authorized tbe admission into all tho established ports of cntry of Brazil, with a reduction of 25 percent, of the duty desl#nated on the respective article in the tariff now in force or which may hereafter be adopted in the United States of Brazil, whether National. State or municipal, of the articles or merchandise named in the following schedule, providing that the saaie be the product or manufacture of the rjnited States of America: Lard and substitutes therefor, bacon, hams, butter and cheese, canned and preserved meets, fish, fruits and vegetables: manufactures of cotton, including cotton clothing; mannfactures of iron and steel, single or mixed, not included in the foregoing scheilule: leather and the manufactures thereof, except boots and shoes ; lumber, i timber and the manufactures of wood, ïnclud ing cooperag?, furniture of all kinds, wagons, carts and carriages; manufactures of rubber. "And thaU the Government of Brazil has further provided that the laws and regulations, adopted to protact. its revenue and prevent fraud In the declarat ons and proof that the articles named in the foreoing schedules are the product or manufacturo of the United States of America, shall place no undue reBtrictions on the imponer or impose any additional charges or fees therefor on the articles imported; and. "Whereas, The Secretary of Stata has by my direction given assuranoe to the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pie:iipotentiary of Brazil at Washington that this action of the Government of Brazil i:i gtautuig exemption of duties to the produers aiui m muf.icturcs of the United States of America is accepted as a due reciprocity for the actlon oi Oongress as set forth in section 3 of said act. Now. therefore, be it known, that I, Bt-njainin Harrison, President of the United Slatei of America, have caused the above-stateJ inodillcatlons of the tariff law or Brazil to be mudo pub. ie for the Information oí toe citizcas of the UuiieJ States of America. "In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused tho seal of the United States to be afllxed. ■ "Done at the city of Washington, this flf th day of February, one thousand eight hundred and ninety one, and of the independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fifteenth. Hknjamis Harrison. "By the President: "James G. Bi.aise, Secretary of State." Under the provisions of the agreement Brasil reduces her import charges upon American producís of the farm, factory and mine to the extent of about .$5,000,000 annuallj', which is as far as she could go in the present state of her finances. The present annual importation of sujjur from lirazil is about 125,000 tons, and it is believed that under the stimulus which this reciprocity will give she will this year increase her sugur shipments to 200,000 tons, next y car to 500,000 tons, and that in five years Brazil will be able to furnish all the sugar required in the United States. Some idea of the far-reaching importance of this reciprocal agreement may be gathered from the estimates which have been made of the increased trade which will result. At present the United States pays to Urazil annually about 65,000,000, while it only receives $8,000,000 in return. It is expected that in three years Brazil will pay the United States in return for our manufactures and producís at least $25,000,000, which amount will be distributed through every section of the country.