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How Esch Voted On 12 Bellwether Issues

How Esch Voted On 12 Bellwether Issues image How Esch Voted On 12 Bellwether Issues image
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WASHINGTON- A coalition of Republicans and Sourthern Democrats scored impressive victories on more than half of the most important roll-call votes in the House of Reprasentatives in 1967. Whether by desSgn or accident, this coalition - traditionally called the "conservative coalition"- won seven of the 12 votes selected as the most significant of the year by 'the editors of Congressional Quarterly. Conservative aoalition victories were scored on the exclusión of Rep.-elect Adam C. Powell, D-N. Y., frora Congress and on votes against rent supplements, for a compulsory settlement to the rail strike, against a rat control program, for block grants to states for anticrime measures, for budget cuts of $5 billion and against the President's poverty program. The conservative coalition lost efforts to reject federal grants for "model cities," to gut the public broadcasting bill and to forbid aid to friendly ' nations who ship to or trade with North Vietnam. President obmson won on six of the 11 issues on which he tö stand- Vietna.m, model, the Teacher Corps, the rail strike, the pwblic broadcasting bill and foreign aid. He lost on rent supplements, rat control, aiticrime grants, budget cuts and antipoverty, all of which were victories for the conservative coalition. On one isswe- the rail strikethe conservative coalition and the President were on the same side, agaircst Northern Democrats and 'the labor unions. The 12 vtotes, called "Key Votes," were selected by (;he editors of Congressional Quarterly in their annual assessmenl of the most important roll calis in Congress. a There fbllow descriptions. of the "Key Votes" in the House and the positions taken by Aiin Arbor Rep. Marvin Esch. The President's; position also is ;iver foj purposes of comparison. 1. Powell Exclusión. The Democratie leadership hoped to punish Powett rather than resort to the more. drastic action of excluding ham from the House for misuse of committee funds and other inrproperties. The t i d e turned against Powell on a March 1 vote to substitute exclusión for punishent provisions the pending resolution. The be was 248-176, with a con.servative coalition of 125 Repub;ihh and 83 Southern Demorats in The voting: thern Dcmocrats 40-110; 'jiithern Democrats 83-7; Re"ibücuns 125-59. The President ■ ' noá tukc a position. A "for". WL a vote for PxclusionflHBI operations in or over N o r t h Vietnam. The vote was 18-372 against such a prohibition. All 18 members voting "Yea" ware Northern Democrats. The President opposed the prohibition. A "FOR" was a vote to prohibit such use of defense funds. Esch voted against the prohibition. 3. Rent Supplements. Controversy continued over that "Great Society" program to assist low-income families by paying the difference between 25 per cent of their income and their rent in standard housing. The House May 17 voted 233-171 to delete $10 million in new contract authority for rent supplements. The consecvative coalition won, with the President losing. The voting: Northern Democrats 11-132; Southern Democrats 59-27; Republicans 163-12. The $10 million provisión eventually was reinstated in tllé bill. A "for" was a vote to delete the $10 million provisión. Esch voted for deletion. 4. Model Cities. The "Great Society" program for renovation of certain target cities came under fiie May 17 in tb e House. Members defeated an eftort to delete all but planning funds for the program, which ultimately was given $312 million. The vote was 193-213 in a defeat for the conservative coalition. The voting: Northern Democrats 5-139; Southern Democrats 47-39; Republicans 141-35. President Johnson opposed the motion. A "for" was a vote to delete grants for model cities. Esch voted for deletion. 5. Teacher Corps. One of President Johnson's favorite projects is the Teacher Corps program for attracting high-calibre teachers to schools in ghettos and other low-income areas. That program survived a major test June 27 when the House rejected a motion to kill the program. The vothv: Democrats 63-162; Republicans 83-95. A "for" was a vote to end the Corps. Esch voted aa.inst ending the Corps. 6. Rail Strike. Faced with the first nationwide rail strike in more than 20 years and under heavy pressure from the White House, the House July 17 reversed its previous position and agreed to a bilí imposing settlement on the dispute if there was no agreement within 90 days. The vote on the bill opposed by the labor unions was 244-148, with opposition coming from Northern Democrats, who voted 4u-94. Southern Democrats voted 75-9 an-! Republicans voted 12345 for the bilí. A "for" was a vote to impose settlement on the dispute. Esch voted for imposing a settlement. 7. Rat Control. The House chamber echoed with the laughter of ridicule on July 20 as the conservative coalition killed the administration's $40-million program to help localities control rate The voting: 176-207; Northern Democrats 127-7; Southern Democrats 27-52; Republicans 22-148. ín a more contrite mood, the -House Sept. 20 approved a modified program. A "for" was a vote to kill the original rat control program. Esch voted for killing the program. 8. Anticrime. The administration's Safe Streets bilí ,to assist communities in up-grading law enforcement, was changed drastically Aug. 8 by the conservative coalition. The change roui ed money in block grants direc ly to states instead of to cities. The voting: 256-147; Northern Democrats 16-129; Southern Demecrats 68-41; Republicans 172-4. A "for" was a vote for block grants to states rather than individual grants to cities. The President was opposed. Esch voted for grants to states. 9. Public Broadcasting. The administration proposed a landmark measure establishing a nongovernmental Public Broadcasting Corp. to provide federal financial assistance to noncommercial educational broadcasting for the first time. The conservative coalition tried to kill this measure on Sept. 21, but lost. The voting: 167-194; Northern Democrats 3-122; Southern Democrats 40-39; Republicans 124-33. A "for" was a vote to kul the bill. Esch voted against killing the bill. 10. Budget Cuts. The conservative coalition or. Oct. IS usc a routine, bilí as a vehicle for al rider ordering the President to reduce government expenditures in fiscal 1968 to $131.5 billion, or $5 billion below budget requests, and to hold all departmental spending (excepting military) to fiscal 1967 levéis. The House cut did not become law. The voting: 238-164; Northern Democrats 11-134; Southern Democrats 5621; Republicans 171-9. The President was opposed. A "for" was a vote for the across-the-board reduction. Esch voted for the reduction. 11. Förëigü Aiu. The administration narrowly averted rassment on Nov. 8 when the House voted on whether to remove the President's discretionary authority to waive the existing ban on all aid to nations trading with North Viet Nam. The conservative coalition lost the vote, which was 196-200. The voting: Northern Democrats 9-137; Southern Democrats 51-30; Republicans 136-33. A "for" was a vote to bar any kind of assistance to nations trading with or shipping to Viet Nam. Esch voted for barring assistance. 12. Antipoverty. Reflecting hostility toward the Office of Economie Opportunity and its administration of the antipoverty program, t h e conservative coalition Nov. 15 cut the administration's antipovery authorization from the $2.06 billion President Johnson sought to $1,6 billion. The voting: 221-190; Northern Democrats 9-141; Southern Democrats 64-21; Republicans 148-28. A "for" was a vote for cutüng antipoverty funds. Esch voted against cutting funds.