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Our Own State Solons

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Lansing, Jan. 19, 1891. The legislature is fairly at work. Michigan is under democratie government, and it looks at this writing as if the taxes would be lessened and the legislative session shortened. These reforms go hand in hand. Representative J. V. N. Gregory, of Washtenaw, was appointed by Speaker Wachtel, Thursday, the member from the second congressional district of the committee on the congressional and legislative reapportionment. A fair reapportionment of the state will give the democrats a much better chance of carrying their congressional and legislative tickets. A glance at the maps of the different districts will show how the republicans have gerrymandered the state. Washtenaw may be put in a congressional district with Jackson, Lenawee and Monroe. Representative Lowden will make an excellent chairman of the important ways and means committee. He is a most careful and painstaking legislator. Many new bilis are being introduced. Several of them provide for a uniform system of school textbooks, and it is said that a number of members will in the future introduce bilis on this same subject. It would not be surprising if some measure of this kind should pass. As usual the session will be prolific in railroad bilis introduced. It may, unlike many of the preceding legislatures see some of them pass, for there is a growing dislike of railway lobbyists manifested by the members. A bilí has already been introduced making it a penal offense to give or take railroad passes while the pass-taker is a state or judiciary officer. A bilí introduced fixes the legal rate of fare at two cents a mile on all roads earning #1.500 a mile. The present law fixes the limit at 23.000. Senator Wisner has noticed a bilí to abolish the game wardenship. There is a notable tendency togreatly lessen the number of office-holders. This certainly is a move in the right direction. Among the odd bilis introduced is one by Representative Leach, punishing drunkards. A commission of two persons shall determine whether a man is drunk or not, and the bill contains other provisions of how the symptoms of drunkenness shall be determined. The drunkard shall be fined not over $100 for a first offense, doublé that for the second, and treble for a third. The topers should at once reform. Senator Doran, chairman of the Senate committee on the State University, Friday gave notice of his bill which would be introduced for the support of the University for the ensuing two years. The bill which will be introduced will cali for an appropriation of $199,025 for the two years. The itemized accounts are as follows: General repairs $ 10.000 Insurance 4,000 Homeopathie College and HosPital i65000 University Hospital, current expenses 16,400 Dental College, current expenses 24,000 Books for Libraries 20,000 Contingent expenses 30,000 Repairs on Chemical Laboratory 2,625 Equipment of Engineering Laboratory 4,000 Equipment of Physical and Electrical Laboratory 6.000 Equipment of Botanical and Zoological Laboratories 2,000 Purchase of site for new hospitals and completion and equipment of same 30,000 Enlargement and alteration of Law building 25,000 Enlargement and alteration of present Dental building for use of tbe Engineering department 10,000 These items are equally divided for the two years, except the item for repairs on the Chemical laboratory, which is for the first year. A very important matter which will be brought up in the bill is the suggestion; that the tax of onetwentieth of a mili which was devoted to the support of the University by an act of 1873, be increased to one-eighth of a mili on the dollar. Under the present appraisal of the taxatile property of state a tax of one-eighth of a mili will yield $1 18,000 per year. The present tax yields #47,200. Wisconsin now appropriates one-eighth of a mili, Colorado one-fifth and California one mili. The Senate committee will visit the University one week from day.