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A Poor Man's College

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The Evening news of last Satur day contains the following very in teresting article concerning the stu dents at the University. One-eighth of all the students at the University are self-supporting and are either working in the city for board and room or are fortúnate enough to have been able in the past to save enough money to send themselves here for a time at least. At any rate there are 300 men registered with the University who are here strictly by their own efforts. That this class of persons appreciate and raprove their opportunities is verified )y their class standing. A man that ïas the ambition to work himself hrough a university is exceptionally a man who is bound to come to the ront in his studies. A case that will defy comparison, and the facts of which need no longer be kept private, is that of W. C. Gates, of Clifford, Pa., who came to this city without a dollar, and by general work had collected at the end of his senior year a library worth #500, besides paying for all his living and necessary expenses. Most of his income was derived from an agency for books, but anywhere where an honest dollar wasto be madehe was an earnest competitor for the prize. He took his degree of M. D. last June, and immediately obtained a position as surgeon of the Rockland iron mining company in the upper península. This office pays him #2,500 a year, independent of private practice. In 1887 inquines were sent out to all of the students concerning the pursuits of their parents. There were 1,406 answers reèeived, and the following shows the pursuits most largely represented: Farmers, 502; merchants, 171; lawyers, 93; physicians, 83; manufacturers, 52; mechanics, 54; clergymen, 51; real estáte and insurance agents, 33; bankers and brokers, 28; teachers, 26; lumbermen, 24; builders and contractors, 17; clerks and bookkeepers, 17; druggists, 16, tailors, 15; dealers in live stock, 14; millers, 14; commercial travelers, 14; dentsts, 12; common laborers, 8; This st shows that the university of Viichigan is "A poor man's univerity." The fees in this university for students are a matriculation fee of $10 for Michigan students and $25 for those who come from any other state or country, and is paid but once, which gives the student the privileges of permanent membership in the university. There is also an annual fee of $25 for Michigan students, and $35 for all others in every department except that of literature, science and the arts, in which there is a reduction in each case of $5. Of course, there is a slight discrimination in the amount in favor of Michigan students, for the reason that the institution is mainly supported by the taxpayers of the state. The annual fees are very small when compared with eastern colleges, which vary as follows: Cornell, #75; Williams, $90; Brown, $100; Amherst, $110; Yale, $100 to $125; Harvard, $150 to #200. The expenses outside of the regular fees are mainly for board, room and books. In 1886 a large body of students thought that prices were too high and immediately formed a co-operative society, purchased the books from the publishers at wholesale prices and disposed of them to the students at cost. This was followed by a reduction in prices by the local dealers and the society broke up, since which time prices have been very moderate. Students obtain board and room in private families for from $3 to $6 per week, the average price being about $4.50, which will furnish most comfortable quarters, and the occupants are provided with light and heat. Others rent rooms at prices ranging from 75 cents to $2 a week for each student, notincluding heat and light, the average rental being about $ 1 . 2 5 . This latter class of students either board at private boarding houses at from $2.25 to #3-5 per week or in clubs, which are made up of from 30 to 70 students, who elect a steward, and each pays into his hands only his proportion of the actual expenses of the club, thus doing away with the profits which go to the boarding house keepers. The price of this kind of board ranges from $1.75 to $2.50 per week. One boarding house in the city accommodates 250 students and it is said that more people eat in this house than in any hotel in Michigan. The pYoprietor pays out #400 monthly to his butcher, which is only a small item in running such an immense establishment. Taking the reports for the past number of years of the class historians, who collect each year information of this character, itis foundthat the average annual expenses of students, including clothing and incidentals, is about $375 for the nine months. There are many who spend twice and three times this amount, ind on the other hand a large num3er who get through on half that igure. Many students only spend 5250 each year while here.