Washington Citt, Feb. 16. -The president sent the following message to congress Satarday afternoon: TO THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTAttves; The death oL WUliam Tecumseh Sherznan, which took place to-day at his residence in the city of New York at 1:50 p. m., ia an event that will bring sorrow to the heart ,of every patriotic citizen. No living American was so loved and venerated as he. To look upon nis face, to hear his name, was to have one's love of country intensified. He served his conntry, not f or fame, not out of a sense of professional duty, but f or love of the flag, and of the beneflcent civil institutions of which it was the emblem. HE WAS AN IDEAL SOLDIER, and shared to the fullest the esprit du corps of the army, but he cherished the civil institutions organized under the constitution and was only a soldier that these might be perpetuated in undiminished usefulness and honor. He was in nothing an imitator. A prof ound student of military science and precedent, he drew from them principies and suggestions, and so adapted them to novel conditions that his campaigns will continue to be the profltable study of the military profession throughout the word. His genial nature made him comrade to every soldier of the great Union army. No presence was so welcome and inspiring at the camp iire or commandery as his. HIS CAREER WAS COMPLETE. Hishonors were f uil. He had received from the government the highest rank known to our military establishment,and from the people unstinted gratitude and love. No word of mine can add to his fame. His death has followed in startling quickness that of the admiral of the navy, and it is a sad and notable incident that when the department under which he served shaü have put on the usual emblema of mourning four of the eight executive departments will e simultaneously draped in black, and one other has but to-day removed the crape from its walls. (Signed) Benjamin Harrison. Executive Kansion, Feb. 14, 1891. Order to the Army. The following executive order was also issued: It is my painful duty to announce to the country that General William Tecumseh Sherman died this day at one o'clock and fifty minutes p. m., at liis residence in the city of New York. The secretary of war will cause the highest military honors to be paid to the meraory of this distmguished officer. The national flag will be floated at half-mast over all public buildings until after the burial; and the public business will be suspended in the executive departments at the city of Washington and in the city where the interment takes place on the day of the funeral, and in all places where public expression is given to the national sorrow during such hours as will enable every officer and employé to particípate therein with their fellow citizens. [Signed] Benjamin Harrison. Executive Mansion, Washington, Feb. 14, 1881. Four Departunents Draped. Officially Washington is in mourning. Never before in the history of the government have so many executive departments at one time been draped in mourning for deceased officials. At this time the following departments are draped: The navy department for ex-Secretary Bancroft and for Admiral Porter; the treasury department for Secretary Windom; the interior department for ex-Secretary Stuart; the war department for Gen. Sherman. The mourning emblems were removed Saturday from the department of justice, which was draped for exAttorney General Devens.