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Congressional We have quite a variety of important items of news for this week, for which we are crowded for room. First in importance is the Annexation of Texas! This iniquity, which has been in contemplation for nine years, has at last been consummated by the action of both Houses of Congress. In the House, Dec. 16, the question was forced through by the help of the previous question, moved by M'Connell, of Alabama. As this is a measure of great national importance, we subjoin a complete list of the yeas and nays, as they will be convenient for future reference. The names of the Democrats are in Roman - of the Whigs in Italic, and of Natives in Small Caps: Maine. - Ayes - Dunlap, McCrate, Sawtelle, Hamlin, Williams - 5. Noes- Severance - 1. Absent - Scammon - 1. New Hampshire. - Ayes - Norris, Moulton, J. H. Johnson - S. Vacancy - 1. Vermont. - Ayes- Dillingham - 1. Noes - Foot, Collamer, Marsh - 3. Massachusetts. - Noes - Winthrop, D. P King, Abbot, B. Thompson, Hudson, Ashum, J. Rockwell, J. Q. Adams, Grinnell - 9. Vacancy - 1. Rhode Island. - Noes - Arnold, Cranston - 2. Connecticut. - Noes - Dixon, S. D. Hubbard, J. A. Rockwell, T. Smith - 4. New York. - Ayes - Anderson, Collins, DeMott, Ellsworth, Goodyear, Gordon, Grover, Hough, Hungerford, Jenkins, Lawrence, Maclay, Niven, Rathbun, Russell, Strong, Woodworth- 17. Noes - W. w. Campbell Culver, Htrrtck. E. B. Holmes, W. Hunt, Preston King, Lewis, Miller, Shaman, A. Smith, Wheaton, White, Woods, Woodruff - 14. Whigs 7, Natives 4, Democrats 3. Absent - Benton, Carroll, Moseley - 3. New Jersey. - Ayes - Skyes - 1. Noes - Hampton, Runk - S. Absent - Edt&ïï, JVrt'gh -2. Pennsylvania. - Ayes - J. H. Cami-bull C. J. Ingersol', Ere! man, Ritter, Brodhead Leib, Wilmot, McLean, J. B'ack, Fouter Garvin, J. Thompson - 12. Democrats- 1 1 Native - f. Noes -, J. R. Ingersoll McllCaine, Slrohrrt, Pollock, Rumsey, Wan ehard, ÜUiöatt, Ewing, Darragh, Buffing ton - 11. Whigs- 10i Natiye - l. Absen - Yost - 1. Delaware. - Nofts - J. )V. i4aus!on--l. Maryland. - Ayes - Prry, Ligón. Giles Constable - 4. Noes- J. G. Chapmün - l Absent - Long - 1 . Virginia. - Ayes- Atkinsof, Oromgoolr Trcadwy, E. W. Mnbbard, Lenke, SWdon Bayly, Ilunter, Ptndlelon, Bedinyer, A. A Chapman, Ilopkmv, J. .Tohitson, V. G. Browt -14. Demócrata 13, WWgo 1. Absent- Taylor- t. North Carolina. - Átifá-Grimam, liar títtgeff Dockery, Reid, Dobbin, IMcKoy, Daniel, Clarke, Briggs - 9. Democrats 6, Whlga 3. South Carolina.- Ayes- í. A. Black, Simpson, Woodward, A. D Silns, Biirt--5. Absent- I. E. Holrries, Rheit- 2. Georgia. - Ayes- T. B. King, S. Jones, HaraUon, Ltimpkin, Cobb, Slephens, Toombs -7. Democmts 4, Whigs 3. Vacancy 1. Alabama. - Ayes - Hilliard, Yancey, Paine, G. S. Housloii, R. Chapmnn, McConnell - 6. Democrats 5, Whigs 1, Absent - Dargin - 1. Mississippi. - Ayes - J. Thompson, S. Adams, Roberts, J. Davis - 4. Louisiana. -Ayes - Thibodeaux, Morse - 2. Absent - Harmonson - 1. Vacancy 1. Ohio. - Ayes - Faran, Cunningham, St. John, McDowell, Thurman, Perrill, Brinkorhoff, Pariah, Morris, Cummings, Fries - 11. Noes - Shenck, Vance, Delano, Vinton, Harper, Tilden, Giddings, Root - 8. Absent - Sawyer, Starkweather - 2. Kentucky - Ayes- Boyd, McHenry, Grider, Young, J. P. Martin, Thomasson, Trumbe, Tibeatts - 8. Whigs 5, Democrats 5. Absent - Bell, G. Lavis - 2. Tennessee. - Ayes- A . Johnson, Cock, Crosier, Cullom, G. W. Jones, B. Martin, Gentry, Chase, Stanton, M. Brown - 10. Democrats 6, Whigs 4, Vacancy 1. Indiana. - Ayes - Owen, Henley, Thomas Smith, Wick, Petit, Cathcart - 6. Noes - C B. Smith, McGaughey -2. Absent- Kennedy - 1. Not voting, Davis, (Speaker,) 1. Illinois. - Ayes - R. Smith, McClernard, Ficklin, Wentworth, Douglass, Hoge, Baker - 7. Democrats 6, Whigs 1. Missouri. - Ayes- Bowlin, Rolfe, Price, L. H. Sims - 4. Absent - Phelps - 1. Arkansas. - Ayes - Yell - 1. Michigan.- Ayes--McCIelland, Chipman, J. B. Hunt-3. The vote, analyzed, stands, affirmative, 141 viz: Democrats from Slave States 62; do. from Free States 58; Whigs from Slave States; do from Free States 0; Natives 1. Negatives 56 - Whigs from Free States 46: do. from Slave States 2; Democrat; from Free States 3; do. from Slave States 0; Natives 5. The vote in the Senate was as follows: Maine. - Aye - Fairfield; Nay - Evans. New Hampshire. - Aye - Arherton, Jennes . Vermont. - Nay - Upham, Phelps. Massachusetts. - Nay - Webster, Davis . Rhode Island. - Nay - Simmons, Greene. Connecticut. - Aye - Niles; Nay - Huntington. New York. - Aye - Dix, Dickensen. New Jersey. - Nay - Miller, Absent, 1. Pennsylvania. - Aye; Sturgeon, Absent, 1. Maryland. - Absent, 2. Delaware.- Nay ; T. Clayton, J. M. Clayton. Virginia. - Aye; Archer, 1 Vacancy. North Carolina. - Aye: Mangum, Haywood. South Carolina. - Aye; Calhoun, Absent, 1. Georgia. - Aye; Berrien, Colquitt. Alabama - Aye; Bagby, Lewis. Mississippi - Aye; Chalmers, Speight. Louisiana - Aye; Barrow, Johnson. Tennessee - Aye; Turner, Absent, 1. Kentucky - Absent, 2. Ohio - Aye; Allen, - Nay; Corwin. Indiana. - Aye; Hannegan, one vacancy Illinois. - Aye; Breese, Abtent 1. Missouri. - Aye; Atchison, Benton. Arkansas. - Aye; Ashley, Sevler. Michigan - Aye; Cass - Nay; Woodbridge. Florida. - Aye; Levy, Westcott. Mr. Pennybacker, a new member, voted aye. We know not his politics. Besides him, it will be seen that there were ayes 50, nays, 15. Every Democrat, north and south, voted for the admission of Texas, as also six Whigs or one third of the whole number present. The Oregon question is the great absorbing one at Washington. The resolutions of Mr. Cass, for inquiring into the state of preparation in the country for defense, were discussed by Webster, Woodbridge, Crittenden, and others, and passed unanimously, as being harmless in themselves. In the House, Mr. Winthrop of Massachusetts introduced the following, which we give entire, because they represent the views extensively prevalent in New England: 1. Resolved, That the difference between the United States and Great Britain, on the subject of the Oregon Territory, are still a subject for negotiation and compromise, and that satisfactory evidence has not yet been afforded that no compromise which the United States ought to accept can be effected. 2. Resolved, That it would be dishonor to the age in which we live, and in the highest degree discreditable to both that nations concerned, if they shall suffer themselves to be drawn into a war upon a question of no immediate or practical interest to either of them. S. Resolved, That if no other mode for the amicable adjustment of this question remains, it is due to the principles of civilization and christianity that a resort to arbitration should be had; that this Government cannot relieve itself from all responsibility which may follow the future to settle the controversy while this resort is untried. 4. Resolved, That arbitration does not necessarily involve a reference to crowned heads; and that, if a jealousy of such a reference is entertained in any quarter, a commission of able and dispassionate citizens either from the two countries concerned, or from the world at large, offers itself as on obvious and unobjectionable alternative. Mr. Douglas of Illinois thereupon moved the following additional resolutions: 1. Resolved, That the title of any part of the Oregon Territory south of 54 degrees 40 minutes of north latitude is not open to compromise so as to surrender any part of said Territory. 2. Resolved, That the question of title to that Territory should not be left to arbitration. Both sets of resolutions were laid on the table for future debate, and to come up together. Rev. Mr. Milburne, of Illinois, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was elected Chaplain to the House. Mr. Allen submitted to the Senate his joint resolution relative to the joint occupancy of Oregon. The following is a copy: Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled: That the president of the United States be and he is hereby advised to give, forthwith, notice to the government of Great Britain that the government of the United States will, in virtue of the second article of the convention of the 6th of August, A. D. 1827. between the United States and Great Britain, relative to the joint occupancy of Oregon Territory, and after the expiration of twelve months from the day on which such notice shall have been received by the Government of Great Britain, annul and abrogate that convention. Mr. Atchinson offered a series of resolutions of inquiry into the expediency of organizing a territorial government in Oregon - of establishing a chain of military posts from Missouri to the mouth of the Columbia - granting lands to settlers - arming and equipping the Oregon militia, &c. &c. In the House, naturalization and native Americanism were discussed at an immense expenditure of wind, but with no other result. Mr. McClelland, of Michigan, introduced a bill making an appropriation for the construction of a ship canal around the falls of St. Mary at the outlet of Lake Superior; which was twice read and referred to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. McClelland presented the following resolution which was adopted: Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be requested to report to this House, as soon as practicable, the compensation and emoluments received, and the amount of fines, penalties, and forfeitures retained by each of the several collectors at the ports of Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Charleston, Savannah, and New Orleans, during the four years ending the 30th day of June 1845.