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Slavery: Its Political Evils, And Their Remedy: No. Viii

Slavery: Its Political Evils, And Their Remedy: No. Viii image
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Last week we showcd from the declaration of tho Slavcholders themselves, thnt thcy have "almost ahoays monopolized high federal office ;" and have had "the lion's share of politica] power." Let us look at a few facts in detail. TiiEVrcK Pjresidkncv. The Vice President has the casting vote in the Sonate, and it sometimes turns the scalë on most important questions. Our readers recollect that the casting vote of icc President Dallas carried jbrward through one of its stages the r.ew Democratie Tarifflaw. It is important forihe Slaveholders to have a man stationed in that as, who, in case of dangei can put his finger on any design mischicvous to Slavery, and crush it in a moment ! - Yet to secure the Prcsidency, thcy have been content 'to elect a northern man a part of the time, providrd hc had southem principies. Tlnis Calhoun served from 1824 to 1832: Van Buren, from 1832 to 1836 : R. M. Johnson, to 1840 : John Tyler was elected to 1844 ; and G. M. Dallas, a bitter rcviler of abolition, to 1848. Thus even for this office, in 24 years, the slaveholders get men of their own number 16 years ; and two doughfaces for eight years. Is not this "the lion's share ?" But how isit in the eleclions of President of theSenate pro-lem ? Up to June, 1842,there had been 76 elections for this officer,of which the Slave States had hac SIXTY, and the Free States 16, or one quarter of the whole ! Mr. Southard was elected in 1342. Previous to that no northern man had received the appoint ment for thirly years ! At the late session a few weeks since, Mr. Dallas left a daj before its close, and who was electec President pro tem? Mr. Atchinson, a Missouri Slaveholder !The State departmext. The Secretan of State has charge o the Foreign Correspondence, and inslructs Ihe foreign ministers, and through them negotiates the out-door trades of the nation. Up to the present time, 15 persons have filled thissituation : 10 of these, were from the Slave States, and fi ve from the Free : whereas the proportion nccording to the number of votcrs, should have been exactly reversed. TlIE WarDePARTMEXT. Of the 93 oflicers employcd ín this delartment at Washington, 40 are from the District of Columbia - the remainder are said to be from Virginia and Maryland. ín 1842, under Mr. Upshur, of 191 naval appointments, the Slave States had 171 : the Free States only 73. The Speaker of the House. This officer appoints all the Committees, and thereby exerts an immense influence on the legislation of the country, üuring 31 of the 34 years from 1811 to to 1845, the Speakers were all slaveholders. Did this happen merely by chance?Presidential Electors. During the twenty years ending in 1832, there were six presidential elecions. In ihese the South cast 608 elecoral votes, but only 41 of them for Northern candidates. Durtng the 20 years ending in 1835, there were five Presidcntinl elections, in which the South cast 515 electoral votes, only eleven of which were for northern men. Why was this ? Foreigx Ministers. ■ But without going back to the records of the past, how stands the nation at the present ? Look at its foreign agents. - Herc is a-list of them with remarles, published a short time since, by a thoroughly pro-slavcry prints - the N. Y. Express. List ok Diplomatic Agents gf tiikU. States. Full "Ministers f rom Slaveholding Slates. England - Louis McLane. France - William R. King. Spaix - Romulus M. Saunders. Ti;rkkv - Dabney S. Carr. Mexico - John SÏidell. 'Brazil - Ilenry A. Wise. Charges.Austria - William A. Stiles. Holland - Auguste Davezac. Bklcium - Thomas G. Clemson. The Two SicrLiEs - Wm. H. Polk. Sardina - Robert VVickliíFe. Portugal - Abraham Rencher. Venezuela - Benj. G. Shields. Buenos Ayrks - Geo. Harria. Chili - William Crump. Non-Slaveholding States as Represen ted ABROAD. Full Ministers, nol one. Charges. Denmark - Willinm W. Irwin. Sweeden - H. W. Ellsworth. Central America - B. W. Bidlack. Perc - A. G. JfewetL Thus it will be perceived that every full minisíer is f "rom a slaveholding state, and tliat nine outof the thirteen Chargeships have also becn .electcd from the South - and further, that the four positions given to Northern men, are among the most insignifícant Governmetsin the world. The four charge-ships from the North, compr'sing a population of ten tnillíons ; the seven ministers and nine charge-ships, representing the slaveholding interests, comprising a population of seven millions, including three millions of llaves. It is not to be wondeed af, that with these facts staring the Representativos from the Free Statess in the face,thereshould be a largo nbolition party growing up in the country, - and that a spirit of sectioüal independence shouldhave found its way into Congress, upon n question of the acquisition of foreign territory." Sincc tho publication of the preceding list, R. J. Ingersol has been appointed from Connecticut to Russia, and Mr. Bancroft, of Mass. to England. A few favors dealt out in this way prevents the North from openly rebelling against its masters. The si;m of the matter. Do nol all these prominent, startling, undeniable facts, show that the insolent tfareat of Randolph has been fulfilled to the letter when he said, "We d not govern them ('the people of the North) by our black slavcs, but by their oien white .fiares. We Icnoic whát wc aredoing. We. of the South, are nhvays united, from the Ohio to Florida- and we can always unite ; but you, of the North, are beginning to divide". Wc hare conquered you once, and we can. and wc ?c7, conquer yau again. Aye, Sir, toewill drive you to the wal!, and when we have you the re once more, we mean to keep you there, and nail you down licc base monet.'"