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Submarine Railways

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-Mr. De lallnyc, aftcr the reading of n paper "On Ancicnt aud Modern Modos of Trvelling,' ai the Liverpool Polyiechnic Society, on Monday, in which ho expatialed upon the ndvant.nges of railway transit, and expressed his belief ihnt by-and-by, a daily communication would be established bctween Chili, India, and London, by means of the electric telcgraph, alluded to his invention of submnrine railways. Wo have befo re given full details of Mr. De la Hnye's plan, which is to construct nn immense iron tube, to be lowered from above. and riveied togetherby means of the diving-bell. When completed, rails are to be laid down, and locomotivos, unafTected by external influences, are to career beneath the bosom of the deep. - iiis theory is, that tho vlolence ofth most violent storrns is not feit lower than twenty feet below the surface, and that tho pressure of the water together with the accumulaiion of snnd, ' &c. would retain the tube in the position in which it might be placed. Mr. De la Mayéis a Biitish subject of French extraction, and ycvy enthusiastic in hit hope as to the adoption and succe'ss of his invention. - When his assertions had been doubted or disregarded, he comforts himself with the assurance that nearly all great inventions have been at first exposed to ric cul Liverpool Standard. (E? Tho Boston Chronotype is out for the nomination of John P. Hale as the candidate for Presidency of the combined honest men of this country, at the next election. Me ihinks him far preferable to the antislavery hangers-on of the Whig party, like Seward and kindred spirits. 0 Tho U. S. Mails travelled last yenr,- In the Free States, 21.393,564 miles. " Slave " 16,004,850 " The cost of transportaron per mile in the Free States was 53 cents : in the Slave States, 95 cents, or nearly twice as much. (L The proceedings of the Legislatura for the past wrek, have been quite dull, and mostly concerning local matters. We have gathered some items which have some general interest. ft The artiele forwarded to ub by Mr. El lis was o good one, but the pressure of news nt this season of the year precludcs its publication. Il is stated in the N. Y. Commercial Advertiser, that Mr. Webster will makO a tour through the Southern States, immediately after the adjournment of Congress. He bas had this visit in contemplation for several years, but though solicitedby his friend3 in various placas, hhs never lefore been able to gratiiy their withes.