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Election Of Speaker

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For a wonder, ihe House of Ropresentntives al Washington have elected a nortliern man for Speaker. We speak of t as a wotidcr, becaue the office of Speaker, wliich 3 second n point of nctual power only to tlial of President, has for a long time been mostly monopolized by the Slaveholding States. As some may cali lliis in question, we will nnrne the Speakers for the last 36 years, thus : Elected: 1811 Henry Clay, Ky. 1813 Henry Clay. 1811 L. Clieves, S. C. 1815 Henry Clay. 1817 Henry Clay. 1819 Henry Clay. 1820 J. W. Taylor, N. Y. 1821 P. P. Harbour, Va. 1823 Ilenry Clay. 1825 J. VV. Tnylor. 1827 A. Stevenson, Va. 1829 A. Stevenson. 1831 A. SleveDson. 1833 A. Stevenson. 1834 John Bell, Tenn. 1835 J. K. Polk, Tenn. 1837 J. K. Polk. 1839 R. M. T. Hunter, Va. 1841 John White, Ky. 1843 J. W. Jones, Va. 1845 J. W. Davis, Ia. Mr. Winthrop was only el cted by one vote, and that was cast by Mr. Levin, the Native member from Philadelphia. - The Era notices the elecüon thus : "Three effbits were made, occupying nearh' three hours, bifore ihe work could be accomplished. Mr. Winthrop, of Massachusetts, was the Whig caucus candklate, and received, on the first counl, one hundred and eight votes out of two hiyidred and twenty. A majority of the whole number being necessary, a second trial was made, wi.en lie received one hundred and nine, out of two hundred and nineteen votes. Messrs. Palfrey, Giddings, and Tuck, voted either for General Wilson, of New Hampshire, or George Ashmun, of Massachusetts. Mr. Levin gave lus vole to Linn Boyd, the principal candiJate of the Democrats. Mr. Tompkins, the new Whig member from Mississippi, voted in the first instance for J. Gayle, of Alabama. The excitement was intense, but exemplary order was observed. Mnny efibrts were made to shake the resolution of the dissentients just named; indications of profound anxiety were everywhere manifest. A third trial terminated the ngony. Two hundred and eighteen votes were cast. Mr. Winthrop had rpceived only one hundred and nine ; but Mr. Levin stepped forward, clianged his vote, and the tellers announced one one hundred and ten, (or a majority of the whoic number) voting m favor Of Mr. Winthrop." "The independent conduct of a few Members, in withholding from him their support, errated no smal] irritation among mere partisans ; but Congress, as well as ihe Nation, n&eds thecounsels and action of just such men. Their consistency will give them a position and moral influence they could never acquire by making themselvesthe mere vassals of party." T'.iis departure from the support of the party by Giddings and Palfrey, will cause them to remain forever marked by the Southern wing of tho party. As for Mr. Tuck, he was elected as an independent man, and gave bis vote aceordingly. - Mr. Willson, however, for whom he voted, gave his support to Mr. Winthrop. The correspondent of the N. Y. Tribune gives a furtber revelation of the course of Messrs. Tuck and Giddings, as füllows : "On good and sufficienl grounds, in the opinión of many, Messrs. Giddings of Ohio and Tuck of New Hampshire refused to aid in the elevation of Mr. Winthrop, nor is it to ba objected to Mr. Palfrey of impertinacious opposition to that gentleman, ïf he passed by ihe gri6cation of Staie pride or even the considorations of personal friendhip, provided his course was dictaled by devolion to principie, too potent to be resisted. Where he is best known, most undoubtedly, his conduct in the premises will be duly considered. This I think can be said with truth that none regretted more dceply and sincerely the painful necessity that seemed to urge their opposition than these three gentlemen themselve.?. But theii deliberations convinced them of the righteoasness of their course and their cnsciences compelled its adoption. "It is but reasonnble to suppose, from developements that have met the eyes of many, that these gentlemen had opened, previously to the cay of' the mee'.ing of Congress, a direct correspondence with Mr. Winthrop, - nor do I think it would bc a violntioo of truth to state that they sought satisfaction from him as to what would be his course, - provided he was elected Speaker, - in the appoiniment of Committees :- - "Ïf he would constilule the Committees of Foreign Relations and of Ways and Aleans so as to nrrest the existing War - "If he would constitute the Committee on Territories so as to prevent the legal, establishment of slavery wiüiiil any territory - "If he would so constitute the Committee on the Judiciary ns to favor the repeal of the law of Feb. 12, '93, which denies trial by jury to persons charged witb being slaves - as to give a fair and favorable considera) ion to the questior. of repeal of those acts of Congress which now 9ustain sliivery in the District of Columbia, and to promote such measures ns may be in the power of Congress to remedy the grievances of which Mnssachusetts complains from South Carolina, in regard to ill treatment of her citizens. "There was alwndant renson for the ir)ti('ition of sucl) inquiriesen the part of these gentlemen. The public mina at the Norlh has been, and is, much agitated on some f nat ril these qucstions ; and the gentlemen llurfed to, ench nnd all, represent constiluencies wheresuch considerations nro the all alisorbing feeling. To blindly run the risk of endnngering the proper discussion and treatment of these matlers hy the appointment of hostile or even indifferent cornmittees, they could not saliify their consciences was right - nor did they believe they could so easily satisfy their constituencies. ''But even to interrogatones put in such respectful and friendly a manner, nnd springing fmm such good reasons, Mr. Winthrop had but one reply, in his own esiimalion, to make. Those who know him will anticipite the replv - for it was, like himself, high-minded, frank, and de(ermined. He could give no ple:lges. - He had served seven years in Congress, and taken an active part in almost every measure submitted to its conideralion during suoh time. His votes were on record. His speeches were a part of the hi&tory of Congress. If they had Iniled tn inspire confidence in hiscourse he could easily say that nothing got up for the occasion ought to do so. Unpledged.ho was nominated - unpledged, if at all, he could be elected. "I see nothing in the conduct of either party to this transaction to disapprove - muchio admire."