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UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union

UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image UMS Concert Program, May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908: Fifteenth Annual May Festival Of The University Of Michigan -- The Choral Union image
Day
1
Month
May
Year
1908
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Season: 1907-1908
Concert: TENTH
Complete Series: CLXX
University Hall, Ann Arbor

1908
OFFICIAL PROGRAM BOOK
[official]
FIFTEENTH
ANNUAL MAY FESTIVAL
OF THE
University of Michigan
TO BE HBUJ IN
University Hall, Ann Arbor
May 13, 14, 15, 16, 1908
ann arbor, michigan
University School of Music
1908
UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
FRANCIS W. KELSEY, President ALBERT A. STANLEY, Director
LEVI D. WINES, Treasurer DURAND V. SPRINGER. Secretary
The Choral Union
NINETEENTH SEASON J907-J908
ALBERT A. STANLEY
CONDUCTOR EARLE G. KILLEEN
ASSISTANT CONDUCTOR
CHARLES A. SINK, Secretary FRED KILLEEN, Librarian
MISS MINNIE M. DAVIS, Pianist LLEWELLYN L. RENWICK, Organist
ILLUSTRATIONS
Frederick A. Stock...... Facing Page vi
Albert A. Stanley...... " " x
Llewellyn L. Renwick...... " " 14
Herbert Witherspoon ...... " " 18
corinne rlder-kelsey...... " "22
Leopold de Mare....... " " 26
Ernestine Schumann-Heink..... " "38
Edward Johnson....... " " 42
Earle G. Killeen....... " "46
Janet Spencer....... " " 50
Claude Cunningham...... " "54
The Theodore Thomas Orchestra
FOUNDED BY THEODORE THOMAS
FREDERICK A. STOCK
CONDUCTOR
FIRST VIOLINS
BECKER, L. ESSER, F. BRAUN, H., Jk. NURNBERGER, L. SCHULZ, M. WUNDERLE, C. ITTE, F. KRUSCHWITZ, E.
SECOND VIOLINS
HILLMANN, C. HLADKY, F. WOOLLETT, W. ¦ NOVAK, L. BUSSE, A. ULRICH, A.
VIOLAS
MEYER, G. SCHROETER, R. MITTELSTAEDT, F. HESSELBACH, O.
VIOLONCELLOS
STEINDEL, B. UNGER, W. CORELL, L. FELBER, H.
BASSES
KLEMM, L. WOLF, O. PARBS, H. OTTE, F.
HARP
SINGER, W.
FLUTES
QUENSEL, A. BAUMBACH, C.
PICCOLO
SCHROETER, R.
OBOES
BARTHEL, A. HESSELBACH, O.
ENGLISH HORN
STARKE, P.
CLARINETS
. SCHREURS, J. BUSSE, A.
BASS CLARINET
MEYER, C.
BASSOONS
KRUSE, P. KRUSCHWITZ, E.
CONTRA-BASSOON
FRIEDRICH, L.
HORNS
DeMARE, L. POTTAG, M. FRANK. W. ALBRECHT, C.
TRUMPETS
SCHUBERT, O. HANDKE, P.
CORNETS
ULRICH, A. FELBER, H.
TROMBONES
STANGE, G. ZELLER, W. NICOLINI. J.
BASS TUBA
OTTE, F.
TIMPANI
ZETTELMANN, J.
PERCUSSIONS
WINTRICH. M. WAGNER, F.
LIBRARIAN
McNICOL, T.
List of Concerts and Soloists
WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 13, 8:00 O'CLOCK
OPENING CONCERT
SOLOISTS
Mme. Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Contralto
Mr. Llewellyn L. Renwick, Organist
Mr. Frederick A. Stock, Conductor
THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 14, 8:00 O'CLOCK
"THE CREATION"
Haydn
SOLOISTS '
Mrs. Corinne Rider-Kelsey, Soprano Mr. Edward Johnson, Tenor
Mr. Herbert Witherspoon, Bass
The Choral Union Mr. Llewellyn L. Renwick, Organist Mr. Albert A. Stanley, Conductor
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, MAY 15, 2:30 O'CLOCK
SYMPHONY CONCERT
SOLOISTS
Miss Janet Spencer, Contralto Mr. Leopold deMare, French Horn Mr. Frederick A. Stock, Conductor
FRIDAY EVENING, MAY IS, 8:00 O'CLOCK
MISCELLANEOUS CONCERT
SOLOIST Mme. Ernestine Schtjmann-Heink Mr. Frederick A. Stock, Conductor
SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 16, 7:30 O'CLOCK
"FAUST," An Opera in Five Acts
Gounod
CAST
Faust, Mr. Edward Johnson
Margarita, Mrs. Corinne Rider-Kelsey
Mephistopheles, Mr. Herbert Witherspoon Martha, Miss Janet Spencer
Valentine, Mr. Claude Cunningham
Brander, Mr. Earle Killeen
Students, Soldiers, Villagers, Angels, Demons, The Choral Union
Mr. Llewellyn L. Renwick, Organist
Mr. Albert A. Stanley, Conductor
CHORAL UNION SERIES 1907-1908
NINETEENTH SEASON
No. CLXVI, COMPLETE SERIES
SIXTH CONCERT
First May Festival Concert
WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 13, 8 O'CLOCK
SOLOISTS
Mme. Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Contralto Mr. Llewellyn L. Rbnwick, Organist Mr. Frederick A. Stock, Coiductor
Mozart
Rheinberger
PROGRAM
VORSPIEL, " Die Meistersinger" ' . ¦ . Wagner
LYRIC SUITE, Opus 54 Grieg
Shepherd's Boy Norwegian March Nocturne March of the Dwarfs . .
RECITATIVE AND ARIA of "Vitellia," from "Titus" Mme. Ernestine Schumann-Heink
CONCERTO, for Organ, No. 2, G minor, Op. 177 Grave; Andante; Con moto
Mr. Llewellyn L. Renwick
INTERMISSION OVERTURE, " Barber of Bagdad" ¦ ¦ . Cornelius
RECITATIVE AND ARIA, from "Prophete," Meyerbeer
Mme. Ernestine Schumann-Heink
VALSE DE CONCERT, Opus 47 Glazounow
THE DAMNATION OF FAUST Berlioz
Invocation--Menuet of the Will-o' -the-Wisps Dance of the Sylphs March, " Rakoczy "
FREDERICK A. STOCK
CHORAL UNION SERIES, 1907-1908
NINETEENTH SEASON
No. CLXVII, COMPLETE SERIES
SEVENTH CONCERT
Second May Festival Concert
THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 14, 8 O'CLOCK
THE "CREATION"
An Oratorio in Three Parts, by Josef Haydn
SOLOISTS
Mrs. Corinne Rider-Kelsey, Soprano Mr. Edward Johnson, Tenor Mr. Herbert Witherspoon, Bass
The Choral Union Mr. Llewellyn L Renwick, Organist Mr. Albert A. Stanley, Conductor
SYNOPSIS
PART FIRST
Representation of Chaos.
Recit. and Chorus--In the beginning,
God.
Air--Now vanish before the holy. Chorus--Despairing, cursing rage. Recit.--And God made the firmament. Solo and Chorus--The marvellous
work.
Recit.--And God said: Let the waters. Air--Rolling in foaming billows. Recit.--And God said: Let the earth. Air--With verdure clad. Recit.--And the Heavenly Host. Chorus--Awake the harp. Recit.--And God said: Let there be
lights.
Recit.--In splendor bright. Chorus--The heavens are telling.
PART SECOND
Recit.--And God said: Let the waters. Air--On mighty pens.
Recit.--And God created great whales. Recit.--And the angels. Terzetto--Most beautiful appear. Trio and Chorus--The Lord is great. Recit.--And God said: Let the earth. Recit.--Straight opening her fertile. Air--Now heaven in fullest glory shone. Recit.--And God created man. Air--In native worth. Recit.--And God saw everything. Chorus--Achieved is the glorious work. Trio--On thee each living soul awaits. Chorus--Achieved is the glorious work.
part third
Introduction.
Recit--In rosy mantle appears.
Duet and Chorus--By thee with bliss.
Duet and Chorus--Of stars the fairest.
Recit.--Our duty we have now.
Duet--Graceful consort.
Recit.--Oh happy pair.
Chorus--Sing the Lord, ye voices all.
CHORAL UNION SERIES, 1907-1908
NINETEENTH SEASON
No. CLXVIII, COMPLETE SERIES
EIGHTH CONCERT
Third May Festival Concert
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, MAY 15, 2:30 O'CLOCK
SYMPHONY CONCERT
SOLOISTS
Miss Janet Spencer, Contralto Mr. Leopold de Mare, French Horn Mr. Frederick A. Stock, Conductor
PROGRAM
OVERTURE, "Benvenuto Cellini" Berloiz
RECITATIVE AND ARIA, " O ma Lyre Immortelle,"
from '' Sapho'' Gounod
Miss Janet Spencer
INTRODUCTION TO ACT I, "Fervaal" d' Indy
CONCERTO, for French Horn Strauss
Mr. I,eopoi,d de Mare
INTERMISSION
SYMPHONY No. i, B flat, Opus 38 Schumann
Andante un poco maestoso--Auegeo molto vivace;
Larghetto; Scherzo; Aixegro Animato e grazioso
CHORAL UNION SERIES, 1907-1908
NINETEENTH SEASON
No. CLXIX, COMPLETE SERIES
NINTH CONCERT
Fourth May Festival Concert
FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 15, 8 O'CLOCK
MISCELLANEOUS CONCERT
SOLOIST
Mme. Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Contralto Mr. Frederick A. Stock, Conductor
PROGRAM
OVERTURE, to " Der Faule Hans " RiTTER
TWO LEGENDS FROM THE " KALEVALA" Sibelius
'' The Swan of Tuonela''
'' Lemminkainen Turns Homeward''
TOD UND DAS MlDCHEN Schubert
DIE JUNGE NONNE Schubert
DER ERLKONIG . Schubert
Mme. Ernestine Schumann-Heink
VARIATIONS, Opus 36 Elgar
INTERMISSION
OVERTURE, " Rienzi " Wagner
RECITATIVE AND ARIA, "Adriano" (Rienzi) Wagner
Mme. Ernestine Schumann-Heink
RONDO, " Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks " Strauss
CHORAL UNION SERIES, 1907-1908
NINETEENTH SEASON TENTH CONCERT
No. CLXX, COMPLETE SERIES
Fifth May Festival Concert
SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 16, 7:30 O'CLOCK
" FAUST "
An Opera in Five Acts, by Chari.es Gounod
CAST
Faust Mr. Edward Johnson
Margarita Mrs. Corinne Rider-Kelsey
Mephistopheles Mr. Herbert Witherspoon
Martha Miss Janet Spencer
Valentine Mr. Claude Cunningham
Brander Mr. Earle Killeen
Students, Soldiers, Villagers, Angels, Demons Choral Union
Mr. Llewellyn L,. Ren wick, Organist
Mr. Albert A. Stanley, Conductor
SYNOPSIS
ACT I Scene and Aria--"I wish I could but Introduction. know."
Scene and Chorus--"In vain do I call." Quartet--"Saints above and angels."
Duet--"If I pray." Duet--"The hour is late."
Kermesse. CHORUS-"Red or white MANZA-'-Who'er thy joying."
Recit and ARiA-"Dear gift of my Soldiers CHORus-Glory and love to
sister.. & y the men of oId
"Even bravest heart may swell." SERENADE-"Catarina, while you play at
BAi-The Calf of Gold" TERzS"What is your will with me "
Waltz and ChorusLight as air at Church Scene-"O, thou! who on thy early morning. throne."
ACT III ACT V
Ballad--"Gentle flowers in the dew." DuET--"My heart is torn with grief."
Cavatina--"What is it that charms Terzet--"Then leave her!"
me" Chorus of Angels--"No! not so!"
ALBERT A. STANLEY
Descriptive Programs
ANALYSES BY
ALBERT A. STANLEY
(With exceptions noted in text)
All Concerts Begin on Standard Time
DOORS OPEN ONK HOUR BEFORE THE
BEGINNING OF EACH
CONCERT
FIRST CONCERT
Wednesday Evening, May 13, 1906
VORSPIEL, "Meistersinger," Wagner
Born May 22, 1813, at Leipzig; died at Venice, February 13, 1883.
Counterpoint has been given a new task in these latter days. It has become the "Servant of Feeling" (to quote Richard Wagner's saying) instead of the language of pedantry. "Counterpoint with a soul," as it may now be called, has nowhere more convincingly proven its right to be than in the works of Richard Wagner, who has been called "Der verschle'ierte Bach" (the veiled Bach). In the revelation of individual passion in its manifold phases, as well as in illustration of the complicated relations of life, Wagner employed the style of writing which in Bach's time served as the expression of the religious convictions of the man, or too frequently existed for its own sake. Were one asked to give a concrete illustration of this inevitable evolution of the polyphonic idea, it would be impossible to cite a work in which all that is involved in the highest concept of this idea comes to expression in greater measure than in Die Meistersinger. Contrary to the master's definition of the function of the overture--and quite in accordance with the relation of theory and practice in many of his works, the Meistersinger Prelude is the opera reduced to its lowest terms. That is to say, in this marvelous web of related and interrelated themes we meet with motives which stand for the various dramatic factors in the plot. Individuals, principles, points of view, pure abstractions and concrete experiences all combine in this work, each represented by distinctive themes. As in the life of the proud old city on the Pegnitz, burghers, meistersingers, apprentices, lived and loved, struggled and conquered, so here in the score the motives combine in a unity broad enough to include the infinite variety of the individual expressions.
LYRIC SUITE, from Op. 54 Grieg
Born June 15, 1843, at Bergen, Norway; died there September 4, 1907. Shepherd's Boy: Norwegian Rustic March; Nocturne; March of the Dwarfs.
Edward Hagerup Grieg cannot be included in the ranks of the greater geniuses, but in his death the world of music sustained a great loss.
He gave to the world something that was distinctive--something new that was vital--something that rose above the manner of statement and laid hold on verities-and of such the world has known but too few. Much that is novel is not worth while--much that appears novel is new only in so far as its method of presentation is
14 Official Program Book.
unique, but, fortunately, that which makes its appeal through novelty, as such, never survives. Grieg not only sounded a new note but that note was the voice of a race. In his treatment of the themes, so original, so instinct with the charm of his rare personality, and so surcharged with tradition and national feeling, he ever looked beyond the letter that he might more perfectly show forth the spirit. He left no school--but he did more than that: he made the music of his country an artistic asset of enormous value by opening up new sources of inspiration. He showed his greatness in his mastery of the smaller forms--and could say great things in a few words--for he never seemed to have mastered the art--no! the "knack"--of saying little things in the "grand manner."
As a good illustration of his style the Suite on our program may be cited. It is made up from a work for pianoforte. From the six numbers included in the Suite four were chosen and scored by the composer himself. In a certain sense it is not an arrangement, for a composer may write for the piano and think in terms of the orchestra. That is, some composers can do this effectively--but the practice carries with it obvious dangers. The different numbers are so thoroughly in consonance with the suggestions of their titles that they need no analysis.
RECITATIVE AND ARIA, "Non piu di fiori," from "Titus," Mozart
Born at Salzburg, January 27, 1756; died at Vienna, December 5, 1791.
Madame Schumann-Heink.
This work received its first performance in Prague, September 6, 1791. Mozart was throwing himself, heart and soul, into the composition of his immortal Requiem, when he received a commission to write a festal opera in honor of the Emperor Leopold's coronation at Prague. The text selected was Metastasio's "Clemenza de Tito." Although the time allowed him was very short, and in spite of the fact that the subject given him was distasteful, he began work upon it with his accustomed enthusiasm. He was, however, obliged to set out on his journey to the Bohemian capital with the score unfinished. Arriving at Prague in the middle of August, he completed the opera, rehearsed it, and produced it in eighteen days after his arrival. It was not successful, for the people were too much occupied with the brilliant festivities of the week to be in a receptive mood, and the work itself was not calculated to arouse enthusiasm. Viteixia : Ha! now strikes, O Vitellia, the dread hour of trial! Hast thou the courage to behold the noble, faithful Sextus bleed for thee Sextus, who loves thee more than life; who for thy sake became a traitor; who proves his fidelity through death; who unrewarded loves thee still! In spite of this wilt thou, forgetting thy guilt, with cheerful mien share the throne with Titus Will not the picture of Sextus restlessly pursue thee The breezes, the very walls will reveal my secret to Titus! No! I will at his feet my guilt confess! Through this confession I shall excuse the guilt of Sextus! Can I not blot out this stain; then farewell to all hope of the throne and to love forever!
Perfume-distilling roses are fading,
Blossoms and flow'rets my presence doth blight.
Shadows are falling, terror foreboding,
Powers of evil are closing me round.
Woe! Accursed one!
LLEWELLYN L. RENWICK
First Concert. 15
CONCERTO, for Organ, No. 2. G minor, Op. 177. Rheinberger
Born at Vaduz, March 17, 1839; died at Munich, November 25, 1902.
Grave; Andante; Con Moto.
Mr. Renwick.
This work is one of the comparatively few really effective compositions for the organ and orchestra in existence. Berlioz, in his "Treatise on Instrumentation," says: "This combination can never be made artistically satisfying, as the qualities of tone are such as to make a homogeneous effect impossible." Moreover, he says, "the two are opposed to each other, for neither can give up to the other. Each is king." However much there may be of truth in this statement, in this concerto we meet with a treatment of the solo instrument so radically different from that of Berlioz's time that the reasons for his dictum are not apparent. In this genial work--as in the earlier concerto, in F major--we find virile themes combining with poetic episodes, the whole dominated by clarity of form, and expressed in the natural speech of the organ--polyphony. In it, as in all his works, the composer treats the instrument in a manner calculated to show its plasticity, and to reveal its grace as well as power. Such a conception of the organ was unknown to Berlioz, hence his autocratic attitude towards the instrument, which was intensified by his contempt for the fugal forms which have always dominated organ literature. When one analyses any of Berlioz's attempts at fugal writing an excellent reason for this contempt is clearly revealed.
OVERTURE, "Barber of Bagdad," Cornelius
Born Christmas Eve, 1824, at Mainz; died October 24, 1874, at Mainz.
Carl August Peter Cornelius should have been a Gliickskind, judging from the date of his birth, and to a certain degree this may have been true. He was a man of varied gifts, intellectual, and scholarly. His parents were identified with the stage, and did not look with favor upon his decision to devote himself to music. He was powerfully attracted to Richard Wagner, by whom he was greatly influenced, and he rendered great service to the master through his convincing articles, especially those in the Neuc Zeitschrift fur Musik.
Tire "Barber of Bagdad" has had a rather unfortunate history. When first performed at Weimar, under the direction of Franz Liszt, it provoked the most intense hostile criticism, and was made the excuse for such a bitter attack on Liszt that he resigned his position rather than to admit that he was mistaken in his judgment of the work. It has been rehabilitated several times, but has not remained for any length of time in the repertoire of any of the great opera houses. That this should be the case is a great mystery, for it is a work of real genius--replete with original melody--superlatively witty--in fact, one of the greatest operatic works of the nineteenth century.
The overture on our program is the second, as the first--in B Minor--was found to be ineffective. It is considered one of his greatest creations. It was written at the suggestion of Franz Liszt, who was the first to recognize the composer's greatness, and who furnished the instrumentation, as Cornelius--who died soon after its composition, left a pianoforte score only.
16 Official Program Book.
First comes the "Barber" motive, Trumpet. _
f ----'
'A boul Has san A li E ben Be kar
which is followed by a portion of the Barber's humorous song.
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