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UMS Concert Program, December 17, 1935: The Messiah -- Georg Friedrich Handel

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University Musical Society
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Season: 1935-1936
Concert: Third
Complete Series: 2311
Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Third Concert 1935-1936 Complete Series 2311
Georg Friedrich Handel
Thelma von Eisenhauer, Soprano Ruth Gasman, Contralto
Arthur Hackett, Tenor Frederick L. Newnham, Bass-Baritone
University Choral Union University Symphony Orchestra
Palmer Christian, Organist--Earl V. Moore, Conductor
Tuesday Evening, December 17, 1935, at 8:15 Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
( order that the continuity of the work be maintained, it is requested that the audience refrain from applause until the end of each part of the program.)
Recitative (Tenor)
Air (Tenor)
Recitative (Bass)
Air (Bass)
Recitative (Contralto)
Air (Contralto) and Chorus
Recitative (Bass)
Air (Bass)
Pastoral Symphony
Recitative T
Recitative I (s o)
Recitative f
Recitative J
Air (Soprano) Recitative (Contralto) Air (Contralto) Air (Soprano)
Air (Contralto)
Recitative (Tenor)
Air (Tenor)
Air (Bass)
Comfort ye my people
Every valley shall be exalted
And the glory of the Lord
Thus saith the Lord
But who may abide the day of His coming
Behold, a virgin shall conceive
0 thou that tellest good tidings to Zion
For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth
The people that walked in darkness
For unto us a Child is born
There were shepherds abiding in the field
And lot the angel of the Lord came upon the
And the angel said unto them
And suddenly there was with the angel
Glory to God
Rejoice greatly, 0 daughter of Zion
Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened
He shall feed His flock like a shepherd
Come unto Him
PART II--THE PASSION Behold the Lamb of God He was despised Surely He hath borne our griefs And with His stripes we are healed All we like sheep have gone astray Thy rebuke hath broken His heart Behold, and see if there be any sorrow Why do the nations so furiously rage Let us break their bonds asunder
Air (Soprano) Chorus
Recitative (Bass) Air (Bass) Chorus Chorus
know that my Redeemer liveth Since by man came death Behold, I tell you a mystery The trumpet shall sound Worthy is the Lamb Hallelujah
The Messiah, An Oratorio for
Soli, Chorus, Orchestra, and Organ.................Handel
Unlike many works to which immortality may be accorded, the success of the ''Messiah" was immediate, and with the passage of the years we discover no abatement of its power to charm and inspire. Its association with Christmas-for some inexplicable reason--has given to it special significance, and, to many, a Christmas season that brings with it no performance of the "Messiah" loses much of its meaning.
The "Messiah," as one writer puts it, "was improvised on paper in twentyfour days" (from August 22 to September 12, 1741). This is but one instance of the remarkable rapidity with which Handel composed. It must not be forgotten, however, that the orchestration of the "Messiah" was very often fragmentary and simple, in certain numbers merely sketched. Again three of the most important choruses were adaptations of former compositions. Handel, in his art, anticipated the modern mechanical principle of interchangeable parts, and one looks in vain for any real differences between his operas and oratorios-other than obvious distinctions in the nature of the text and use of the chorus.
The first performance of the "Messiah" was given in Dublin, April 18, 1742. On the occasion of its first performance in England on March 23, 1749, at the words in the Hallelujah Chorus, "For the Lord God omnipotent reigneth," the auditors were so transported that, led by the King, they all rose to their feet and remained standing until the chorus ended. This practice has become as much a part of succeeding performances as the Christmas date. It is a hopeful sign when an English-speaking audience really breaks loose; therefore--long may the custom endure!
RECIT. Accompanied.--(Tenor)
Comfort ye, comfort ye, my people, saith your God; Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem; and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned.
The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness: Prepare ye the way of the Lord; make straight in the desert a ' highway for our God.
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill made low, the crooked straight and the rough places plain.
And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together ; for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.
Thus saith the Lord of Hosts: Yet once a little while and I will shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and the dry land; and I will shake all nations; and the desire of all nations shall come.
The Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in; Behold, He shall come, saith the Lord of Hosts.
But who may abide the day of His coming and who shall stand when He appeareth
For He is like a refiner's fire.
Behold a Virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Emmanuel, God with us.
O thou that tellest good things to Zion, get thee up into the high mountain: O thou that tellest good tidings to Jerusalem, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God!
Arise, shine, for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee.
RECIT. Accompanied.--(Bass)
For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people; but the Lord shall rise upon thee, and His glory shall be seen upon thee, and the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light; and they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given, and the government shall be upon His shoulder; and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace.
There were shepherds abiding in the field keeping watch over their flocks by night.
RECIT. Accompanied.--(Soprano)
And lo! the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them, and they were sore afraid.
And the angel said unto them, Fear not; for behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people; for unto you is bom this day in the City of David, a Savior, which is Christ the Lord.
RECIT. Accompanied.--(Soprano)
And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God, and saying:
Glory to God in the highest, and peace on earth, good will towards men.
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! behold, thy King cometh unto thee!
He is the righteous Savior, and He shall speak peace unto the heathen.
Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped; then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb shall sing.
He shall feed His flock like a shepherd; and He shall gather the lambs with His arm, and carry them in His bosom, and gently lead those that are with young.
Come unto Him, all ye that labor and are heavy leaden, and He shall give you rest. Take His yoke upon you, and learn of Him, for He is meek and lowly of heart, and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
Behold the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world.
He was despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief.
Surely He hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows! He was wounded for our transgressions; He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon Him.
And with His stripes we are healed.
All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way.
And the Lord hath laid on TTim the iniquity of us all.
RECIT. Accompanied.--(Tenor)
Thy rebuke hath broken His heart; He is full of heaviness. He looked for some to have pity on Him, but there was no man, neither found He any to. comfort Him.
Behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto His sorrow.
Why do the nations so furiously rage together, and why do the people imagine a vain thing
The kings of the earth rise up, and the rulers take counsel together against the Lord, and against His anointed.
Let us break their bonds asunder, and cast away their yokes from us.
I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that He shall stand at the latter day upon the earth; and though worms
destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God.
For now is Christ risen from the dead, the first-fruits of them that sleep.
Since by man came death, By man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, Even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
RECIT. Accompanied.--(Bass)
Behold! I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep; but we shall all be changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet.
The trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
Worthy is the Lamb that was slain, and hath redeemed us to God by His blood, to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor, and glory, and blessing.
Blessing and honor, glory and power, be unto Him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb, for ever and ever.
Hallelujah: for the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth.
The kingdom of this world has become the kingdom of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever.
King of Kings, and Lord of Lords. Hallelujah I

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