Complete Series: 3639
Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
The University Musical Society
The University of Michigan
THE HAGUE PHILHARMONIC
WILLEM VAN OTTERLOO, Conductor
Under the gracious patronage of Her Majesty Queen Juliana of The Netherlands
Friday Evening, January 24, 1969, at 8:30 Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Symphonic Study...........Hendrik Andriessen
Symphony in D major, K. 504 ("Prague").......Mozart
Adagio, allegro Andante Presto
Symphony No. 6 in A major..........Bruckner
Adagio: sehr feierlich Scherzo: nicht schnell
Finale: bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
Records: Philips; Deutsche Grammophon; Gesellschaft; Fontana.
Seventh Concert Ninetieth Annual Choral Union Series Complete Programs 3639
Symphonic Study...........Hendrik Andriessen
The score of this work was completed on May 20, 1952. It bears the following inscription by the composer:
"This work consists of four developments of a melody which is played at the beginning of the work by the oboe. The four movements are played without a break. The tempi are Quasiadagio, Allegro con spirito, Adagio, Allegro vivace. It lasts about eleven minutes." The name study may well make one think of Czerny and Clementi. The listener should remem?ber, however, that Chopin and Debussy have also written studies which offer not only technical problems but are at the same time works of art of a high level. In symphonic literature the title Study is rare; presumably Andriessen chose this title because of the challenge contained in the special type of composition. In this case the problem is to develop from one melody an orchestra piece of four movements which are strongly contrasting in character but which nevertheless form a unity. But of course the work is more than a study; the character of the composition may well be described as a passionate dramatization.
Symphony in D major, K. 504 ("Prague") . . Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The city of Prague was of great significance in the life of Mozart. After the premiere of his opera Le Nozze di Figaro in Vienna, performances at the National Theater in Prague followed soon after, during the winter of 178687, and the opera had such a tremendous success that it was repeated many times.
Mozart was enthusiastic about the lively reactions of the Prague public; everywhere arias from Figaro were sung, played and danced, arranged as German Dances or "Contredanses." (Mozart did so himself: in 1791 he wrote a "Contredanse" on the aria, "Non piii andrai.")
This success had two important consequences: the commission of a new opera, Don Giovanni, which had its first performance in Prague on October 29th, and the composition of a symphony in which Mozart expressed his gratitude to Prague, which became known as "The Prague Symphony."
This work takes a special place in Mozart's symphonic oeuvre. It was composed in a period in which Mozart wrote chambermusic and "concertante" works primarily: his last symphony was the Linz Symphony, written in 1783. Mozart, who in several symphonies had followed the example of the Mannheim composers who wrote fourmovement symphonies by adding a Menuet, gave this symphony only three movements. The relation with the original Italian tripartite Sinfonia is no more than a formal one.
The long introduction, full of dramatic modulations, indicates that it is to be a symphony of great importance. This introduction became the immediate model for the introduction in Beethoven's Second Symphony. Though the character of this Symphony is powerful and selfconscious (similar to the great Trio, K. 502 and the Piano Concerto, K. 503), the numerous syncopations and chromati?cisms give it an impression of dramatic emotion, of restlessness, also heard in the impressive Andante.
The Finale brings the necessary relief: a boisterous Presto, in the beginning of which Mozart quotes a duettino from his Figaro (2nd Act, No. 14) again paying homage to the Prague public who had justly appreciated his chef d'oeuvre.
The orchestration calls for two flutes, two oboes, two bassoons, two horns, two trumpets, timpany and strings.
Symphony No. 6 in A major.........Anton Bruckner
Born September 4, 1824, at Ausfelden, Bruckner received his first organ and theory lessons from J. B. Weiss at Honching in 1835. He sang in the boys choir at St. Florian, studied at a seminary in Linz and became an assistant teacher at Windhaag and Kronstorf. Anton Bruckner was the distin?guished organist at the Linz cathedral from 1856 to 1868, when he was appointed teacher in harmony, counterpoint, and organ at the Conservatory in Vienna. The ViceChancellor of the Vienna Univer
sity, upon honoring him with a doctor's degree said: "I, the ViceChancellor of the Vienna University, bow before the former assistantteacher at Windhaag." In 1S94 Bruckner retired and was given an apartment in the Belvedere Palace in Vienna by the Austrian Emperor. He died on October 11, 1896, and was buried at St. Florian.
Though Bruckner enjoyed success and was greatly appreciated during his later life, he never?theless suffered violent attacks from the critics, particularly Hanslick and even Brahms. His total admiration for Wagner, in the city of Vienna which rejected him, created more misunderstanding and alienation for Bruckner. Two movements of the Sixth Symphony were played finally by the Vienna Philharmonic and this performance became one of the first great successes of the composer. Neglected a rather long time, though without apparent reason, the Sixth Symphony was published in 1935.
In the Sixth Symphony the typical ostinato of the strings, introducing the glorious principal theme, determines the character of the first movement, in which the constant triplets of the bass, as well as the imposing unison of the third theme, fit surprisingly well.
The Adagio opens in a resigned, melancholy mood, until the tender second theme in E is introduced slowly by the cellos. The third theme passes like a procession, sad and ponderous, followed by the coda--a fulfillment of peace and happiness. Several fantastic and playful effects are heard in the Scherzo; it has a certain relation with the Scherzo of the Ninth Symphony.
The Finale is full of contrasts: an exuberant marching theme is followed by lyric episodes; a chorale theme is preceded by a moment of meditative seriousness, and the symphony ends with the magnificent principal theme of the first movement.
Het ResidentieOrkest was founded in 1904 by Dr. Henry Viotta, who also established the Wagner Society of The Netherlands. During its history, it has known four regular conductors: Dr. Peter van Anrooy (19171935), Frits Schuurman (19381949) and from 1949 to the present, Willem van Otterloo. The latter has led the orchestra in more than 1,750 concerts, and under his baton it has achieved international recognition for the highest standards of performance. In the Netherlands and on tours, during the sixtyfive years of its existence, the orchestra has tallied more than 7,500 concerts under 275 conductors.
Het ResidentieOrkest toured the United States for the first time in 1963. In 1965 the ensemble came again for a coasttocoast concert tour. Both tours were conducted by Willem van Otterloo.
The orchestra is subsidized by the government as well as by the municipality of The Hague, which is the seat of Dutch government, the official residence of Her Majesty Queen Juliana (hence its name ResidentieOrkest), and the seat of international embassy buildings which line its shaded streets.
Willem van Otterloo's distinguished career started in 1932 as assistant conductor of the Municipal Symphony Orchestra of Utrecht. In 1937 he succeeded to the post of conductor. He was appointed regular conductor of Het ResidentieOrkest in 1949. In 1967 Van Otterloo went with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, and since 1966 he has been its regular conductor. Previously he had conducted them in 40 concerts in Australia, the United States, and Canada (Expo '67 in Montreal). Orchestras which have performed under his baton include the Concertgebouw, the Berlin Philhar?monic, the Vienna Symphony, the Milan Scala Orchestra, and the Lamoureux and Pasdeloup Orchestras of Paris.
Sharing the podium with Jean Fournet, Mr. van Otterloo is also first conductor of the Radio Philharmonic Orchestra which he leads three months of the year.
As a composer Willem van Otterloo ranks among the most outstanding in Holland and is esteemed in other parts of Europe.
Het ResidentieOrkest boasts two concert masters who are equal in their positions and functions in the orchestra. They are Theo Olof and Willem Noske, both pupils of the renowned pedagogue Oskar Back.
1968 -INTERNATIONAL PRESENTATIONS -1969
MUSIC FROM MARLBORO.......Saturday, February 1
Program: Sonata No. 2 for Violin and Piano.........Bartok
Songs and Dances of Death.........Moussorgsky
Trio in Eflat for Horn, Violin and Piano, Op. 40.....Brahms
ISRAEL CHAMBER ORCHESTRA.....Monday, February 10
Program: Chaconne in G minor for Strings.........Purcell
"Dumbarton Oaks" Concerto in Eflat major.....Stravinsky
Concerto in C major for Cello..........Haydn
"Songs of an Early Morning"........BenZion Orgad
Divertimento No. 11 in D major.........Mozart
ALVIN AILEY DANCERS.......Saturday, February 8
"CARMEN" (Goldovsky Opera Co.) . . . 8:00, Saturday, February 15
BALLET FOLKLORICO OF MEXICO .... Wednesday, February 26
ANN ARBOR MAY FESTIVAL April 24, 25, 26, 27, 1969
THE PHILADELPHIA ORCHESTRA AT ALL CONCERTS PROGRAMS
THURSDAY, APRIL 24, 8:30 EUGENE ORMANDY, Conductor.
RICHARD TUCKER, Tenor, will sing arias by Mozart, Handel, Meyerbeer, and Puccini. "Classical" Symphony (Prokofieff) ; "Iberia" (Debussy) and the Symphonic Poem "Pines of Rome" (Respighi).
FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 8:30 THOR JOHNSON, Conductor.
JOANNA SIMON, Mezzosoprano, will sing Pantasileas's aria from Bomarzo (Ginastera). HANS RICHTERHAASER, Pianist, will perform Concerto No. 1 in E minor, Op. 11 (Chopin). UNIVERSITY CHORAL UNION performs Psalm ISO, Op. 5 (Ginastera) and the choral work "Fern Hill" by John Corigliano, with Joanna Simon.
SATURDAY, APRIL 26, 8:30 EUGENE ORMANDY, Conductor.
All orchestral program: Overture to Die Meistersinger (Wagner) ; Symphony No. 3 (Charles Ives); and Symphony No. 1 (Mahler).
SUNDAY, APRIL 27, 2:30 THOR JOHNSON, Conductor.
UNIVERSITY CHORAL UNION performs Schubert's Mass in Aflat, with soloists: MARIA STADER, Soprano; JOANNA SIMON, Mezzosoprano; JOHN McCOLLUM, Tenor; WILLIS PATTERSON, Bass. ZARA NELSOVA, Cellist, performs the Elgar Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra.
SUNDAY, APRIL 27, 8:30
EUGENE ORMANDY, Conductor.
REGINE CRESPIN, Soprano, will ing "Scheherazade" (Ravel) ; and the aria, "Ah Perfido,"
Op. 65 (Beethoven). Symphony No. 31 in D major--"Paris" (Mozart), and "La Mer" (Debussy).
Series Tickets: $30.00--$25.00--$20.00--$15.00--$10.00
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UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Gail W. Rector, President James R. Breakey, Jr. Paul G. Kauper
Roscoe 0. Bonisteel, VicePresident Douglas D. Crary Wilbur K. Pierpont
Erich A. Walter, Secretary Robben W. Fleming Daniel H. Schurz
E. ThurstonThieme, Treasurer Harlan Hatcher Stephen H. Spurr