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UMS Concert Program, November 1, 1975: Mario Escudero --

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Concert: Fourth
Complete Series: 3964
Ann Arbor, Michigan

The University Musical Society
The Hi
Diversity of uncmgan
Mario Escudero
Flamenco Guitarist
Saturday Evening, November 1, 1975, at 8:00
Power Center for the Performing Arts
Ann Arbor, Michigan
La Vega (Granadina)
The Granadinas is an adaption of the "Fandangos Grandes" which has been strongly influenced by the Moors, rulers of Granada for eight centuries.
Homenaje a Montoya (Rondeiia)
Solo dedicated to RAMON MONTOYA, the patriarch of flamenco guitar. Montoya's presentation of the flamenco guitar at the Salle Pleyel, in Paris, France, in the early MOs marked the beginning of the flamenco guitar as a solo instrument outside of Spain. Montoyo died in Madrid in 1949.
Castillito de Alcala (Solea)
Solea is "cante grande" and considered "cante gitano." One of the most "jondo" styles of flamenco. Title refers to the Old Moorish Castle in the town of Alcala de Guadaira in the province of Sevilla. The rhythmic pattern is 34 and in the Phrygian mode.
An adaptation of the typical ''malaguenas" from the province of Malaga, made famous by the composer Ernesto Lccuona.
Recuerdo del Alhambra
A tremolo for solo guitar by Francisco Tarrega, dedicated to the "Alhambra" of Granada.
Repiqueteos Flamencos (Zapateado)
A piece which has been inspired by the "taconeo" (heelwork) of the male flamenco dancer. This solo is in C major.
Exodo Gitano (Tarantas)
Dedicated to the gypsies of the world. Escudero has incorporated international gypsy themes. Title refers to the exodus of gypsies from Europe during World War II to avoid Nazi extermina?tion. Tarantas are "cante gitano."
Fourth Program Fifth Annual Choice Series, Power Center Complete Programs 3964
Toque del M one ho (Fandango)
This is considered "cante chico." It is a lively and melodic piece which comes from the Province of Huelva.
Castillo de Xauen
A piece by another famed flamenco guitarist, Esteban Delgado, called SanLucar because he was from the city by that name in the south of Spain. This is a Moorish dance.
Para Atnina (Guajira)
Guajira is a rhythm which incorporates two separate rhythmic patterns: 34 and 68. It is believed to have been brought to Spain from Cuba in the late 1880s. The title is dedicated to Amina, Escudero's daughter.
Impctu (Bulerias)
New chords and use of arpeggios have been added to the traditional style of bulerias. Although a difficult style to play or sing, it is considered "cante chico."
Manantial Andaluz (Solea)
A continuous theme is employed throughout the Solea without losing the Andalusion cadence. Solea is of the purest flamenco, filled with pathos, considered one of the most profound of fla?menco pieces.
Hercules Gaditano (Alegrias)
Dedicated to the city of Cadiz (on the Bay of Cadiz northwest of Gibraltar). Here the temple of Hercules is believed to be buried in the Castle of Sancti Petri. The shield of Cadiz depicts Hercules.
Almoradi (Farruca)
Another flamenco guitarist known as Nino Ricardo wrote this piece. The farruca, while con?sidered flamenco, is believed to be from Galicia (the Celtic region of Spain).
Pantomima Flamenca (Garrotin)
A piece of the gypsies of Cataluna and Northern Spain. Gypsies in Spain, while forming a common brotherhood, nevertheless have different pieces which depict their local customs. A great deal of mimicry and a bit of the buffoon in its style, it is sometimes called "Garrotin feo" or "baile del oso." This is seldom played in Andalucia.
Costa del Sol (Malaguena)
A typical dance from the province of Malaga. This piece is usually danced to the accompaniment of violins, guitar, singing and very little, if any, zapateado or heelwork is used. This type of dance is usually danced in groups.
Abril en Sevilla (Saeta and Seguiriya)
Depicts the pageantry of Holy Week in Sevilla, Spain. First is heard the drums of the procession as the "pasos" start. It is customary in Seville to sing the Saeta (arrow song) to the passing procession. The seguiriya is also sung. After the procession you will hear the fading drums as the procession moves on.
Meditation (Nana)
A cradle song dedicated to Escudero's children.
Kelaja (Bulerias)
The title means "dance" in Romany (the language of the gypsies). One of the most intricate and difficult pieces to play and usually accompanied by "festeros."
All compositions are by Escudero except where indicated. Decca, Musical Heritage, ABC Paramount, Montilla, MGM, and Folkways Records.
Burton Memorial Tower, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104 Phones: 6653717, 7642538

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