Rackham Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
THE UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Juilliard String Quartet
ROBERT MANN, Violinist EARL CARLYSS, Violinist
SAMUEL RHODES, Violist JOEL KROSNICK, Cellist
Monday Evening, September 24, 1979, at 8:30 Rackham Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Quartet in D major, Op. 20, No. 4 (1772)
Allegro di molto Un poco adagio, affettuoso
Menuetto: allegretto alia zingarese Presto scherzando
Lyric Suite (1926).....
Allegro gioviale Andante amoroso
Allegro misterioso--trio estatico Adagio appassionato Presto delirando Largo desolato
Quartet in A minor, Op 51, No. 2 (1873)
Allegro non troppo Andante moderato
Quasi minuetto: moderato Finale: allegro non assai
Columbia, RCA, and CRI Records
101st Season -Seventh Concert
Chamber Arts Series
Quartet in D major, Op. 20, No. 4........Joseph Haydn
The Sun quartets, by which name Haydn's Opus 20 is known, are among the first in which the violin is not merely a solo accompanied by three subordinate instruments. In these works Haydn has begun the integration of the ensemble which was to result in the highest development of the string quartet form up to and beyond this time. The cello solo which dominates the trio of the highly original minuet in No. 4 of this series is a recognition of the importance of instruments other than the ubiquitous soprano violin.
Elegance is the keynote of the first movement of this quartet. This is Abendmusik for a princely salon where it undoubtedly had its first hearing. The second movement, a theme and four variations, reminds one of its counterpart in the much later Emperor quartet. Here again the cello is given an eminent spot, particularly in the second variation.
The short minuet is the most inventive movement of the quartet. On its few measures Haydn has lavished his most polished craft, its attractive syncopation and subtle canonic treatment arresting the eye and ear. Marked alia zingarese it is less gypsy-like than the last movement which bears a relation to the Gypsy Rondo in the G major piano trio, with its Hungarian folk base.
Lyric Suite..............Alban Berg
The Lyric Suite, completed in 1926, is the second of two instrumental works com?posed by Berg after finishing his opera Wozzeck in 1921. The suite has six movements, alternately fast and slow, with the tempo contrasts becoming ever more marked (as indicated by the titles of the movements) and with constantly increasing emotional intensity. The first, third, fifth, and sixth sections are in the twelve-tone system of Schoenberg, whose pupil Berg was, while the remaining two are atonal. A kind of cyclic form is given to the work by the fact that each movement contains a passage which is taken up and developed in the next movement.
Although Berg's formal technique is derived from Schoenberg's, his aesthetic is deeply rooted in the cultural milieu of his native Vienna. His music is elegant and sophisticated, yet searching and powerful--in essence, romantic. It also reflects the impact on Viennese cultural life of painters and writers such as Klee and Rilke, and of the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud.
Quartet in A minor, Op. 51, No. 2.......Johannes Brahms
This quartet is the best known of Brahms' three works for string quartet, of which it is the second. It was finished in 1873, but Brahms had been working on it for a long time before that year. Innumerable sketches of quartet movements had been destroyed before Brahms, at the age of forty, decided to approve the two works published as Opus 51.
The first movement opposes a passionate first theme to a lovely, animated, floating second theme which belongs among his most captivating melodies. The development section uses the first theme exclusively, and the final stretta of the movement, too, deals with it alone. The "ruminating" (Tovey) rhythm of the second theme of the first movement is remembered in the theme of the Andante which, with the exception of one rhapsodic interlude, dominates the second movement. In the third movement a slow minuet is contrasted with a fast trio in duple time. After each part of the trio, six measures in the minuet tempo are inserted for the purpose of combining the main themes of each. The main theme of the passionate Finale consists of a waltz motive in three measures. A lyrical waltz theme provides the expected contrast, much in the same way as in the last of the "Neue Liebeslieder" waltzes, Opus 65.
About the Artists
In the three decades since its first public concert--which took place in New York's Town Hall on December 23, 1947--the Juilliard String Quartet has played more than 4,000 concerts, not only in all the major cities of the United States and Canada but throughout Europe, South and Central America, the Near and Far East, and the Antipodes. In 1961 it was the first American string quartet to visit the Soviet Union, to which it returned for another triumphant tour in 196S. It has also participated in virtually every major music festival around the world, including the Salzburg Festival, the Vienna Festwochen, the Gulbenkian Festival in Portugal, the Sibelius Festival in Finland, and the Festival of Israel.
The Quartet's repertoire includes over 400 works, more than ISO of them by 20th-century composers. It is especially noted for its championship of American composers, having premiered more than 35 works by Copland, Foss, Piston, Carter, Babbitt, Sessions, Mennin, and Schuman, among others. In the summer of 1948 the Quartet made nationwide headlines for the performance of the complete Bartok quartets at the Berkshire Music Festival in Tanglewood--a feat it has since repeated 25 times.
As continuing Quartet-in-Residence at the Juilliard School, its members have trained a number of the most successful chamber music groups. Since 1962, the Juilliard has also served as Quartet-in-Residence of the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., where it gives an annual series of 20 concerts on the priceless Stradivarius instruments willed to the people of the United States by Mrs. Gertrude Clarke WhittaU.
Although it has undergone personnel changes through the years, the Juilliard has maintained a uniform standard and certain unique characteristics due to the continuing leadership of its remarkable first violinist Robert Mann. The current season is the thirteenth for second violinist Earl Carlyss, the tenth for violist Samuel Rhodes, and the fifth for cellist Joel Krosnick. All of the present members are American-born, have had their musical training in this country, and have impressive credits as solo performers. Traveling around the world with the Quartet are priceless old Italian instruments: the 1718 Stradivarius of Mann, Carlyss' 1707 violin made by Peter Guarneri of Mantua, the rare old Brescian viola of Rhodes, made circa 1570 by Peligrino Zanetto, and the 1707 Cremona cello of Krosnick, bearing the label "Joseph Guarnerius films Andreus."
Previous Ann Arbor appearances by the Juilliard Quartet were in 1962 and 1974.
1979-1980 International Presentations
Choral Union Series
Joan Sutherland, Soprano; Richard Bonynge, Pianist . . Thurs. Oct. 4
Prague Chamber Orchestra..........Sun. Oct. 7
Moscow State Symphony..........Sat. Oct. 13
James Gal way, Flutist..........Thurs. Oct. 25
with Marisa Robles, Harpist; Milton Thomas, Violisl
Dresden Staatskapelle..........Sun. Nov. 11
Alfred Brendel, Pianist..........Tues. Jan. 22
Leontyne Price, Soprano.......... Sat. Feb. 9
Yehudi and Hephzibah Menuhin, Violinist & Pianist . . . Wed. Mar. 19
Baltimore Symphony OrchestraComissiona.....Wed. Apr. 2
Sherrill Milnes, Baritone.........Mon. Apr. 14
The Moscow Pops........... Wed. Oct. 17
The Nekrasov Russian Folk Orchestra; with Bokhoi Opera stars and dancers of the Kiev Ballet
Chinese Acrobats............Sat. Nov. 3
The Fred Waring Show..........Fri. Nov. 16
Handel's "Messiah"...........Fri., Sat., Sun.,
Nov. 30, Dec. 1 & 2 Jean-Pierre Rampal, Flutist; Alexander Lagoya, Guitarist . Mon. Feb. 18
Founders Day Concert..........Sun. Feb. 24
The Festival Chorus; Donald Bryant, Conductor; Handel's Israel in Egypt
Bohemian Folk Ballet of Prague.......Thurs. Oct. 4
Waverly Consort............Mon. Oct. 22
Paul Gaulin Mime Company.........Tues. Oct. 23
Solomons CompanyDance.........Wed. Oct. 24
Cloud Gate Dance Theatre, Taiwan.......Sun. Nov. 4
Martha Graham Dance Company......Mon.-Wed. Nov. 5-7
"Nutcracker," Pittsburgh Ballet.....Thurs.-Sun. Dec. 13-16
Les Grands Ballets Canadiens........Sun. Jan. 20
Glinka Chorus of Leningrad.........Tues. Jan. 29
Eliot Feld Ballet..........Fri.-Sun. Feb. 1-3
Cuban National Folk Ensemble........Tues. Feb. 26
Krasnayarsk Dance Company, Siberia.......Fri. Feb. 29
Kingdom of Bhutan, Music & Dance.......Sat. Mar. 15
Jury's Irish Cabaret of Dublin........Tues. Mar. 18
Chamber Arts Series
Michael Lorimer, Guitarist......... Mon. Oct. 15
Boston Camerata............ Sun. Oct. 28
Syntagma Musicum........... Tues. Nov. 20
Concord String Quartet.......... Sun. Jan. 27
Orpheus Chamber Ensemble......... Fri. Feb. 8
Zurich Chamber Orchestra......... Fri. Feb. 15
Quartetto Italiano........... Thur. Apr. 17
Debut & Encore Series
Youri Egorov, Pianist...........Thurs. Oct. 18
Nina Beilina, Violinist...........Tues. Dec. 4
Aldo Ciccolini, Pianist..........Thurs. Feb. 21
Elly Ameling, Soprano..........Wed. Mar. 12
Tickets to all concerts may be purchased individually; series tickets are still available for Choral Union, Debut & Encore, and Choice.
UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
Burton Memorial Tower, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 Phones: 665-3717, 764-2538